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Volume 82, 1954-55
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Annual Meeting Of The Council, 15Th May, 1954 Minutes

The Annual Meeting of the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand was held in the Board Room, Auckland Institute and Museum, on Saturday, May 15, 1954, commencing at 10 a.m.

Representation and Roll Call. The following were present:—President: Dr. W. R. B. Oliver. Vice-Presidents: Mr. F. R. Callaghan and Dr. D. Miller Government Representatives: Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Dr. R. A. Falla, Dr. C. A. Fleming. Auckland Institute: Professor L. H. Briggs and Mr. A. T. Pycroft. Wellington Branch: Mr. K. R. Allen and Professor L. R. Richardson. Canterbury Branch: Professor R. S. Allan and Mr. C. E. Fenwick. Otago Branch: Miss Beryl Brewin and Dr. D. A. Brown. Hawke's Bay Branch. Mr. N. L. Elder. Nelson Institute: Dr. D. Miller. Southland Branch: Dr. G. H. Uttley. Hon. Treasurer: Mr. S. Cory Wright. Co-opted Member: Dr. J. T. Salmon. Fellows' Representative: Professor C. A. Cotton.

Observers. Representing the Waikato Scientific Association: Dr. E. B. Davies. Representing the Rotorua Philosophical Society : Mr. J. Healy.

Apologies for Absence. His Excellency the Governor General wrote expressing his regret that as he would not be in residence in Auckland during May he would be unable to attend.

The Hon. Minister for Scientific and Industrial Research sent a telegram conveying his regret that although he would be in Auckland his programme prevented his being present. Dr. G. Archey is at present overseas.

Dr. F. G. Soper also apologised for absence from the meeting on account of pressure of Otago University business.

Chairman's Remarks. The President, Dr. Oliver, who was in the chair, extended a welcome to new members as follows:—

Dr C. A. Fleming, who had been appointed one of the four Government representatives; Mr. K. Radway Allen, a representative of the Wellington Branch; Miss Beryl Brewin and Dr. D. A. Brown, representatives of the Otago Branch; Dr. G. H. Uttley, newly appointed representative of the Southland Branch, and Mr. N. L. Elder, representing the Hawke's Bay Branch.

Dr. Oliver announced that Professor C. A. Cotton and Dr. F. G. Soper had been re-elected as the Fellows' representatives for the ensuing two years. He welcomed, too, Dr. E. B. Davies, President of the Waikato Scientific Association, and Mr. J. Healy, of the Rotorua Philosophical Society who were present by invitation of the Standing Committee as observers.

In referring to retiring members of the Council, Dr. Oliver paid a warm tribute to Dr. H. H. Allan, who had represented the Southland Branch and who had rendered valuable service to the Society in many offices, including the Presidency,

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over a very long period. He also paid a tribute to Dr. M. A. F. Barnett, Mr. J. D. H. Buchanan, Dr. W. E. Adams, and Mr. O. H. Keys, who had served as representatives of the Branches.

Obituary. The President mentioned that the Society had sustained the loss of an Honorary Member, Dr. Lelland O. Howard, and of Sir Leonard Hill, who was the second recipient of the T. K. Sidey Summer-time Medal and Prize.

He referred also to the great loss New Zealand science had sustained in the death of Professor F. C. Chalklin, who held the chair of Physics át Canterbury University College and was a Fellow of the Society. He lost his life in the recent air disaster at Singapore.

The Council stood in silence as a mark of respect.

Dr. Oliver said the year under review had been an eventful one. The publication of the seven volumes of the Proceedings of the Seventh Pacific Congress had been completed. He expressed the thanks and appreciation of the Society to Professor R. S. Allan, General Editor, and to Dr. J. Marwick, Business Editor, for their work in this connection.

Dr. Oliver also extended to Dr. O. H. Frankel, now residing in Canberra, the congratulations of the Society on his election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society of London.

The address by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh had taken place at a meeting of scientists organized by the Royal Society of New Zealand at the request of the Royal Tour Committee. This had proved to be one of the most representative scientific assemblages held in the Dominion, and it had been an outstanding success together with the luncheon for sixty guests which followed.

The address was broadcast and later was published as the Society's Bulletin No. 4. Three copies were specially bound, one was presented to His Royal Highness, one was autographed by him for the Society's archives, and the third copy was presented to Mr. Algie, Hon. Minister for Scientific and Industrial Research.

At the request of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh some additional copies of the address were sent to him in London.

Another matter in which the Society had taken an active interest is the proposed Historical and Archaeological Sites Bill to be brought before the House in the coming session. Legislation in regard to Public Reserves at one time considered in conjunction with the Historical and Archaeological Sites Bill had been brought down as a separate measure under the Reserves and Domains Act, 1953.

The Eighth Pacific Science Congress had been held in Manila and had been attended by eighth scientists from New Zealand, the official delegation being the President (Dr. Oliver), Dr. Falla, Dr. Archey, Dr. Skinner, and Mr. J. Healy.

At that Congress it had been decided to reduce the expenditure of the Pacific Science Secretariat. The resignation of Mr. Loring Hudson, Executive Secretary, had been accepted, and his assistant, Miss Brenda Bishop, had been appointed in his place as the only paid officer in the Secretariat. Later, the Council would be asked to vote an amount towards the administration expenses of the office.

Another matter to which attention had been given was an attempt to bring about some co-ordination of scientific societies. A preliminary meeting of representatives of scientific societies had been held in July. Finally, the report on National Collections presented to the last annual meeting had been followed up

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by a report prepared by Mr. Callaghan designed towards the promotion of a sound policy on National Collections. The matter would come up for full consideration later in the agenda.

Notices of Motion were called for and read to come up later in the meeting.

Hector Memorial Award. The President read the report of the Hector Award Committee as follows:—

“The Committee consisting of Dr. G. H. Cunningham, Dr. H. H. Allan and myself, set up to make a recommendation for the award of the Hector medal and prize for 1954 unanimously recommends that the medal and prize be awarded to Mrs. Watson Smith (Lucy May Cranwell) for her researches in botany.

W. R. B. Oliver

, Convener.”

The report was adopted.

On the motion of Professor Briggs, it was resolved that the amount of the prize be £50.

Fellowship Royal Society of New Zealand. Professor R. S. Allan reported that the Fellowship Selection Committee recommend that Mr. H. W. Wellman be elected a Fellow. The report was adopted.

It was resolved that one Fellow be elected in 1955.

T. K. Sidey Summer-time Award. It was resolved that applications should be called for an award to be made next year.

Honorary Membership. As a result of the voting Viscount Bledisloe and Professor Le Gros Clark were elected Hon. Members of the Society to fill the two vacancies declared at the last annual meeting.

Votes of Thanks were accorded to the Hector Award Committee and the Fellowship Selection Committee.

Report of the Standing Committee for the Year ended 31st March, 1954.

Meetings. Nine meetings of the Standing Committee were held during the year, the attendances being as follows:—

The President, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Wellington, 8; Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Vice-President, Wellington, 8; Dr. H. H. Allan, Wellington, 2; Dr. G. Archey, Auckland, 2; Dr. M. A. F. Barnett, Wellington, 7; Mr. S. Cory-Wright, Wellington, 5; Professor C. A. Cotton, Wellington, 7; Dr. R. A. Falla, Wellington, 9; Dr. D. Miller, Vice-President, Nelson, 1; Professor L. R. Richardson, Wellington, 8; Dr. J. T. Salmon, Wellington, 9.

Council. At the meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 4th March, the resignation of Dr. H. H. Allan, representative of the Southland Branch on the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand, was received.

Dr. Allan's health during the year has not been good, and he was reluctantly compelled to resign from the Council. Dr. Allan's resignation was received with very real regret by the Standing Committee, and its appreciation of the valuable services rendered to the Society over a long period and in many capacities was recorded.

Other changes in the Council which will take effect from the 31st March are as follows:—

In the Otago Branch Professor Adams resigned as representative on the Council and Mr. O. H. Keys, President of the Branch, and Dr. D. A. Brown were elected to represent it. Mr. Keys, however, is to be absent from New Zealand for six months, and Miss Beryl Brewin was elected for that period. In the Wellington Branch Mr. K. Radway Allen, President of the Branch, has succeeded Dr. Barnett as its representative. Dr. Barnett has been a most valuable member of the Standing Committee during his term of office, and it is sincerely hoped that he may again take a seat on the Council. The Southland Branch has appointed

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Dr G. H. Uttley to succeed Dr. H. H. Allan as its representative. As one of the two Hon. Secretaries of the Seventh N.Z. Science Congress in Christchurch in 1951, Dr. Uttley was largely responsible for the success of that Congress, and as he is now residing in Wellington he will be a valued member of the Standing Committee.

Dr. Archey, Government representative, will be absent from New Zealand for approximately six months.

Finance. At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 27th July, a letter was received from the Hon. Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research stating that Cabinet had agreed to increase the Society's grant for the current year to £4,000 At this meeting the Hon. Minister was present, and the Standing Committee expressed to him its very deep appreciation of his efforts on behalf of the Society and its thanks to Cabinet for granting most of the increase asked for. The deputation had asked for a grant of £4,652, and in view of the fact that the whole amount had not been granted it would be necessary to revise the current year's budget, which had been presented to the Hon. Minister at the deputation.

At this meeting the Hon. Minister stated that he had hoped to have the Finance Clause in the Society's Act amended, but he could not obtain Cabinet's sanction in this direction. He hoped, however, that next year the Act might be amended.

Later in the year the Secretary of D. S. I.R. wrote stating that the Audit Department had drawn attention to the anomaly in the Financial Clause in the Society's Act which was quite out of line with the amounts actually paid to the Society He proposed, therefore. to regularise the position by substituting in Clause 12 the words “the sum of not less than five hundred pounds “for the words “the sum of five hundred pounds.”

In view of the Hon. Minister's statement that he hoped the financial clause in the Act might be amended in the coming session the Standing Committee considered the amendment proposed by the D. S.I R. should be delayed. It appears, however, that the foregoing substitution is looked upon merely as a machinery matter to regularise the Society's present finances, and it will not affect any subsequent action and that it is to be given effect to.

Publication Matters. The Standing Committee has had publication matters prominently before it during the past year as the Editor, Dr. Salmon, has kept the flow of papers received passing rapidly, after approval by the Standing Committee, to the printers. With the cooperation of the Otago Daily Times Co., the Editor has been able to bring out the four parts of the volume within the Society's year, a state of affairs which has been impossible for a very long time. In addition to the four parts of Volume 81 published, the Standing Commitee authorised the printing of the address given to the meeting of scientists by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, and this was brought out as Bulletin No. 4. As a result of the increased Government Giant to the Society, thus making an additional amount available for publications, the Standing Committee decided to print as Bulletin No 5 Mr. G. O. K. Sainsbury's MS on Mosses. The printing of this work is well in hand. The Bulletin, of approximately 300 pp. text and 76 pp. plates, is to be in the format of the Transactions, and 1,000 copies were authorised at an estimated cost of £1,050.

Certain changes in the appearance of the quarterly parts of the Transactions have been adopted. The setting out of the title on the cover page was altered, and in response to requests the title is now printed also on the spine of the Parts, making for readier accessibility,

Editorial Committee: In order to assist the Editor in any emergency that might arise, an editorial sub-committee consisting of the Editor, Dr. Barnett, and Professor Cotton was appointed.

Submission of papers for the Transactions: The Wellington Branch again raised the question of the rules covering papers for the Transactions, and at a meeting of the Standing Committee, held on the 2nd March, the following recommendation to the annual meeting was approved:—

“That the rules covering the submission of papers to the Society for publication be amended so that in addition to the present means for the submission of papers, authors be permitted to send then papers for printing directly to the Editor.”

Handbooks on Native Flora and Fauna: The Wellington Blanch drew attention to the necessity for the publication of handbooks on the native flora and fauna of New Zealand. This matter was briefly mentioned at the last annual meeting, but it had been received too late for inclusion in the Agenda and therefore could not be discussed.

Meeting with Hon. Minister. Following an instruction from the annual meeting, the Hon. Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research was invited to attend a meeting of the Stand-

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ing Committee when matters of moment to the Society might be discussed with him. This meeting was held on the 27th July, and was well attended, Dr. Archey and Dr. D. Miller, in addition to the Wellington members, being present. Such subjects as the Fuel and Power Utilization Report about which no definite decision had been received from the Government, the Society's impact on National Parks' Policy, proposed legislation on Historical and Archaological Sites and National Collections were discussed, and the Hon. Minister made helpful and useful comments on each subject. Unfortunately, owing to other engagements, the Hon. Mr. Algie had to curtail his visit, but the meeting proved the value of the closer contact between the Hon. Minister and the Society.

Library. Constant use of the Library has been made during the year, especially by the staff and Honours students of Victoria University College. It is of interest to note that during the last two or three years four of the most constant users of the Library gained then Ph.D degree, and at least a dozen other graduates have found the Royal Society's Library a most useful aid in their studies.

Some additional shelving has been erected, and will give temporary relief until the additional space which the College authorities are providing for the Society's Library on the new floor now being erected on top of the Biology Block is available.

It will then be necessary and advisable to appoint an assistant in the Library, provision for which was on the budget placed before the Hon. Minister. With the publication of the Union List of Scientific Periodicals in New Zealand Libraries the demand through interloan for the Society's holdings has been very heavy and has taken up much of the Secretary's time.

