Herb. Bot. Division.: 1638 sea coast, Wellington, H. H. Travers; 1741 Whangaripo Valley, Rodney County, D. Petrie; 22275 Waimangaroa, Nelson, A. L. Poole; 25077 eastern area, Manawatu River, H. H. Allan; 25110 and 25114 Kensington Valley, Okaramio, Marlborough, A. J. Healy; 37201 north of Paeka-kariki, I. W. Davey; 41436 Saltwater Creek near Kaiapoi, A. J. Healy; 51084 and 51085 Raumati Forks, I. W. Davey; 74769 Moutoa Estate, Foxton, A. J. Healy; 63233 and 63234 Manawatu Gorge, c. 300 feet, A. P. Druce; 79427 Mt.
Arowhana, 3,500 feet, A. P. D.; 81218 north of Birchfield, Buller County, R. Mason a ad N. T. Moar No. 1621; 81242 and 81243 Carter's Beach Road, Buller County, R. M. and N. T. M. No. 1656; 81803 Moutoa Estate, Foxton, A. J. Healy.
Herb. Dominion Museum: Auckland, T. Kirk; Great Barrier Island, T. K.; Waihi Lake, Waikato, T. K.; Te Whaiti near Whakatane, D. Petrie; Tirau, Thames Valley, D. P.; Horahora, Waikato, D. P.; Miramar, Wellington, W. R. B. Oliver; Lake Ferry, Wairarapa, B. C. Aston; Pelorus Sound, T. Kirk in Herb. L. Cockayne No. 9012; Puketutu Bay, D'Urville Island, W. R. B. Oliver; Cedar Creek, Denniston, D. Petrie; Westport, P. G. Morgan; Canterbury, R. M. Laing, Whangaripo Valley, Rodney County, D. Petrie; near Dunedin, D. P.; Chatham Islands, W. Martin, W. R. B. Oliver.
Herb. Auckland Museum: 2580 Mangataperi, Whangarei, H. Carse; 2582 St. John's Lake, Auckland, T. F. Cheeseman; 2587 Okarito, Westland, A. Hamilton; 2589 Dunedin and coast uplands, D. Petrie; 30505 “New Zealand 1769–70 Banks and Solander”.
Herb. Canterbury Museum: In Herb. H. Carse 423/1 Ashburton ? H. H. Allan; 423/3 Mt. Arthur, Nelson, G. O. K. Sainsbury; 423/4 Kaweka Range, B. C. Aston; 423/5 Waimarino Plain, H. Carse; 423/6 near Wairoa, Hawke's Bay, G. O. K. Sainsbury; 423/7 Mauku, Franklin County, H. Carse; 423/8 near Waikumete Creek, Glen Eden, Auckland, H. C.; 423/9 Maungatapere, Whangarei, H. C. 123/10 Fairburn, Mangonui, H. C; 423/11 Kaiaka, Mangonui, H. C. 423/12 Mt. Maungataniwha, c. 1,500 feet, Mangonui, H. C.; 424/4 Mauku, H. C.; 424/9 Lower Waikato, H. C.
The spikelets of this and the following species present very different appearances owing to the character and arrangement of the utricles. In the above species the ripe utricles are closely packed tending to spread at a greater angle from the rachis than in the following species. This difference in arrangement is shown in the relative density of scars on the rachis, typical examples of which are illustrated on the accompanying plates.
As Forster's publication of Solander's manuscript name, C. ternaria, was without a description, the first valid publication of this name is in Hooker's Flora Antarctica which is predated by Schkuhr's C. geminata in “Beschreibung und Abbildungen der Riedgrasern.” The latter, therefore, must stand as the valid name.
C. ternaria var. minor Boott (Ill. Car. iv (1867) t. 597 right-hand side of plate) as emended by Kukenthal (loc. cit.) is a depauperated state of C. geminata although in certain areas where ecological conditions are unfavourable it may be the prevailing form. This appears to be the case in Fiordland.
Carex confusa sp. nov.
C. ternaria var. gracilis Cheesem. in Trans. N.Z. Inst. xvi (1884) 431; Man. N.Z. Fl. i (1906) 820; Kukenth. in Engler's Pflanzem. Heft 38 (1909) 369; Cheesem. Man. N.Z. Fl. ii (1925) 265.
Leaves up to 70 cm., longer than the culms. Culms stout below the lowest bract, slender and nodding above. Spikelets 12–20, rather distant, 5–10 cm. × 0·3–0·7 cm., upper 3–6 male on slender peduncles, remainder female, with male flowers it the apices, geminate, ternate, or quinate, peduncles slender, often exceeding the spikelets. Glumes 3 mm. × 1 mm., oblong, truncate or emarginate with a short hispid awn 0.5 mm. long. Utricles 4 mm. × 1.5 mm., narrow-
ovoid to lanceolate, 3–5 nerved when young, mealy and brown or yellow when mature, lateral ridges obscure, beak absent, month entire. Nut ovate, filling lower half to two-thirds of the utricle. Text-fig. 4.
Habitat: Coastal swamps and lowland areas up to 2,000 feet.