Member Bodies. The following reports and balance sheets have been received from Member Bodies:—

Auckland Institute, for the year ended 31st March, 1953.

Wellington Branch, for the year ended 30th September, 1953.

Canterbury Branch, for the year ended 31st October, 1953.

Otago Branch, for the year ended 31st October, 1953.

Hawke's Bay Branch, for the year ended 31st December, 1953.

Nelson Philosophical Society, for the year ended 30th September, 1953.

It would appear from the balance sheets forwarded that the Branches are complying with the financial obligations as laid down in the Society's Act, although perhaps, in the case of the Hawke's Bay Branch, some classification might be required.

Manawatu Branch: Following an instruction by the 1952 annual meeting, an endeavour was made to resuscitate the Manawatu Branch but without success. It was finally decided by the Standing Committee to authorise the late Secretary-Treasurer to wind up the Branch and hand over to the Society any monies in the Branch account and its Minute Books and that all other property of the Branch be listed so that a decision might be made regarding its disposal. A balance of £33 18s 3d was received, as well as the Minute Books, but so far the list of other property has not been received.

Prospective Member Bodies: New societies have been established in Hamilton and in Rotorua, and Dr. Archey and Professor Briggs, of the Auckland Institute, addressed each of these with a view to their affiliation as Member Bodies. The Waikato Scientific Association in Hamilton has reviewed its constitution in an endeavour to bring it into line with the requirements for Member Bodies, and the Rotorua Philosophical Society will apply for membership when it has been in existence for a year, a requirement under the Royal Society Act. In each case these societies intend to change their titles to the Waikato and Rotorua Branches of the Society as soon as they become affiliated.

Fellowship. There is only one vacancy in the Fellowship to be filled at the annual meeting in May. Five nominations were received from Member Bodies, and voting papers were sent to the Fellows on the 30th November, and the result of the voting has been notified to the Fellowship Selection Committee for report to the annual meeting.

Fellowship Representation on the Council: The term of office of the two representatives on the Council expired on the 31st March, 1954, and in accordance with the rules laid down Fellows were asked to make their nominations for a further term, but with little better result than previously, not more than ten Fellows responding, with three nominations. Voting papers were sent out to Fellows and approximately thirty-five were returned. The Hon Returning Officer has reported on the result of the voting.

Fellowship Nomination Method: The Otago Branch considers that the present method of nominating Fellows could be improved upon, and it has submitted some suggestions. The

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Standing Committee decided to allow Member Bodies to consider these proposals, and the matter has been placed on the Agenda for the annual meeting.

Hector Award: The President, Dr. Oliver, had been invited by the Otago Branch to give an illustrated address on New Forms of Plants and Animals in New Zealand in October, and this was made the occasion of the presentation to Dr. L. E. Richdale of the Hector Medal and Prize awarded to him at the last annual meeting.

In presenting the medal, Dr. Oliver said that Dr. Richdale had lived with birds, he had published many important papers and books, and had added a new branch of ornithology— a study of bird behaviour.

Hutton Grants. The following applications for grants from the Hutton Find were approved:— Mr. J. W. Dawson, £40, for expenses in collecting specimens of the genus Anisotome in the South Island and in Stewart Island; Dr. M. Naylor, £15, for work on algae; Mr. J. D. Campbell, £20, for work on N.Z. Triassic and Jurassic Brachiopods.

The Royal Society of N.Z. and Other Scientific Societies. A conference of representatives of scientific societies was held on the 27th July in the Lecture Hall, Dominion Museum. The Royal Society was represented by Dr. Archey, Dr. Oliver, Mr. Callaghan. Dr. Falla, and Dr. H. H. Allan.

Dr. Archey was in the chair, and in his opening remarks stated that the meeting had been called to discuss various ideas as to how, if it were considered desirable, the Royal Society could be more closely linked with other scientific societies in the Dominion. The discussion was of a preliminary nature only, and centred round alternative ways in which a closer association might be attained as follows:—

A Federation of Societies.

An Association of Scientific Societies.

Additional Member Bodies.

It was clear that many of the societies represented would not consider any method whereby their autonomy would be affected, while some others were prepared to come under the aegis of the Royal Society.

In summing up, Dr. Archey stated that it was apparent that no definite conclusion could be reached, but a record of the meeting would be sent to participating societies for then consideration and contributions to further discussions on the subject.

The Science Congress Committee has made provision for a symposium on the organisation of science in New Zealand and the above preliminary meeting of societies may provide profitable material for debate.

Eighth N.Z. Science Congress. The Auckland Institute having under taken the organisation of the Eighth Science Congress. the amount of £150 allocated by the Society was sent to its committee.

The original dates for the Congress were found to clash with another fixture which would affect hotel accommodation, and the dates were altered to 17th to 22nd May, the annual meeting being fixed for the 15th May.

Proceedings of the Congress: The Standing Committee was approached regarding the question of publishing the Congress volume, and it passed the following motion.—

The Standing Committee approves:

  • (a) The policy of publishing in the Proceedings the Presidential Addresses to the Congress and to the Sections and the public lectures to be delivered by Professor Oliphant and Dr. R. N. Robertson.

  • (b) The appointment of a local editor.

  • (c) That the limit of financial liability which the Royal Society can assume for the publication be £500, any excess being a charge against Congress funds.

  • (d) That the edited copy be submitted to the Royal Society for publication so that it may be printed as an additional part of the Transactions with pagination in sequence.

Eighth Pacific Science Congress. Early in May of last year the Hon. Minister was approached for financial assistance in sending a delegation to Manila to the Eighth Pacific Science Congress, and the annual meeting expressed its hope that a delegation of not less than eighth members be sent. In the meantime Cabinet had agreed to the Society's giant being increased, but as the budget presented to the Hon. Minister when asking for an increase made no provision for expenses for overseas conferences it was felt that funds should not be diverted

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from the original purpose stated in the budget. The Government was again approached for assistance in sending a delegation. The Hon. Minister replied that a substantial increase in the grant for the Royal Society having been obtained, he felt it would be unwise to press for further funds, but that he would approve of a small portion of the grant being utilised in sending a delegate to the Congress. In the meantime invitations had been extended to Dr. Falla and to Dr. Archey by the Organising Committee of the Manila Congress and the Committee also intimated that hospitality would be extended to six other delegates.

At a meeting of the Standing Committee on the 18th August, the President, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, was appointed to represent the Society at the Congress, and it was agreed to meet his travelling expenses.

The Society's official delegation appointed was Dr. Oliver, Dr. Falla, Dr. Archey, Dr. H. D. Skinner, and Mr. J. Healy, and in addition Dr. R. S. Duff, Mr. A. W. B. Powell, and Mr. H. S. Gibbs attended the Congress and Congress hospitality was made available to them.

A report from Dr. Oliver, Dr. Falla and Dr. Archey is appended.

Pacific Science Association. The Standing Committee agreed to an amendment to the Constitution of the Pacific Science Association to the effect that international organisations promoting or engaged in scientific work with implications in the Pacific may be admitted to membership of the Association on the invitation of the Pacific Science Council constituted under Article 4.

Secretariat: The future of the Pacific Science Council Secretariat maintenance came under review. Since its establishment it had been maintained by the balance of the 1949 Unesco Congress grant and by some of the United States national scientific organisations, but those funds were now exhausted, and the Pacific Science Association now proposed to call on the adhering bodies to undertake the financing of the Secretariat. After some full discussion at a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 4th November, delegates attending the Congress were briefed to express the opinion that expenses in the Secretariat should be substantially reduced; that the 7% allocation suggested for New Zealand was the same as that for Australia, and therefore out of proportion; that it will be recommended to the annual meeting that the annual allocation to the Pacific Science Secretariat be £120.

At a meeting of the Pacific Science Council in Manila retrenchment was agreed upon. Mr. Loring Hudson, Executive Secretary, has resigned, and Miss Brenda Bishop, who had been assistant secretary, has been appointed in his place.

Proceedings of the Seventh Pacific Science Congress: This year it is possible to report that the seven volumes of the Seventh Pacific Science Congress have been printed and distributed. The final costs of printing are not yet available, as the account for Volume 6 (the last to be printed) has not yet been received, but the balance sheet sets out the position at the 31st March.

This has been a long and worrying effort, and the sincere thanks and warm appreciation of the Society are extended to the General Editor, Dr. R. S. Allan, the Sectional Editors, and especially to the Business Editor, Dr. J. Marwick, for their arduous work in carrying it through successfully. Grateful thanks are again extended to the Government for the additional grant of £8,500, which made the printing of the full Proceedings possible. It is anticipated that the final cost will be covered by the grant.

Address to Scientists by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh. The Royal Tour Committee invited the Royal Society to undertake the organisation of the meeting of scientists to be addressed by H. R.H the Duke of Edinburgh and a luncheon to follow. The meeting was held on the 13th January in the Lecture Hall of the Dominion Museum, and it was representative of all Scientific Societies, the University, Government Departments, the Services and of Industries.

After the address a luncheon party of sixty guests was held in the Blue Room, in the National Art Gallery.

The President, Dr. Oliver, was in the chair, and His Excellency the Governor-General was present. His Royal Highness brought a message of goodwill greetings from the President of the Royal Society of London, and the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and Dr. Oliver replied on behalf of the Society.

The address was broadcast, and it was later published as the Society's Bulletin No. 4. Three specially bound presentation copies were prepared, of which one, for the Society's records, has been autographed by His Royal Highness, one copy has been presented to him,

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and he has requested additional copies, and the other presentation copy has been presented to the Hon. Mr. Algie, Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research.

National Collections. In accordance with the instructions of the annual meeting, action was taken to bring the report of the National Collections Sub-Committe before the appropriate authorities, together with resolutions carried at the last annual meeting. Later a deputation attended a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum with a view to stressing the need for appointment of a senior entomologist and a senior botanist to the Dominion Museum. The deputation was well received, and it was felt that it would accomplish something.

On the 9th October, Mr. Callaghan presented to the Standing Committee a report which was “a follow on” to that submitted by the sub-committee and designed to stimulate action towards promoting a sound policy in regard to national collections of natural history in New Zealand. This was referred to the Sub-committee for further action and report.

National Trust and Historical and Archaeological Sites. During the year consideration was given to proposed legislation covering this subject, and a deputation interviewed the Hon. Minister to place before him the Society's views. Later, further discussions were held with the Ministers concerned, and the majority of the Historical Societies expressed the opinion that Public Reserves and Historical Sites requited separate legislation. The Lands Department then finalised its Reserves and Domains Act, 1953, a copy of which was received from the Under Secretary for Lands. A Bill based on Mr. D. M. Rae's National Historic Places Bil is now in the Drafting Office, and should be placed before Parliament in the coming session.

National Parks. The resolutions carried at the last annual meeting were forwarded to the National Parks Authority, and were further discussed at the meeting of the Standing Committee which the Hon Minister had attended. He was informed that the Royal Society considered it might be able to assist the Authority on the scientific side. At this meeting the Society's representative on the Authority reported that consideration was being given to creating Mt. Cook a National Park and an aerial survey had also been made of a large part of the Urewera district with a similar aim in view. Beyond an acknowledgment and a promise that consideration would be given to the Society's resolutions and report, no further comment has been received from the National Parks Authority.

White Island. Further to a paragraph in last year's report it is now reported that in September White Island was gazetted a private scenic reserve “preserving to the owner or his successors in title the right to do any act or thing forbidden by Section 4 of the Scenery Preservation Act.”

Exchange List. It was agreed by the Standing Committee that the Bulletins of the Society commencing with Bulletin No. 4 be sent to all Exchanges and to the Hon. Members.

International Council of Scientific Unions. In view of the proposed annual contribution to the Pacific Science Council Secretariat the question of the Society's other commitments to overseas organizations was raised.

The I. C.S U. intimated after its last General Assembly, at which Dr. Marsden represented the Royal Society of New Zealand, that the subscription of adhering bodies to the Council was to be increased from £58 to £70 sterling for the year 1954–55. In view of the fact that the Society had previously objected to the steadily increasing subscription and had suggested a sliding scale of subscriptions a further protest was made. Dr. Marsden reported that the Society's suggestion was to come up for consideration at the next General Assembly of the Unions. At a meeting of the Standing Committee on the 2nd March it was resolved that the question of withdrawing from the I.C. S. U. be referred to the Annual Meeting for consideration.

Overseas Conferences. Dr. H. B. Fell, of Victoria University College Zoology Department, and Dr. Brian Bary, at present in England, were appointed to represent the Royal Society at the Zoological Congress in Copenhagen Dr. Fell's report is appended.

Anzaas: Sir Theodore Rigg, Professor N. E. Odell and Mr. J. W. Brodie were appointed to represent the Royal Society at the Canberra Meeting of the Anzaas

International Botanical Congress: An invitation to the International Botanical Congress to be held in Paris this year has been received.

Pan Indian Ocean Scientific Association: The second congress of this association is to be held in Western Australia in August of this year, and an invitation to attend has been received.

Arising out of the difficulty in obtaining funds from the Government for a delegation to the Eighth Pacific Science Congress in Manila, the Standing Committee approved the following

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recommendation to the annual meeting: “That it be a recommendation to the Annual Meeting in May that a special fund, to be known as the “Overseas Congress Fund,” be set up, and that this fund be added to each year by an amount to be determined at each Annual Meeting, the fund to be used on suitable occasions to meet the expenses of senior officers of the Society asked to act as representatives of the Society at overseas congresses.”

Travelling Expenses for A. N. Z. A. A. S. Meetings It was reported that Australia was well treated in regard to the provision of travelling expenses for delegates attending the ANZAAS meetings and that measures should be taken for obtaining similar assistance for delegates from New Zealand.

A memorandum on the subject was drawn up and submitted to Member Bodies for consideration, and the matter will be discussed at the Annual Meeting in May.

A.N.Z.A.A.S. There is a proposal that the 1957 ANZAAS Meeting be held in Dunedin. It would synchronise with the time and place of the next N.Z. Science Congress. The question of foregoing the N.Z. Congress meeting in favour of the ANZAAS Meeting will come up for discussion at the Annual Meeting.

Fuel and Power Utilization. Further efforts were made to ascertain what action had been taken regarding this report. The Hon. Minister in charge of the State Hydro-Electric Department replied that “after consideration of the report and the Society's recommendation that a co-ordinating authority be set up. the conclusion was reached that such an authority should not be set up” The Sub-committee which drew up the report was advised accordingly.

Rutherford Memorial. Following a report from Dr. Bastings on his interviews with the Royal Society of London, an endeavour was made to ascertain if the Canterbury Appeal Committee was carrying on as a permanent committee. The Registrar of Canterbury College wrote stating that the Christchurch Committee was to consider setting up a permanent committee, but the Society has not been informed what action was taken.

Sir Peter Buck Memorial. The Royal Society was invited to be associated with the proposed memorials to the late Sir Peter Buck and Dr. Falla and Mr. J. D. H. Buchanan were appointed to represent the Society on the Dominion Advisory Council, and Dr. Falla was appointed to act on the National Executive in Wellington. A short report by Dr. Falla is appended.

Unesco. Dr. E. I. Robertson was appointed to fill the vacancy on the Unesco Science Sub-committee in succession to the late Dr. E. R. Cooper.

Loder Cup. Mrs Perrin Moncrieff was nominated by the Standing Committe and it is understood that she was the successful nominee.

London Agency. Messis. Wheldon&Wesley Ltd. gave up the London Agency for the Society's publications, and the High Commissioners Office has taken over the unsold publications.

Geophysical Year. At the request of the Intel Council of Scientific Unions a Special Committee in connection with the International Geophysical Year 1957–58 was set up with Dr. Barnett as Chairman.

Ageing of Samples by C.14 Method. Dr. Falla (convener), Professor Watson Munro, Professor H. D. Gordon and Professor Cotton were appointed a sub-committee to allot priorities for the D.S.I.R. Department.

The President moved the adoption of the report of the Standing Committee. Seconded by Mr. Callaghan.

In considering the report the following matters came up for discussion: —

Finances: Some comment on the financial clause in the Society's Act and the proposed amendment of the wording suggested by D.S.I.R. led to a general discussion of the Society's finances. Professor Briggs said he would like to press for some action in making the Society independent of a Government Department.

Mr. Callaghan explained that under Parliamentary procedure all votes for grants had to be administered by a department, but if an Act stated a specific amount that amount had to be paid by the controlling department. His opinion now was that it might be better to leave the amount stated in the Act at a nominal

– x –

amount and depend on the good offices of the D.S.I.R. for the remainder of the grant.

Professor Richardson stated that the output of the Transactions was still at depression level, and he envisaged a much greater volume arising out of major researches and an enlarging body of graduates engaged in preparing theses of doctorate level.

Mr. Callaghan said he would like to think of the Society having sufficient means to extend its work beyond publication; that it could undertake research projects which were not properly the concern of the D.S.I.R. He referred to some of the various researches undertaken in the past through a Government Grant administered by the Royal Society. The question of financing delegates to overseas congresses should also not be overlooked. After some further discussion it was resolved on the motion of Dr. Salmon, seconded by Professor Richardson—

“That the Standing Committee be directed to conduct an investigation into the overall finances of the Society and prepare a budget for a period of at least five years, and in consultation with the Member Bodies report on the functions of the Society.”

At this point Professor Richardson said the Standing Committee would be grateful for comments by Member Bodies on the foregoing matter as on other matters referred to them.

Dr. Falla said that Member Bodies might be better able to comment if a draft of proposals was presented to them as a guide.

Submission of Papers for Transactions. Notice of motion re alteration of rules having been given, Professor Richardson moved and Dr. Salmon seconded—

“That the rules covering the submission of papers to the Society for publication be altered so that in addition to the present means for the submission of papers, authors will be permitted to send their papers for printing directly to the Editor.”

Professor Briggs, seconded by Mr. Pycroft, moved an amendment—

“That the recommended procedure should be for an author to submit his paper directly to the Secretary of the Royal Society, who will acknowledge it and also notify the member branch concerned. The paper should then be referred to a Publications Committee, who will then decide to which two referees the paper should be sent. When accepted for publication the paper should then be sent to the Editor.”

In speaking to this amendment Professor Briggs said that he thought the ruling that papers should go through a Member Body was archaic, but that papers should be sent direct to the Society's office and secretary, who would then pass them on, and he outlined his reasons for this method of procedure.

Dr. Salmon pointed out that a two-fold matter was involved; first the matter as to whether papers should go through Member Bodies should be disposed of. Professor Briggs then moved and Dr. Salmon seconded, and it was carried—

“That it is no longer necessary for authors to submit papers for the Transactions through Member Bodies.”

In reply to an objection from the Otago Branch, it was pointed out that the old method could be retained if desired, it was only no longer mandatory.

It was then decided to take the amendment in two sections, and Professor Briggs moved, Mr. Pycroft seconded—

– xi –

“That papers should be submitted through the Secretary of the Society.”

On being put to the meeting the amendment was lost.

Professor Briggs then moved, Mr. Pycroft seconded—

“That the papers should be submitted to an editorial committee, who will then decide to which two referees the paper should be sent.”

On being put to the meeting the amendment was lost.

The resolution proposed by Professor Richardson, seconded by Dr. Salmon, was then put to the meeting and carried.

Handbooks of Native Fauna and Flora. The Wellington Branch drew attention to the necessity for the publication of handbooks on native fauna and flora. On the motion of Dr. Salmon, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, the matter was referred back to the Standing Committee to decide on a course of action.

Member Bodies. It was announced by the President that the Waikato Scientific Association, having revised its rules in compliance with the rules laid down for Member Bodies and having been in existence more than the required period now applied for affiliation with the Royal Society of New Zealand Dr. Davies, representing the Waikato Scientific Association, thanked the Royal Society for extending an invitation to the meeting.

Mr. J. Healy, of the Rotorua Philosophical Society, also expressed his Society's appreciation of the invitation to the meeting. He thanked the Society for sending Dr. Archey and Professor Briggs to assist them in establishing the Society which was proving very successful. It had not yet been in existence for a year, but it was hoped to be able to fulfil the obligations necessary for affiliation.

On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Mr. Pycroft, it was resolved that the Waikato Scientific Association be welcomed as a Membor Body. It was decided that Volume 82 of the Transactions be made available to the newly elected Member Body.

Fellowship Nomination Method. Dr. D. A. Brown submitted proposals from the Otago Branch to substitute the present method of nominating Fellows, and he moved and Miss Brewin seconded that the proposals be adopted.

Several members spoke against the proposals, and on being put to the meeting the motion was lost.

Pacific Science Secretariat. On the motion of Mr. Callaghan, seconded by Dr. Falla, it was resolved that £120 be contributed to the Pacific Science Association Secretariat.

White Island. Mr. Pycroft asked for some explanation regarding the gazetting of White Island as a scenic reserve. Dr. Oliver supplied the required information.

Eighth N. Z. Science Congress Proceedings. Professor Briggs raised the point of the liability for the publication of the Proceedings of the Eighth Congress as the Standing Committee had stated that it could not contribute more than £500 towards the cost. It was not possible to assess what credit balance there would be in Congress funds to meet the remainder of the cost After a brief discussion Dr. Falla stated that the Standing Committee had expressed its views because £500 was the amount budgeted for annually for Bulletins or Congress Proceedings, but he thought that any small additional amount that might be required to meet the cost of the publication of the Proceedings might be met by negotiation with the Hon. Minister.

– xii –

International Council of Scientific Unions. Mr. Callaghan said he had looked through the printed matter and reports supplied by the ICSU, and it appeared that New Zealand was one of the first members of the Unions. He considered it might be unwise at the present time to resign as an adhering body to the Unions. A sliding scale of subscriptions was to be considered at the General Assembly in 1955. After some discussion it was resolved, on the motion of Mr. Callaghan—

“That the Society pay the subscription for this year and that pressure be made to obtain a reduction of the present flat rate of subscription, namely £70.”

Overseas Conference Fund. A recommendation from the Standing Committee that an Overseas Congress Fund be set up and that this Fund be added to each year by an amount to be determined at each annual meeting, the Fund to be used on suitable occasions to meet the expenses of senior officers of the Society asked to act as representatives of the Society at overseas Congresses was discussed. On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Dr. Salmon, it was resolved—

“That an Overseas Congress Fund be established.”

Mr. Callaghan suggested that the matter be referred to the Finance Committee for inclusion in the budget to the Hon. Minister.

Professor Briggs thought that Member Bodies should be asked to contribute to the Fund.

Travelling Expenses ANZAAS Meetings. The memorandum prepared by Dr. Salmon was before the meeting for consideration.

After some explanation it was resolved on the motion of Dr. Salmon, seconded by Professor Richardson—

“That we approve the principle and refer to the Standing Committee for action.”

Anzaas 1957 Meeting. The President read a letter from Sir Theodore Rigg which stated that the approval of some 14 scientific societies and institutions in New Zealand which are affiliated with ANZAAS concerning the holding of and support of the proposed ANZAAS Meeting in 1957 in New Zealand, must be obtained as well as the approval of the 10 ANZAAS Council members resident in New Zealand, and a deputation representing the more important scientific societies and the University of Otago should wait on the Government to secure a promise of financial assistance for the proposed Dunedin Meeting. Sir Theodore Rigg asked that the Royal Society support the proposed meeting in Dunedin, and at a later stage authorise its President to act on a deputation to wait on the Government for financial assistance.

On the motion of Mr. Callaghan, seconded by Dr. Falla, it was resolved that the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand support an invitation to the ANZAAS to hold its 1957 meeting in Dunedin.

As 1957 would be the normal year for the Ninth New Zealand Science Congress it was resolved on the motion of Professor Briggs seconded by Professor R. S. Allan—

“That if the 1957 ANZAAS Meeting is held in New Zealand the next New Zealand Science Congress be held in six years time.”

Fuel and Power Report. Dr. Brown supported a resolution of the Otago Branch to the effect that the Society should press the Government for action along the

– xiii –

lines suggested in the Society's Fuel and Power Utilization Report, 1951. After letters from the Minister in charge of State Hydro-Electricity Department had been read and Mr. Cory Wright, a member of the original committee, had reported on the motion, it was resolved that no action be taken.

Rutherford Memorial. Professor R. S. Allan, a member of the Canterbury Rutherford Appeal Committee, said that the Registrar of Canterbury College had written to the Royal Society of London asking it to name an appropriate body to function in connection with the Rutherford Lectures.

After some discussion, on the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Professor Allan, it was revolved—

“That the Royal Society of New Zealand indicate to the Royal Society of London the need for a permanent committee in this country for arranging Rutherford Memorial Lectures here and offer itself for this duty.”

Sir Peter Buck Memorial. Dr. Falla, representative of the Society on the Dominion Advisory Council and on the National Executive set up in connection with the Sir Peter Buck Memorial plans, reported as follows on the proposed memorials:—

Meetings convened by Mr. A. B. Witten-Hannah have been held, and the National Executive has completed arrangements for the erection of a memorial at Okoke Pa, Taranaki. This should be completed by May 31. and dedicated and unveiled shortly after. All funds for this have been subscribed by the Maori people It has been decided that the other aspect of the Memorial will take the form of a Scholarship Fund Details are in the hands of subcommittees, and the Dominion Advisory Committee is to consider them at a meeting on May 13.

The report of the Standing Committee was adopted.

Report of Hanorary Treasure for the Year Ended 31st March, 1954.

I have the honour to present the Balance Sheet and Statement of Accounts, subject to audit, for the year ended 31st March, 1954.

The increase of our Government grant to £4,000 for the past year has enabled the Society to meet the cost of a full volume of Transactions consisting of four parts, and also the commitments approved under the new budget with a small margin.

To maintain these commitments for the current year the Society must anticipate a continuation of the Government grant at not less than £4.000.

The expenses of £124 10s 11d incurred for the luncheon to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh have now been refunded to the Society by the Department of Internal Affairs.

Trust Funds are in a satisfactory condition. The Endowment Fund shows a revenue for the year of £127 18s 10d, which can be allocated if desired to current expenses. As the Library will require extra costs this year for reorganization and for a Librarian, I recommend that approval be given to use this £127, if required.

Member Bodies' reports indicate that they are complying with their financial obligations.

The Seventh Pacific Science Congress accounts show that the present Balance is £2,535. which will cover the balance of printing costs with some margin.

S. Cory Wright

Honorary Treasurer.

– xiv –

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The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Statement of Receipts and Payments for the Year Ended 31St March, 1954.
Receipts. Payments
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Balance at 31st March, 1953 1,885 0 6 Otago Daily Times. Transaction, 80 (¾); 81 (1,2,3), etc. 2,544 3 11
Annual Government Grant 4.000 0 0
Levy on Volumes 80 and S1 439 10 0 Salary 550 0 0
Sales of Publications 119 6 8 Travelling Expenses 54 4 3
Travelling Expenses: Member Bodies' Share 31 6 3 Stationery 24 4 11
Balance refunded from 1951 N.Z. Science Congress Com. 39 8 3 Union List of Periodicals 3 10 6
Balance of Funds from late Manawatu Broach 33 18 3 Subscription Inter. Council Scientific Unions 58 15 4
Balance of Research Grant refunded 0 6 6 Petty Cash (Secretary and Hon. Editor) 38 2 1
Endowment Fund, Interest 127 18 10 President's Trav. Exs. to Eighth Pac. Sci. Congress 261 0 0
Hutton Memorial Fund, Interest 63 15 4 Hon. Editor's Honorarium 50 0 0
Hector Memorial Fund, Interest 51 7 9 H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh's Meeting and Luncheon with Scientists 124 10 11
T. K. Sidey Summer-Time Fund, Interest 23 19 4
Plant Diseases Trust, Interest 20 6 4 Hutton Research Giants 72 12 5
Cockayne Memorial Fund, Interest 12 18 0 Hector Prize 50 1 3
Carter Library Legacy 7 1 11 Engraving Medals 1 16 0
Hamilton Memorial Fund, Interest 2 7 6 Science Congress Grant to Auckland Institute 150 0 0
Transfer from Trust Funds to General Account 100 0 2 Addressograph and Plates 13 18 11
Charges (Bank. Insurance, Cartage, Telephone. etc.) 26 10 3
Interest paid direct to Trust Accounts 136 14 2
Transfer from General Account to Trust Accounts 12 10 0
Balance as Under 2,785 16 8
£6,958 11 7 £6,958 11 7

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£ s. d.
Bank of New Zealand 1.364 15 1
Less Unpaid Cheques 709 1 5
655 13 8
Post Office Savings Bank 2,126 7 11
Petty Cash in Hand 3 15 1
£2,785 16 8
– xv –

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The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Statement of Assets and Liabilities at 31st March, 1954.
Liabilities. £ s. d. Assets £ s. d.
Hector Memorial Fund, Capital Account 1,184 18 1 Hector Memorial Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £1,250) 1,184 18 1
Hector Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 33 3 1
Hutton Memorial Fund, Capital Account 1,506 8 6 Hector Memorial Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 33 3 1
Hutton Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 343 12 5
Sidey Summer-Time Fund, Capital Account 559 9 5 Summer-Time Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £510) 500 2 6
Sidey Summer-Time Fund, Revenue Account 115 13 2
Plant Diseases Trust, Capital Account 542 13 5 Hutton Memorial Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £1,570) 1,506 8 6
Plant Diseases Trust, Revenue Account 197 10 5 Hutter memorial fund: Post office soney Accrent 343 12 5
Cockayne Memorial Fund, Capital Account 249 12 0 Summer-Time Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £510) 500 2 6
Cockayne Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 122 16 1
Hamilton Memorial Fund, Capital Account 84 8 3 Summer-Time Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 175 0 1
Hamilton Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 2 17 4 Plant Diseases: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £500) 500 0 0
Carter Library Legacy, Capital Account 162 19 0 Plant Diseases: Post Office Savings Bank Account 240 3 10
Carter Library Legacy, Revenue Account 61 11 5 Cockayne Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £260) 249 12 0
Endowment Fund, Capital Account 2,636 2 5 Cockayne Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 122 16 1
Endowment Fund, Revenue Account 185 0 10 Hamilton Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £60) 60 0 0
Research Grants Fund 35 7 4 Hamilton Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 27 5 7
Publication Expenses Fund 283 12 7 Carter Library: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £160) 162 19 0
Library Binding Fund 210 13 0 Carter Library: Post Office Savings Bank Account 61 11 5
Otago Daily Times Co. Ltd 251 0 0 Endowment Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £2670) 2,636 2 5
Government Printer 15 17 0 Endowment Fund: Part P.O.S.B. General Account 185 0 10
N.Z. Science Congress Fund 39 8 3 Sundry Debtors 367 15 6
Manawatu Branch Fund 33 18 3 Bank of New Zealand 655 13 8
Accounts in Credit 4 16 1 Post Office Savings Bank 1,941 7 1
Balance of Assets over Liabilities 2,093 18 10 Petty Cash in Hand 3 15 1
£10,957 7 2 £10,957 7 2

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Property Assets: Estimated and Insured Value.
Est. Value. Ins. Value.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Library and Stack Room, V.U.C. 11,592 12 0 4,500 0 0
Furniture 95 12 6 40 0 0
Stock in Storeroom, Parliament Buildings 500 0 0
Carter Library, Dominion Museum (jointly owned with Museum) 500 0 0

S. Cory Wright,
Honorary Treasure.

– xvi –

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The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Statement of Income and Expenditure for the Year Ended 31st March, 1954.
Expenditure. Income.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Printing Transaction, 80 (¾), 81 (1, 2, 3) and Blocks of Bulletin 5 and Vol. 82 (1) 2,795 3 11 By Balance at 31st March, 1953 1,436 6 6
By Annual Government Grant 4,000 0 0
" Stationery 40 1 11 By Levy Volume 81 421 17 4
" Addressograph and Plates 13 18 11 By Sales of Publication 86 13 3
" Salary 550 0 0 By Interest from Endowment Fund voted at Annual Meeting, 1953 100 0 0
" Annual Subscription Inter. Council Sci. Unions 58 15 4
" Charges and Petty Cash 60 12 4 By Trust Funds Administrations Expenses 5 2 6
" Travelling Expenses 22 18 0
" Union List of Periodicals 3 10 6
" Library Binding Fund Allocation 50 0 0
" Science Congress Fund Allocation 50 0 0
Editor's Honorarium 50 0 0
" President's Travelling Expenses to Eighth Pacific Science Congress, Manila 261 0 0
" Balance 2,093 18 10
£6,049 19 9 £6,049 19 9
– xvii –

The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Trust Funds for The Year Ended 31st March, 1954.

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Hector Memorial Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Prize (Dr. Richdale) 50 1 3 By Capital Invested 1,184 18 1
" Engraving Medal 0 18 0 By Balance Revenue Account 31/3/53 34 9 7
" Administration Expenses 1 15 0
" Balance 1,218 1 2 By Interest 51 7 9
£1,270 15 5 £1,270 15 5
By Balance Capital Account £1,184 18 1
By Balance Revenue Account £33 3 1

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Hutton Memorial Fund
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Hutton Grants 72 12 5 By Capital Invested 1,506 8 6
" Engraving Hutton Medal 0 18 0 By Balance Revenue Account 31/3/53 355 2 6
" Administration Expenses 1 15 0
" Balance 1,850 0 11 By Interest 63 15 4
£1,925 6 4 £1,925 6 4

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T. K. Sidey Summer-Time Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Administration Expenses 1 15 0 By Capital Invested 557 1 6
" Balance 675 2 7 By Balance Revenue Account 31/3/53 95 16 9
By Interest Revenue Account £21 11 5
By Interest Capital Account 2 7 11
23 19 4 £676 17 7

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Plant Diseases Trust.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Administration Expenses 0 7 6 By Capital Invested and P.O. 542 13 5
Balance 740 3 10 By Balance Revenue Account, 31/3/53 177 11 7
By Interest 20 6 4
£740 11 4 £740 11 4
– xviii –

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Cockayne Memorial Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Administration Expenses 0 7 6 By Capital Invested 249 12 0
To Balance 372 8 1 By Balance Revenue Account, 31/3/53 110 5 7
By Interest 12 18 0
£372 15 7 £372 15 7
By Balance Capital Account £249 12 0
By Balance Revenue Account £122 16 1

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Carter Library Legacy.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Administration Expenses 0 15 0 By Capital Invested and in P.O.S.B 162 19 0
To Balance 224 10 5 By Balance Revenue Account 31/3/53 55 4 6
By Interest 7 1 11
£225 5 5 £225 5 5
By Balance Capital Account £162 19 0
By Balance Revenue Account £61 11 5

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Hamilton Memorial Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Administration Expenses 0 7 6 By Capital Invested and P.O.S.B. 83 4 6
To Balance 87 5 7 By Balance Revenue Account, 31/3/53 2 1 1
By Interest Revenue £1 3 9
By Interest Capital 1 3 9
2 7 6
£87 13 1 £87 13 1
By Balance Capital Account £84 8 3
By Balance Revenue Account £2 17 4

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Endowment Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s d. £ s d.
To Administration Expenses 2 0 0 By Capital Invested 2,636 2 5
To Interest Allocated to General Purposes Annual Meeting, 1953 100 0 0 By Balance Revenue Account. 31/3/53 159 2 0
To Balance 2,821 3 3 By Interest 127 18 10
£2,923 3 3 £2,923 3 3
By Balance Capital Account £2,636 2 5
By Balance Revenue Account £185 0 10
– xix –

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The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Pacific Science Congress. Statement of Receipts and Payments For The Year Ended 31St March, 1954.
Receipts. Payments.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Balance at 31st March, 1953 8,354 2 11 Printing Vol. 2 (Geology) 1,981 8 6
Cash Sales of Proceeding 39 11 3 Printing Vol. 2 Separates 218 2 6
Sale of Reprints 54 6 4 Printing Vol. 4 (Zoology) 1,262 9 11
£8,448 0 6
Printing Vol. 5 (Botany) 1,081 9 11
Printing Vol. 5 Separates 417 6 11
Printing Vol. 7 (Anthropology) 910 1 3
Postages on Volume 5 and Reprints 23 14 0
Cartage on Volumes 3 18 6
Business Editor's Expenses 2 10 6
Audit Fee 3 0 0
Petty Cash 2 9 11
Bank Charges 1 10 0
Typing Labels 4 10 0
Balance as Under 2,535 8 7
£8,448 0 6 £8,448 0 6

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Balance at Bank of New Zealand £2,750 10 3
Less Unpresented Cheque 218 2 6
2,532 7 9
Cash in Hand 2 10 0
Petty Cash in Hand 0 10 10
£2,535 8 7

S. Cory Wright,
Honorary Treasurer.

Mr. S. Cory Wright moved the adoption of his report and the balance sheet of the Society together with that of the Seventh Pacific Science Congress.—Carried.

The amount of the current year's interest in the Endowment Fund was £12 18s 10d, and Mr. Cory Wright moved that this amount be used for general purposes. Seconded by Professor Richardson and carried.

On the motion of Professor Richardson, it was resolved that the Publication Expense Fund be closed and the amount transferred to Revenue Account for publication purposes.

Secretary's Salary. A Notice of Motion handed in earlier in the meeting was withdrawn, and on the motion of Dr. Uttley, seconded by Mr. Fenwick, it was resolved —

” That the salary of the Secretary be increased to £700 per annum as from September 15, 1953.”

Notice of Motion for 1955 Annual Meeting: Hamilton Award. “That if conditions allow, the Hamilton Memorial Prize be subsidised up to an amount of £5 and the award be made annually.”

Report of the Honorary Editor.

Volume 81 has now been printed and distributed. With the issue of Part 1 of this volume the cover and title-page were revised and the format brought more into line with present-day trends in cover design.

The Appendix has also been revised and brought up to date with the issue of Part 4.

Parts 1 and 2 of Volume 82 are now in the hands of the printer and show a considerable increase in size over the corresponding parts of Volume 81, reflecting the increased publishing facilities now offered by the Society as a result of the recently increased Government grant. The printing of papers is now keeping step with the flow of papers to the Editor, and the time lag between the date of receipt of a paper and its appearance in the Transactions has been reduced to considerably less than one year. This time could be reduced still further, probably to six months, if authors exercised more care in the preparation of their papers and checked them more carefully before submission for publication. On the average 3–4 months are occupied in the refereeing and re-checking by authors following adverse or constructive comments by referees.

And address by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh was published as Bulletin 4, and a bound copy autographed by His Royal Highness has been deposited in the Society's Library.

Bulletin 5, on the Mosses of New Zealand, by G. O. K. Sainsbury, is now well in hand, and should be issued later in the present year.

The work of editing the Society's Transactions is becoming more and more burdensome and time-consuming, and the Council will, in the not too distant future, have to give consideration to the appointment of Assistant Editors to help the Editors-in-Chief. When this time arrives it may be advisable to give consideration also to the issuing of the Transactions in two sections—Biological and Physical.

Finally, I should like to place on record the very great help I have received in this work by the various referees who so willingly give so much of their valuable time to reading authors' manuscripts and checking them for me, and I should like to pay tribute to the often exacting work performed by these people who must, perforce, remain anonymous.

J. T. Salmon


Dr. J. T. Salmon, Honorary Editor, presented his report, which was adopted.

On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Professor Briggs, it was resolved that the Council express its very sincere thanks to the Hon. Editor and to the referees.

– xxi –

On the motion of Dr. Salmon, seconded by Professor Richardson, it was resolved that the Council approves the principle of the appointment of assistant editors.

On the motion of Professor Briggs, seconded by Dr. Salmon, it was resolved that an honorarium of £25 be given to each of the assistant editors appointed.

Table of Contents: The Otago Branch had written urging that the Table of Contents in the Parts of the Transactions be printed on the outside cover of each of the parts. After some discussion, on the motion of Professor Briggs, seconded by Miss Brewin, it was resolved that the Table of Contents be printed on the back cover of the Transactions.

It was also resolved, on the motion of Miss Brewin, seconded by Dr. Brown, that the instructions to authors be printed on the inside front cover. On the motion of Dr. Falla, seconded by Miss Brewin, it was resolved that papers for the Transactions by a non-member must be communicated through a Member Body.

Indexes: The Canterbury Branch wrote suggesting that a cumulative Index of Volume 41–80 be printed. It was pointed out that there were in stock approximately 400 copies of Index 41–51 and 600 copies of Index 52–63, while there were only 6 copies left of Volumes 1–40. Index to Volumes 64–80 was in course of preparation.

On the motion of Professor Allan, seconded by Professor Richardson, it was resolved—” That the Standing Committee investigate the possibility of publishing an index to Volumes 1–80 of the Transactions.

Lunch Adjournment. The lunch adjournment was then taken, the Council being the guests of the Council of the Auckland Institute and Museum.

Afternoon Roll Call was the same as for the morning session.

Report of Honorary Librarian.

Accessions have continued essentially at the previous level, but the development of the interloan system consequent upon the distribution of the Union List, and the growth of graduate studies in the University combine to markedly increase library utilization. Recently obtained figures on the production of M.Sc. graduates in Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Physics and Zoology from the University show that from 1940 to 1953 inclusive, 576 were graduated at this level and the average annual production has increased from 25 to 46. Added to this is the increasing number of graduates at the Ph.D. level. These figures are quoted to show the nature of the growing demand on science library facilities in this country which must be catered for and which heavily involves our library among others.

The addition of a third floor to the Biology Block will provide an internal room almost the size of the present Royal Society room as an additional stack room for use by the Society. This space is to be used entirely as a stack so that with economy in arrangement our shelving will be doubled.

The Society must in the next few months provide for the cost of the new fixtures for this room, the cost of their installation and for the transfer of books from the present small stack which is to be vacated.

Accordingly in view of the growing amount of library work, the work in transfer, rearrangement and cataloguing consequent upon the move to the new stack, I urge on the Society the necessity for the immediate appointment of a full-time Librarian assistant to the Secretary, and ask that the Society make provision during this annual meeting for such appointment.

L. R. Richardson

Honorary Librarian.

– xxii –

In presenting his annual report, Professor Richardson stated that there would soon be relief for the congestion in the Library as provision for an additional room of about 24 × 30 feet, giving approximately 4,000 feet of shelving was being provided for the Society's Library in the floor now being erected on top of the Biology Building. Professor Richardson said the time had come when it was a necessity to appoint an assistant librarian.

On the motion of Professor Briggs, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, it was resolved—

“That the appointment of an assistant librarian be made in accordance with the duties involved, and the scale of salaries approved by the New Zealand Libraries' Association.”

On the motion of Professor Allan, seconded by Professor Richardson, it was resolved —

“That the N.Z. Libraries' Association be invited to report on the Society's library as a unit in the scientific library resources of the Dominion and to make recommendations for its better use.”

On the motion of Professor Richardson the report was adopted.

Report of Representative on Great Barrier Reef Committee.

One meeting of the Committee was held in 1953 (December 4).

Heron Island Marine Biological Station: Mr. Bruce Lucas reported on the progress made on the buildings. He said that the whole site was of a cavernous nature with no solid material on which to anchor. This gave rise to a problem of dealing with cyclonic winds. The foundation stone was laid by Sir John Lavarack on September 3, 1953. Discussions then took place on a proposal to organise an expedition to Low Isles in August, 1954.

Donations to the Heron Island Marine Biological Research Station to December 4, 1953, totalled £3,688 9s 2d, expenditure amounted to £2,122 11s 3d. Balance in General Account is £1,297 19s 10d.

W. R. B. Oliver

Representative on Committee.

Dr. Oliver presented his report as representative on the Committee. The report was adopted.

Report of Representatives on National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum Board of Trustees.

The past year has been marked by attempts to improve the professional staffing position at the Museum, partly arising from resolutions passed at the Annual Meeting of the Royal Society of New Zealand in 1953.

The continued unsatisfactory position mentioned in last year's report led to a suggestion from the Museum Management Committee that the Board should set up a special enquiry committee to report on the relation of the Museum to other bodies. The Board appointed Mr. H. C. McQueen and a representative of the Public Service Commission to conduct this enquiry, which is proceeding.

The attention of the Board was drawn to the increasing costs of non-professional services (cleaning, attendants, etc.) in relation to restricted and reduced professional work. The Board received from the Royal Society of New Zealand—(1) a resolution urging immediate appointment of a senior entomologist and a senior botanist, (2) the Exploratory Committee's report on National Collections, (3) a resolution urging upon Government and Local Bodies the immediate necessity of increasing their financial support to Museums. Resolution (3) had been submitted by the Society to the Right Honourable the Prime Minister, and the Minister for Internal Affairs had advised the Society that the matter of appointing additional staff would be referred to the Board for appropriate action.

On April 7, 1953, the Board received a deputation from the Royal Society of New Zealand to emphasise the need and urgency for improved professional staffing at a senior level (Pl or

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P Special). The Board forthwith amended its estimates for the year to allow for the appointment of entomologist and botanist at this level, these items already being appended to the estimates as a contingency, and further asked the Museum Management Committee to nominate a deputation to wait on the Rt. Hon. the Prime Minister and the Hon. Minister for Scientific and Industrial Research to discuss the proposed appointments.

In June 1953, the Public Service Commission indicated its desire to review the administration of the Board's two institutions, but no report has yet been received on the findings of the Commission.

The estimates for 1953–54 were in accord with the Cabinet direction that staffing must be based on 1950–51 establishment, with salaries for the recommended senior appointments added as a contingency. The Government grant was made in accordance with the Cabinet direction, without allowance for such contingency. In the meantime, the Museum Management Committee decided (November, 1953) to re-advertise the positions of Entomologist and Botanist at the original lower salary levels.

In August, 1953, Dr. C. A. Fleming was appointed to represent scientific interests on the Building and Finance Committee of the Board.

Within the limits imposed by the unsatisfactory staffing position, the Museum has had a year of notable progress in education, display, field work, and research It is appropriate to mention the liberal action of the Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History) in transferring to the Dominion Museum one of the two skins of Notornis sent to England in 1850.

The Museum also acquired by gift and purchase several important personal relies of Captain Cook.

C. A. Fleming

H. C. Mc Queen

Representatives on the Board of Trustees.

Dr. Fleming, one of the Society's representatives on the Board of Trustees, presented the report by Mr. McQueen and himself.

The question of the staffing of the Dominion Museum as far as a senior botanist and entomologist were concerned and the apparent reasons for the delay in these appointments was fully discussed, and it was agreed that the Standing Committee should continue to press for action in regard to these appointments.

Dr. Fleming said that the question of the completion of the National War Memorial was under consideration, and he would like some direction from the Council as to whether he should oppose any non-functional buildings being erected. After some discussion it was resolved, on the motion of Professor Allan, seconded by Dr. Salmon, that the delegates be authorised if they see fit to oppose any non-functional buildings.

The report was adopted.

Report of Representative on National Parks Authority.

Since the inaugural meeting, held on April 15, 1953, five meetings of the Authority have been held. Considerable progress has been made in the organisation of the parks. Park Boards and rangers have been appointed, adjustments made to the boundaries, and discussions have taken place on the control of deer and stoats.

New National Parks have been established in the Mount Cook and Urewera areas, while Mount Robert has been considered by the Authority as a suitable area for constituting a National Park.

A ten years working plan has been signed by the Minister of Forests providing for the Tararua Range being managed by the State Forest Service as a national forest park. The sawmilling licence now existing would not be renewed after it had expired. The Forest Service recommended that the Tararuas should be administered as a multiple purpose forest.

Tongariro National Park: Approval was given by the Authority for a private company to install a chair lift from the end of the road at 5,200 feet to the cinder track at 6,500 feet. The promoters propose to raise the capital required by £10 mortgage debentures (£50,000). and non-interest bearing 10/- members' shares (£2,500).

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Urewers National Park: Part of the Urewera country is to be declared a National Park. Members of he Authority viewed the area from car and plane in June, 1953, and at a meeting held subsequently recommended the immediate reservation of the watersheds of Lakes Waikaremoana and Waikareiti and areas along the road to Te Whaite, containing an aggregate of 86,800 acres.

Mount Cook National Park: An area of 151,780 acres on the eastern side of the Southern Alps, including the eastern slopes of Mounts Cook and Tasman, has, on the recommendation of the Authority, been gazetted a National Park. It contains the Mueller, Hooker, Tasman, and other large glaciers, and offers unrivalled opportunities for mountaineering, sight-seeing and alpine sports.

Arthur Pass National Park: A proposal by the Park Board to establish a Museum in the Park was approved. The object is to display the natural features of the Park by specimens, models, photographs and maps.

A brochure on the National Parks of New Zealand has been prepared, and its publication approved. It will deal with National Park development in New Zealand, legislation, park boards and other matters, and will give descriptions of each park, including the botanical features.

W. R. B. Oliver

Royal Society's Representative on the Authority.

Dr. Oliver presented his report as representative on the Authority. The report was adopted.

Miss Brewin asked whether Branches could not be represented on their local Park Boards. Dr. Oliver replied that if Branches desired representation they should approach the local Park Boards in the matter.

A discussion on matters referred to in the National Parks Authority took place and it war reported that the Authority had stated that it would give consideration to the representations of the Royal Society.

Mr. Elder explained the term “multiple purpose administration”.

On the motion of Mr. Callaghan, seconded by Dr. Salmon, it was resolved—

“That the Royal Society recommends to the National Parks Authority that provision be made each year for the scientific investigation of various problems associated with each of the Parks under its control.”

It was suggested that the resolution be strengthened by a statement that the Royal Society is anxious to be fully helpful to the National Parks Authority, and that it would be prepared to undertake any research work required by the Authority.

Professor Allan moved, and it was seconded by Professor Richardson and carried:

“That our representative on the National Parks Authority be requested to report through the Standing Committee prior to the next Annual Meeting of the Society on scientific aspects of National Park policy.”

Professor Richardson quoted figures of scientific workers available among graduates, many at Ph.D. level, fully qualified to undertake such work as was envisaged and he considered that a grant for such work given to a non-parochial, non-political body such as the Royal Society could be of the greatest benefit. Dr. Falla suggested that the National Parks Authority should make provision for research and a report on the method and details should be presented to the Standing Committee for consideration. It was pointed out that the Society would like to encourage the National Parks Authority in all its work.

Dr. Oliver was asked to press for representation of Member Bodies on Park Boards.

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National Collections. Dr. Oliver said the Committee on National Collections had been depleted by the resignation of Dr. Marwick (convener), and Dr. H. H. Allan, and he had not prepared a formal report.

Report by Representative on the Council Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture.

Conference. The Institute held its annual Conference at Hamilton on 17th February, 1954. In addition to the business session, two papers were presented during the afternoon and in the evenings Mr. M. C. Gudex delivered the Banks Lecture on “The Forest Flora of the Waikato Basin”.

The Hamilton Horticultural Society held a flower show on 16th February.

Membership and Finance. Financial membership at 30th September. 1953, was 1,853. a decrease from 2,023 in 1952. Income exceeded expenditure by £152 15s 10d.

Publications. The Institute continues to publish its Journal as part of the monthly “New Zealand Gardener,” but aims at independent publication. During the year careful consideration was given to the financial problem involved, and a start has been made in building up a capital fund to make independent publication possible, probably in two or three years.

Objectives. The Institute has been considering its objectives and future organisation for some time, and a proposal involving some decentralisation was approved by the Annual Conference. However, opinions are still much divided on this important question of policy, and it is by no means clear how far the changes will go.

Nomenclature. The Institute is co-operating with the Horticultural Division of the Department of Agriculture, and with specialist societies in implementing the recommendations of the International Committee on Horticultural Nomenclature and Registration.

Legislation. The Institute accepted invitations to contribute its views on the consolidation of legislation controlling public reserves, domains and historic places, and also on the regulations under the Poisons Act. Serious consideration has been given to the problem of market gardening areas being used for housing, and the Institute is sponsoring a study of this problem with a view to preparing an adequate case for Government action to control the use of horticultural land.

Royal Visit. The Institute presented to Her Majesty the Queen a basket of New Zealand native flowers, also a carved model of a Maori canoe for Prince Charles.

Examinations. I have continued to serve on the Institute's Examining Board, on its Committee of Moderators, and on a committee handling a comprehensive revision of prescriptions. During the year 45 students were examined in 71 papers. These included the first candidates for subjects of the new National Diploma in Fruit Culture. Most of the registered students are aiming at the National Diploma in Horticulture, but the Institute offers also a Certificate in School Gardening, and certificates for seedsmen and market gardeners are in prospect.

H. D. Gordon

Representative on the Dominion Council Royal N.Z. Institute of Horticulture

On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, it was resolved that the report submitted by Professor H. D. Gordon, the Society's representative on the Council of the Institute, be adopted, and Professor Gordon be thanked for his interest in the work and for his report.

Report of Royal Society's Representative on New Zealand Oceanographic Committee.

During the past year the Committee has continued to exercise its liaison functions by circulating news sheets, publications lists and other documents among New Zealand oceanographers and by sponsoring discussions of oceanographic topics as part of the agenda at its six-monthly meetings which were attended by Mr. J. C. Grover (Chief Geologist, British Solomon Islands Protectorate), and Dr. C. B. Officer, Woods Hole, U.S.A as visitors.

The committee was represented at the Eighth Pacific Science Congress at Manila, November, 1953, by Mr. A. W. B. Powell, who presented a report on New Zealand Oceanography, 1949–1953, and a Bibliography of New Zealand Oceanography compiled by the committee. Following

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the 1953 tsunami at Suva, the Committee set up a sub-committee to report to the Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research on the desirability and feasibility of establishing a tsunami warning system for the south-west Pacific. Wellington members discussed research policy with Mr. W. R. Cook, Chief of the Royal Naval Scientific Service, daring his visit to New Zealand early in 1954.

Financed by a grant given on the Committee's recommendation, Mr. G. A. Knox, Canterbury University College, led an Oceanographic Expedition to the Chatham Islands between January 22 and February 12, 1954. The expedition, staffed by scientists from Canterbury University College, Canterbury Museum, Dominion Museum, Portobello Marine Biological Station, and Oceanographic Observatory, D.S.I.R., Wellington, obtained notable records of the hydrology and submarine morphology between Canterbury and the Chatham Islands, and made biological sediment collections from depths of 2 to 330 fathoms. The preliminary results suggest that the expedition has made the greatest contribution to knowledge of the New Zealand marine fauna of intermediate ocean depths since the Challenger Expedition, 1874.

C. A. Fleming

Representative of the Royal Society of New Zealand on the New Zealand Oceanographic Committee.

Dr. Fleming presented his report as representative on the Oceanographic Committee, which was adopted, and Dr. Fleming thanked.

Reports of Hutton Grantees.

Mr. J. D. Campbell, was granted £20 for research in N.Z. Triassic and Jurassic Brachiopods in 1951. He reported on the 20th April that further collecting of Mesozoic Brachiopoda from Nelson localities was carried out during December, and in December and January of this year collections were made from Nugget Point and Western Hokonui Hills localities Travelling expenses amounting to £8 6s 6d, and this amount exhausting the grant, application was made and approved for an additional £20 from the Hutton Fund.

Mr. V. J. Cook was granted £30 for research on Cyperaceae in 1949. He reported last year that he had presented a paper on N.Z. Scupus and Carex, for inclusion in the Transactions. No expenditure was incurred during the past year.

Mr. J. W. Dawson, who was granted £40 in March, 1954, for collecting specimens of the genus Anisotome reported on the 13th April that between November and March of this year he had collected specimens in Mt. Arthur Tableland, Arthur's Pass, Central Otago, Fiordland. Stewart Island and in the Ruahines in the North Island.

In each area Mr. Dawson was able to collect living plants and in addition seeds and material for pressing and preservation. As a result of these field trips he has now material of 13 of the 20 species of Anisotome and he hopes to obtain the remaining species during the next few months. So far he has used £26 of the grant.

Mr. Maxell Gage, who in 1951 was granted £25 for research on the glaciers of Canterbury and Westland, asked permission to surrender the grant because of his prolonged stay in the United States, and that he had not had the opportunity to avail himself of the grant for the purpose for which it was to have been used. He hopes later to apply for another grant for work of a different character although within the same phase of geology.

Mr. B. H. Mason, who in 1953 was granted £100 for a geological survey of igneous rock in the inland Kaikoura Mountains, reported on the 23rd April two weeks were spent in the field, during which a complete traverse of the Clarence Valley from the Acheron River to the sea was carried out. This was made possible by the acquisition of a suitable boat, which enabled the ground to be covered rapidly. During the trip the igneous rocks were accurately localised and a detailed survey of much of the area was made.

Another week was spent in the field in the middle Clarence Valley, and a survey was made of the igneous rocks in the upper valleys of the Swale and Mead streams. After this work was completed a rapid reconnaissance was made of the occurrences of igneous rocks on the western side of the Inland Kaikoura Mountains. The field work on the project is practically completed and laboratory work on the specimens will be carried out during the coming year. Expenses to date amount to £57 15s.

Miss I. Jolly, who was granted £90 for an investigation of the plankton of New Zealand lakes reported on the 27th April that three further field trips had been made to the Southern Lakes during the past year, specimens taken with water samples for chemical analysis and records made of physical data connected with the productivity of lakes.

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The wire rope has proved a great asset, enabling apparatus to be used in the deeper lakes where sampling has not been possible before. A temperature survey over the greater part of Lake Wakatipu provided the first seasonal records made on any deep lake in the Southern Hemisphere. The apparatus and equipment purchased with the grant are still in good order. It is hoped to continue the work next summer. Expenditure during the year was £22 15s Sd.

Dr. Margaret Naylor, who was granted £15 in March, 1954, for research on algae, has reported that the grant enabled her to visit Russell, Auckland and Wellington, where she was able to consult the Herbaria of Mr. V. W. Lindauer, Mr. R. M. Laing, and the D.S.I.R. She was thus able to check many identifications of Dunedin algae and obtain information concerning records of other workers. She submitted a draft copy of the check list which she had compiled as a paper for the Transactions.

The. Rev. F. H. Robertson and Dr. K. Wodzicki were granted £40 in 1947. They reported on the 14th April that work on the life history, census methods, population dynamics, dispersal and migration, and behaviour of gannets has been conducted during the 1953–54 nesting season at the Plateau Gannetry, Hawke's Bay Gannetries.

In addition, some work on the diminishing effect of environment on deep body temperature during the development of homeothermy in young birds has been started in co-operation with Dr. D. J. Costello, Hastings, and Mr. M. C. Probine, Dominion Physical Laboratory, D.S.I.R.

Finally an attempt is being made to repeat an experiment of Sir Walter Buller to study the plumage changes in young gannets. By permission of the Hon. Minister of Internal Affairs five gannet chicks have been taken from the Plateau and with the co-operation of the Director, Zoological Park, Auckland, are kept there for a study of subsequent plumage changes.

No expenses involving the grant have been incurred during the past year.

Mr. E. G. Turbott and Dr. T. E. Woodward, who in 1950 were granted £20 for an entomological survey at Three Kings Island reported last May that further entomological collections were made by Mr. J. S. Edwards on the Auckland Museum Expedition to the Three Kings Islands, and it was proposed to use the balance of the grant for student assistance in sorting this material. Hemiptera have already been forwarded to Dr. Woodward for incorporation in his report.

Dr. Marshall Laud, who was granted £45 for the study of protozoan parasites at Norfolk Island on the 15th April, forwarded a reprint of the paper published in the Transactions on a collection of fishes he had made at Norfolk which had been sent to Dr. H. W. Fowler for identification and study. The paper by Dr. Fowler was printed in Volume 81, Part 2 of the Transactions.

On the motion of Professor Richardson the reports of the Hutton grantees were received.

Report by Royal Society's Representative on Medical Research Council.

This report covers the third year of the first triennial period in the history of the reconstituted Council. The nine Research Committees reported upon last year have continued to function actively during the current year, they all report significant progress in each project under their supervision. A steady output of research papers has been published as in previous years.

Two new research committees have recently been formed—in Clinical Surgery and in Toxicology. A full-time senior research worker has been appointed from England to take charge of activities of the latter committee, and work in this field has already been commenced. Two Research Fellowships have been maintained during the year, and reports from the two Fellows indicate that they are doing most valuable work. One of them is spending a year abroad at the Council's expense.

Until the present time, the major activities supported by the Council have centred in the Medical and Dental Schools in Dunedin. The chief exceptions are the Island Territories projects, which are partly financed by the Council; and certain clinical research activities centred in Auckland. Financial support to the New Zealand Branch of the British Empire Cancer Campaign Society has continued to be maintained as in previous years There are now indications that, should funds allow, the scope of the work in Auckland might profitably be extended and that certain projects based on other centres might very well be given favourable consideration.

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The Council's funds are in a reasonably buoyant condition. It will be recalled that the Government, on establishing an autonomous Medical Research Council in its present form by the Act of 1950, allocated in advance a sum of £40,000 per annum for each of the first three years. This sum has so far proved adequate to finance all those projects which the Council has considered to be vital to its programme, but has allowed little extension work or casual aid to research projects submitted from without its immediate jurisdiction. In the period, the rate of expenditure has grown from year to year; and it is anticipated that a considerably augmented sum could properly be employed in the next triennium.

Steps lave been taken to acquaint the Government of the desirability both of repeating the experiment of a triennial grant, and also of increasing the annual sum appreciably.

So far, the Council's funds have not benefited very greatly from endowments, but steps are being taken to disseminate information in appropriate quarters with a view to encouraging the diversion to the Council of a portion of those resources normally becoming available from time to time for such purposes.

L. Bastings

Royal Society Representative.

On the motion of Mr. K. R. Allen, the report presented by Dr. L. Bastings was received. Professor Richardson pointed out that the report did not state that any private research work was being undertaken, and he moved that the representative be asked to bring this matter before the Medical Research Council. Carried.

Report of Representatives on the Carter Observatory Board.

Board. The constitution of the Board at the end of the year was as follows:—Royal Society Members: Dr. M. A. F. Barnett (Deputy Chairman), Dr. G. L. Rogers. Wellington City Council: Mr. E. P. Norman (Chairman), Mr. M. A. Castle. N.Z. Government members: Mr. R. G. Dick, Mr. R. C. Hayes, Mr. J. T. Martin, Professor F. F. Miles, Mr. W. Pilliet Pringle.

Meetings of the Board have been held at regular intervals for the purpose of defining policy for observatory work. The building and equipment have been maintained in a satisfactory condition.

Weather conditions during 1953 were very poor for astronomical observation. However, muck work was accomplished, and was supplemented by the co-operation of recognised amateurs in other parts of the Dominion. Inclement weather also caused a marked drop in public attendances.

Educational Work. The Observatory was open to the public on Friday evenings, except during December and January. Demonstrations were given with the telescope on twenty-five occasions and forty-three lectures were given. Films and lantern slides were also used on public nights. Attendances for the year were 1,739. The Observatory became fully active only after the war, and from 1946 to date, there has been a total of 14,795 attendances.

The Board is confident that it is providing sound popular instruction in astronomical Science for which there is an evident demand.

By taking an active share in the activities of the Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand the Observatory is also assisting in the more serious study of astronomy.

Solar Work. Regular routine observations of sunspots have been continued and reported to the appropriate authorities. There has been a continual decrease in solar activity during the year, and it seems certain that sunspot minimum will occur some time in 1954.

The more regular observations of the chromosphere with the spectrohe Telioscope were recommenced, but little activity has been seen.

Auroral Work. This has been continued as previously but in sympathy with the sun-spot cycle, auroral activity has been correspondingly low.

Upon completion of a contract with the United States Air Force, two assistants were appointed for the purpose of analysing and studying the accumulated data of the past twenty years. Progress is being made with this work, and it is hoped that results will be available in the very near future.

Radio Disturbance Forecasts. Forecasts of periods of general disturbance in radio reception have continued to be supplied with the appropriate radio authorities in New Zealand. With the low state of solar activity, however, these have been based on M-region patterns.

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General Astronomy. Observations have been made of occultations of stars by the Moon, and are in process of reduction before sending them to H. M. Nautical Almanac Office.

An eclipse of the Moon and a partial eclipse of the Sun were observed. After further reductions the results will be published.

Several photographs of the recurrent nova Eta Carinae were taken for magnitude determinations. One photograph of the double star Iota Crucis and one of the E7 Harvard region were taken for special purposes.

A series of photographs of the Moon was commenced for the purpose of developing a set showing the major features under all degrees of illumination.

Time Installation. By the courtesy of the Seismological Observatory and the Lands and Survey Department, the Observatory has obtained on loan a pendulum clock and a combined radio receiver and chronograph. This equipment is an important addition to the apparatus of the Observatory and will enable work to be done which was previously impossible.

M. A. F. Barnett


G L. Rogers

Representatives on the Board.

The report presented by Dr. M. A. F. Barnett and Dr. G. L. Rogers, representatives on the Board, was adopted, and the representatives thanked for their interesting report.

At this point Mr. K. R. Allen raised the question of the presentation of reports by non-members of the Council, and he suggested that it would be a mutual advantage if such representatives could attend the meeting of the Council and present their reports in person. On the motion of Mr. Allen, seconded by Dr. Uttley, it was resolved to invite such representatives to attend, giving them an appointed time according to the report's place on the agenda.

Report of Delegates Attending the Eighth Pacific Science Congress, Manila November 16–28, 1953.

This report is condensed from the report tabled at a meeting of the Standing Committee on March 2, 1954.

Delegates and members attending from New Zealand were as follows:—Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Dr. R. A. Falla, Dr. G. Archey, Dr. H. D. Skinner, Mr. J. Healy (official delegates), Dr. R. S. Duff, Mr. A. W. B. Powell, and Mr. H. S. Gibbs.

Fares were met in the case of Drs. Skinner and Duff and Messis Healy and Gibbs by the Institutions or Departments; that of Mr. Powell by Unesco; those of Dis Falla and Archey by the Organizing Committee of the Congress; that of Dr. Oliver by the Royal Society of New Zealand. Expenses in Manila were provided for all by the Congress Committee either in the form of a cash payment of 500 pesos per person (£1 equals 5.6 pesos approx) or by payment of hotel bills.

The Congress was attended by over 300 foreign delegates and more than 600 Filipino scientists. International organizations were well represented at the Congress In addition to sending representatives Unesco sponsored two symposia at the Congress, on Marine Provinces in the Indo-Pacific Region and on Medicinal Plants.

The programme was arranged under the following subject headings:—

Geology and Geophysics. Museums.
Meteorology. Pacific Conservation.
Oceanography. Public Health.
Zoology. Nutrition.
Botany. Nutritional Improvement of Rice.
Soil Resources. Social Sciences.
Animal Improvement. Forestry. Management and Utilization of Natural Resources.
Agriculture. Crop Improvement. Fuels and Lubricants with special emphasis on Alcohol and Vegetable Oils.
Anthropology. International Organizations.
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Problems on Coconut Industry.

Formal sessions were combined with field trips to scientific undertakings in and around Manila. Wherever possible sessions were held at the sites of the project to which the subject had application.

Post-congress tours enabled visiting scientists, accompanied by their Filipino hosts, to visit the Mountain Province of Luzon and Lingayan Gulf and, in the case of those interested in geology and in public health, to see places and projects on islands south of Luzon.

Delegates were provided generously with handbooks on Philippine science and with reviews in specialized fields. A feature of the Congress was the bound volume of abstracts which were not only immediately useful but will serve as an invaluable reference until the Proceedings are published.

Numerous social gatherings and two general Congress excursions enabled delegates to become better acquainted and provided opportunities to see aspects of the distinctive Philippine culture.

A series of public lectures, the majority of which were held in Manila, drew a very large attendance from among the townspeople.

The fourth Far Eastern Congress on Pre-History was held concurrently with the Pacific Congress, three New Zealand members (Drs. Archey, Duff and Skinner) making contributions. It was decided to accept the invitation of the Science Society of Thailand to hold the Ninth Pacific Science Congress in that country, the date being tentatively fixed for January, 1958.

New Zealand delegates to the Eighth Congress were unanimous in their appreciation of the generous hospitality of their Philippine hosts, and of the support given by their home institutions and the professional colleagues who carried on routine responsibility in their absence.

A summary of proceedings is available in the Information Bulletin P.S./53/8 of the Pacific Science Association, December, 1953, and this contains the full text of resolutions. The Royal Society has received also the full text of resolutions direct from the President of the Pacific Science Council, dated December 16, 1953.

An extract regarding the Secretariat from Dr. Archey's report as a member of the Council is presented separately.

W. R. B. Oliver R. A. Falla

Extract from the Report Presented by Dr. Archey as the Society's Representative on the Pacific Science Council.

The Council held five meetings during 16th to 27th November, 1953, and almost daily meetings of its several committees.

Many constitutional matters were decided upon, and the Pacific Science Council Secretariat was reviewed.

At the outset it was recognised that the programme and budget submitted by the Executive Secretary were over ambitious, and a committee was formed to draft secretarial functions and activities appropriate to the constitution and aims of the Association and possible of achievement within the funds that might reasonably be expected to be available. It was known definitely that grants from the United States foundations would cease and that Member countries would have to be asked to contribute.

The Committee submitted certain recommendations regarding the reduction of publications, information services and “reception services” to scientists passing through Honolulu omitting hospitality and not to duplicate local Honolulu activities of this kind. Also that overseas visits should be made only for direct Science Association activities and not for “research” or “goodwill”.

The lessened programme reduced the staff required to one.

Miss Brenda Bishop, whose salary requirements were considerably less than Mr. Hudson had been receiving, was appointed secretary. Mr. Hudson was given three months retiring leave and thanked for his services and a presentation was made to him.

On the required budget Mr. Coolidge vouched for 3,000 dollars per annum from U.S.A., Japan, Indonesia and the Philippines had written agreeing to support, Professor Elkin had an assurance of contribution from Australian National Research Council, and I was able to advise the Standing Committee proposal (Minutes, 4th November, 1953).

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The representatives of Holland, United Kingdom, China, and Thailand expressed confidence in their country's participation.

The final recommendation was (subject to confirmation):

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

United States 3,000
Canada, Australia, Indonesia, France, Japan, Philippines, $500 each 3,000
Britain, China, Indo-China, New Zealand, Thailand, Netherlands $400 each 2,400
Per annum $8,400

Hawaii was omitted because of the very favourable arrangement whereby the Secretariat has office space and facilities in the Bishop Museum, and its funds are handled by the Bishop Museum Trustees. I may add that the contribution our Royal Society was prepared to make created a most favourable impression. All agreed that the Secretariat had done most useful work and given excellent service, and even the “pruned” services had been of value. … It remains for the Royal Society to give its endorsement to the rationalized secretarial programme and the reduced budget and to confirm, as I am confident it will, the proposed New Zealand contribution I had the honour to convey to the Council.

G. Archey,
Representative on the Council.

On the motion of Dr. Falla, seconded by Dr. Salmon, the reports of delegates, Dr. Oliver, Dr. Archey, and himself who attended the Eighth Congress in Manila were received.

Report by Delegate to Fourteenth International Congress of Zoology.

The Congress at Copenhagen was formally opened under the presidency of Professor Ragner Sparck on August 5, 1953, in the Festival Hall of the University. Delegates were present from 33 countries and about 600 members and associates took part. After the opening address members proceeded to Hillerod for luncheon, and spent the afternoon on an excursion to the castle of Elsinore. In the evening a civic reception was held at the Raadhus by the Lord Mayor and Corporation of Copenhagen.

The Royal Society of New Zealand was represented by Dr. Brian Bary and myself as delegates, and by Mrs Bary and Mrs Fell as associate members.

Sectional meetings, which took place between August 6 to 11, were devoted to the following topics:—Nomenclature, Paleozoology, Zoogeography, Morphogenesis., Comparative Physiology, Evolution and Genetics of Populations, Cytology, Animal Psychology and Ethology, Serology and Paper Chromatography, Parasitology, Nematology, Terrestrial Ecology, Hydro-biology, Terrestrial Arthropods, Invertebrate Morphology and Systematics, and a Colloquium on Deep Sea Bottom Faunas. Dr. Bary and I attended those discussions devoted to oceanographical problems and palaezoology, but abstracts were secured of as many other papers as possible, and these have been deposited in the Zoology Department Library, Victoria University College, and some have also been distributed to other institutions interested in particular topics.

Many excursions were arranged during the Congress. In the course of these we visited the Island of Mon, in southern Denmark, spending two days at well-known Senon [ unclear: ] ian and Cretaceous localities; also the Danish Navy arranged an excursion to the Skagerrak, where demonstrations were given of methods of deep sea hydrographical investigations. On August 12 the Congress formally concluded with a banquet at the University. After the Congress we visited institutions in other parts of Denmark, and also Sweden. An enthusiastic Ladies' Committee arranged an interesting programme for wives of members. The Congress was undoubtedly a tremendous success, and made a deep impression on us. Much of the credit for this must go to the Danish organizing committee, and Dr. Anton Fr. Bruun, its secretary-general; but the truly international character of science itself was very evident, and the contacts we had with fellow participants were rewarding indeed.

Later in the year, whilst resident in Copenhagen, Mrs. Fell and I were guests at meetings of the Dansk Naturhistoriske Forening, with which the Royal Society of New Zealand has long had a connection. I conveyed the Society's greetings to the Danish Association, whose

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president, Dr. Gunnar Thorson, reciprocated, and spoke warmly of the close personal contacts between biologists of our two countries.

Apart from these formal greetings, individual members of the Galathea expedition asked me to convey their best wishes to New Zealand colleagues.

H. B. Fell,
Delegate to Congress.

The report presented by Dr. H. B. Fell, delegate to the Congress, was received and Dr. Fell was thanked.

Rules re Library Maintenance by Member Bodies. After outlining the reasons for the motion Dr. Salmon moved, and Mr. K. R. Allen seconded:

“ That in the Rules of the Society relating to the maintenance of Libraries, Museums, etc., the words ‘one-third of their income’ be deleted.”

On being put to the meeting the motion was lost.

Professor Richardson then gave notice that the Wellington Branch cannot conform to the Rule laid down which states that Member Bodies must contribute one-third of their income to the support of a library or Museum. No comment was made or objection raised.

Adjournment. At this stage (6.30 p.m.) the meeting adjourned until 7 30 p.m. the following day.

Adjourned Meeting: May 16, 1954, at 7.30 p.m.

Roll Call. The Council as at the previous day's meeting, responded to the Roll Call, with the exception of Professor Cotton.

Annual Meetings. Professor Briggs moved and Mr. Pycroft seconded.

“That the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand should meet in person at least twice a year.”

In speaking to the motion, Professor Briggs said there was some criticism that that Royal Society was not as active as it might be, and he considered that although it might necessitate an amendment to the rules it would give an opportunity to give fuller consideration to policy matters and matters of general interest to science. Professor Briggs instanced the Institute of Chemistry, whose Council met six times in the year. Professor Allan, seconded by Dr. Brown, moved that the second meeting be a peripatetic one. Dr. Salmon supported Professor Allan's motion.

Dr. Miller suggested that the annual meeting should deal with routine matters, while not excluding policy matters, but that the second meeting should deal chiefly with policy and general matters.

Other comments were that the Royal Society was suffering from lack of publicity. Newspapers did not give sufficient coverage as discussions were not considered of press value.

Mr Callaghan said that Member Bodies should have an opportunity to consider any new matters raised, and representatives should bring informed opinion to the annual meeting.

Professor Richardson stated that with some organisation press publicity could be achieved, and he instanced an occasion in connection with the Society's endeavour to have the Dominion Museum restored to its proper function after its occupancy during the war. The press then backed the Society's efforts in influencing public opinion. Discussion proceeded on the need for the second

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meeting, and on being put to the meeting the motion moved by Professor Briggs and Mr. Pycroft was passed.

The motion by Professor Allan and Dr. Brown was then put and passed.

N.Z. Science Congress. The balance sheet of the Seventh Science Congress held in Christchurch, was read, and a direction was asked for regarding the disposal of the credit balance of £39 8s 3d. After some explanation by Professor Briggs regarding the organization of the Eighth Congress and the question as to the financial responsibility of participating bodies in the Congress it was resolved on the motion of Professor Allan, seconded by Dr. Uttley, that the credit balance from the last Congress be handed on to the present Congress Organization Committee's Fund.

Royal Society of N. Z. and Other Scientific Bodies. Mr. Callaghan reviewed the paper he had drawn up on this subject and the record of the meeting held in Wellington and said these could be used as a basis of discussion.

Members contributed to a long and full discussion on the subject, and it was apparent that while some of the smaller societies might welcome some link with the Royal Society, others would not wish to lose their autonomy by affiliation. Mr. Fenwick commented on the suggestion put forward by the Canterbury Branch, and Dr. Brown spoke to those put forward by the Otago Branch.

Finally, on the motion of Professor Briggs, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, it was resolved:

“That the Royal Society of New Zealand expresses the view that while the Society should take every opportunity within its present rules for cooperation with other scientific societies and organisations, it would be preferable not to enter into a federal organization which would affect the constitution of the Royal Society of New Zealand.”

It was resolved, on the motion of Dr. Falla, seconded by Professor Richardson, that a sub-committee consisting of Dr. Miller (convener), Mr. Callaghan, and Professor Briggs be set up to prepare a case for the Symposium on Friday afternoon.

On the motion of Professor Briggs, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, it was resolved.

“That the discussion on the Organization of Science in the forthcoming Congress be taken in committee, and that a full record of the Proceedings be made and a report be made available to participating bodies.”

Wellington Branch. Professor Briggs referred back to the matter of the Wellington Branch and its inability to conform to the rule which laid down the financial obligations of a Member Body. After some further discussion on the motion of Professor Allan, seconded by Dr. Uttley, it was resolved:

“That the Wellington Branch be invited to place its case before the Standing Committee and to seek the view of Member Bodies.”

Standing Committee Meetings. On the motion of Professor Briggs, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, it was resolved.

“That the Standing Committee should meet on definite dates except in exceptional circumstances.”

On the motion of Professor Briggs, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, it was resolved:

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“That detailed agenda papers for Council and Standing Committee meetings be sent out to all members of the Council and the Member Bodies fourteen days before each meeting.”

Travelling Expenses. It was resolved that travelling expenses on the basis of two days hotel expenses and first class travelling expenses be paid.

General Meeting. On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Dr. Salmon, it was resolved that for the General Meeting of the Council in six months' time any policy matters should be submitted by Member Bodies within two months from this date. It was suggested that an organized agenda be prepared well in advance.

Election of Officers. President: Dr. D. Miller. Vice-Presidents: Dr. M. A. F. Barnett and Professor L. H. Briggs. Hon. Editor: Dr. J. T. Salmon. Hon. Treasurer: Mr. S. Cory Wright. Hon. Librarian: Professor L. R. Richardson. Hon. Returning Officer: Mr. A. T. Pycroft. Co-opted Member: Dr. J. T. Salmon. Rep. Royal N.Z. Inst. of Horticulture: Prof. H. D. Gordon. Rep. Oceanographic Committee: Dr. C. A. Fleming. Rep. Great Barrier Reef Committee: Dr. W. R. B. Oliver.

Election of Committees.

Hector Award Committee: Professor L. H. Briggs (convener), Dr. I. W. Wark, and Professor R. J. W. Le Fevre.

T. K. Sidey Summer-time Award Committee: Professor Burbidge (convener), Professor Watson-Munro and Dr. D. B. Macleod.

Humilton Award Committee: Dr. C. A. Fleming (convener), Dr. R. A. Falla and Professor L. R. Richardson.

Fellowship Selection Committee: Dr. D. Miller (convener), Dr. M. A. F. Barnett, Professor E. Beaglehole, Professor F. G. Soper, Professor C. A. Cotton.

Library Committee: Professor Richardson (Hon. Librarian), Dr. J. T. Salmon, Professor C. A. Cotton, and Mr. F. R. Callaghan.

Conservation Committee: Dr. W. R. B. Oliver (convener), Dr. G. Archey,

Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Dr. C. A. Fleming, Dr. J. T. Salmon, Mr. N. H. Taylor.

National Collections: Dr. W. R. B. Oliver (convener), Dr. D. Miller, Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Dr. J. T. Salmon.

Research Grants Committee: Dr. R. A. Falla (convener), Dr. D. Miller, and Mr. F. R. Callaghan.

Votes of Thanks. Mr. Callaghan proposed a very warm vote of thanks to the President, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, for his work over the past two years, and for presiding at such a long and exacting annual meeting just concluded. He stated that the Society was under a deep debt of gratitude to Dr. Oliver for his work during his term of office. Carried by acclamation.

A very hearty vote of thanks was accorded to the President and Council of the Auckland Institute and Museum for the use of the Board Room; special thanks and appreciation were conveyed to the Ladies' Committee for providing the excellent luncheon and afternoon tea.

Votes of thanks were also accorded to the Press and to the Secretary.

The Meeting concluded at 10.30 p.m.


D. Miller, Chairman.

June 18, 1954.

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Reports Of Member Bodies.
Wellington Beanch of The Royal Society of New Zealand (Inc.)

Report of the Council for the Year ended September 30, 1953.

Membership. There are now 317 full members, 309 of whom receive the Transactions, find 82 Associate members. Thirty-two new members and associates were elected during the year, and 20 members resigned. Twenty members were written off during the year. The Council records with regret the deaths of Mr. W. M. Jones and Mr. C. G. G. Berry, both members of long standing and former Branch and Section officers.

Meetings. General meetings were held as follows:—October 29, 1952: Presidential Address by Mr. A. L. Poole, “Forest Pattern of New Zealand.” April 22: Presidential Address by Mr. A. L. Poole, “Research in New Zealand Forest Practice.” June 24 “The Development of Research in the Australian C. S.I.R.O.,” by Dr. G. A. Currie. Vice-Chancellor of the University of New Zealand. July 22: “Some Overseas Impressions,” by Dr. F. B. Shorland August 26: Hudson Lecture, “The Utilization of Grassland: a New Zealand Philosophy,” by Dr. C. P. McMeekan. September 23: “The Age-long Struggle with the Soils,” by Mr. N. H. Taylor.

The Presidential Address of the Royal Society of New Zealand for 1953 was delivered by Dr. W. R. B. Oliver at a General Meeting on May 19. Dr. Oliver spoke on “The Royal Society and Conservation.”

Two Special General Meetings were held. On April 8, Mr. A. S. White, A.E.R.E., Harwell, spoke on “Chemical Engineering in Atomic Energy Research.” On September 23 a meeting was held to consider a proposed alteration to the rule regarding subscriptions.

The following addresses were given at section meetings during the year:—

Astronomy and Geophysics Section. February (with Physics Section): “Recent Advances in Astronomical Photography,” by Dr. C. E. K. Mees. May: “The Role of Ozone in the Atmosphere,” by Dr. J. F. Gabites. June. “Astronomical Telescopes,” by Mr. N. J. Rumsey. July: “The Use of Occultations in the Study of the Motion of the Earth,” by Mr. I. L. Thomsen. August: “Movements of Strata in Coal Mines,” by Dr. F. F. Evison.

Biology Section. April: “The Place of Systematics in the Biological Sciences.” by Mr. R. K. Dell. May: “Experimental Virus Work,” by Miss Cynthia Smart. June: Symposium, “Fresh-water Fisheries Research and Its Applications,” by Mr. K. R. Allen, Mr. B. T. Cunningham, and Mr. D. F. Hobbs. July: Symposium, “Faunal Relationships Across Cook Strait,” by Mr. M. T. Te Punga, Dr. J. T. Salmon, Mr. C. McCann, Mr. K. A. Lee. Mr. A. P. Druce. and Mr. R. K. Dell. August: “Investigations into an Area in South-west Fiordland” by Mr. T. Riney. September: “Jamaica—a Tropical Island,” by Mr. R. G. Robbins.

Geology Section October: “Microfaunas and Marine Climates of the Past,” by Mr. N. de B. Hornibrook. April: “The Taitai Problem,” by Mr. H. W. Wellman. May: “Pleistocene and Recent Faulting in the Otaki-Porirua and Dalefield-Waipoua Districts of South Wellington,” by Mr. G. L. Adkin. June: Symposium, “The Philosophy of Stratigraphic Correlation.” July: “Tests of a German Non-cyclic Theory and Classification of Coasts,” by Prof. C. A. Cotton August: Discussion, “Are Orogenies Continuous?” September: “Geomorphology in Relation to Late Pleistocene Tectogenesis in the Cook Strait District, New Zealand,” by Mr. M. T. Te Punga.

Physics Section. November: “Ground Wave Propagation,” by Mr. D. D. Crombie. February (with Astronomy and Geophysics Section): “Recent Advances in Astronomical Photography,” by Dr. C. E. K. Mees. April: “Snapshots of Britain and the Continent,” by Dr. L. Bastings. May: “Radio Astronomy in New Zealand and Overseas,” by Dr. C. D. Ellyett June: “The M.K.S. System of Units and Electrical Standards,” by Professor G. A. Peddie; “The Present State of Electrical Standards at Dominion Physical Laboratory,” by Mr. W. H. Ward. July: “Scintillation Counters,” by Mr. R. W. Humphrey. August: “Auto-Stereoscopy, or Photography in Depth for the One-eyed Man,” by Dr. G. L. Rogers. September: “Measurements of Samples for Dating by C14 (Radio-active Carbon),” by Mr. C. J. Fergusson.

Social Science Section. April: Discussion, “United Nations Technical Assistance to Under-developed Countries,” by Professor E. Beaglehole and Professor H. Belshaw. May: “Changing Patterns of Crime in New Zealand,” by Professor D. C. Marsh. June: “The Development of Criminal Law in New Zealand,” by Professor I. D. Campbell. July: “The Probation Service,” by Mr. P. K. Mayhew. August: “Some Reflections on the New Zealand Prison System,” by Mr. T. S. Barnett. September: “The Use of Prediction Procedure for Delinquency and Maladjustment,” by Mr, R, J, Havighurst.

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Technology Section. August; Films, “Rubber and Some Modern Applications.”

Papers Submitted for Printing in the Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Papers read by title—(a) At meetings of the Branch Council: “The Problem of the Anomalous Lower Course of the Waianakarua River, N.E. Otago,” by G. L. Adkin, November 13, 1952. “Eylais waikaiwae n.sp (Hydracanna) and Some Features of its Life History and Anatomy,” by Vida M. Stout, February 3, 1953. “New Species of Hydracarina with a Description of tile Life History of Two,” by Vida M. Stout, February 3, 1953. “Jurassic Foraminifera from New Zealand,” by N. de B. Hornibrook, February 3, 1953. “A Specimen of Nemichthys from New Zetland Waters,” by L.R. Richardson and J. A. F. Gar [ unclear: ] rick, March 25, 1953. “Two Gobioid Fishes from Oceania,” by H. W. Fowler, April 22, 1953. “Neomyxine ng. (Cyclo-stomata based on Myxine biniplicata, Richardson and Jowett 1951, and Further Data on the Species,” by L. R. Richardson, April 22, 1953. The Effect of Ammonium Sulphate on the Growth of Dhar Yeast Cultures Containing Sucrose as Source of Carbon,” by K. Bahadur, July 22, 1953. “Variation in a Sample of Pinus radiata Cones in the Nelson District,” by M. H. Bannister, August 26, 1953. “Two New Species of New Zealand Collembola,” by J. T. Salmon, September 23, 1953. (b) Papers read at General Meetings: “Studies on Palaemon affinis M. Edw. 1837, Crustacea, Decapoda Natantia, Part I, Synonomy and External Morphology,” by J. C. Yaldwyn, September 23. 1953. (c) Paper read at meetings of the Biology Section: “The Land Snails of Stewart and Solander Islands,” by R. K. Dell, August 12, 1953. (d) Papers read at meetings of the Geology Section: “Some New Zealand Marine Ostracoda Useful in Stratigraphy,” by N. de B. Hornibrook, October 9, 1952. “Tertiary Mollusca from South-east Wairarapa.” by P. P. Vella, April 9, 1953. “Plant Microfossils from New Zealand,” by R. A. Couper, May 14, 1953. “An Upper Triassic Lamellibranch from the Southern Alps of North Westland, New Zealand,” by C. A. Fleming, F. W. Munden. and R. P. Suggate. September 10, 1953.

Hudson Lecture. The Hudson Lecture for 1953 was given by Dr. C. P. McMeekan. of Ruakura Animal Research Station. Dr. McMeekan spoke on “The Utilization of Grassland: a New Zealand Philosophy,” and the address has been printed in New Zealand Science Review Reprint have been obtained and distributed to members.

Cockayne Memorial. Your representative on the Cockayne Memorial Committee made every effort to ensure that the committee's recommendations for the proper siting of the memorial stone were carried out. Despite this the boulder, set up in an unsatisfactory manner. was unveiled on December 11, 1952.

Loder Cup. Council has placed a nomination for the award of the Loder Cup for 1953.

Distinctions. Council is pleased to record the award of the Hutton Medal to Dr. J. Marwick for research in palaeontology, and the award of a Fellowship to Dr. L. Bastings.

Library. The number of journals received by the library was 30, of which 19 are taken on subscription. Binding of all journals is up to date.

Subscriptions. Council was forced by the rise in costs since 1949 (when the last increase was made) to consider increasing the rates of subscription At a special general meeting held in September, it was agreed that subscriptions should be 37s 6d for ordinary members and 17s 6d for associate members. both subject to the customary rebate of 5s if paid before May 30 In addition, the subscriptions for ordinary members will be further reducible by 5s if the member elects not to take the Transactions.

Thanks. The Council wishes to express its thanks to all who have contributed during the past year to the success of meetings and other activities of the Branch, and to the New Zealand Association of Scientific Workers for the publication of addresses presented at meetings; to the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research for the use of the Council Room, to the Victoria University College Council for the use of the staff room; and to the Press for reporting meetings.

Auckland Institute and Museum.

President. The position of our Institute as the Auckland member body of the Royal Society of New Zealand took on a new significance last year with the coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, and the later visit of Her Majesty and the Duke of Edinburgh to New Zealand. Efforts were made by Sir John Allum for Her Majesty to lay the foundation stone to the Museum extensions, as the Auckland Provincial Memorial to the Second World War. It was a disappointment to many that these were unsuccessful, but it was realised that too

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many formal functions may have affected the pleasure of Her Majesty and the Duke of Edinburgh during their visit. The Duke of Edinburgh's memorable address to scientists in Wellington was attended by Dr. Archey, Mr. Pycroft and the President, representing the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand, and by Miss Rains, Messrs Bell, Bloodworth. Brown. Fauclough, Powell and Sir Carrick Robertson representing our Institute.

Membership. For the first time in the history of our institution the membership roll has exceeded one thousand members and now stands at 1,016, of whom 304 are life members Forty-five names were removed from the membership list through death. resignations and deletions, while 82 new members were elected.

Obituary. We record with regret the death of the following members —E Anderson. Miss L. M. Browne, Mrs G. Brownlee, R. E. Champtaloup. Hon Eliot R. Davis, M.L C., W. A. Gray, M. C., J. McKinlay, A. L. Pike, G. H. Plummer, F. Richardson Mr. E. Anderson had served as a member of the Trust Board since 1938.

Honours. Congratulations have been extended to Sir William Goodfellow on his appointment as Knight Bachelor. to Mr. Harvey Turner as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire, to Mr. A. J. Dickson, as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, and to the Right Hon. Sir Harold Barrowclough, C. B, D. S. O, M. C., E. D, on his appointment as Chief Justice, Privy Councillor and Knight Commander of the Older of St Michael and St. George. All were invested by Her Majesty in person during her recent visit to New Zealand.

Council. Several changes were made during the year, Mr. G. B. Bell was elected at the Annual Meeting, replacing Professor H. W. Segar, who resigned after serving on the Council for 53 years During the year new members were appointed to represent the City Council. His Worship the Mayor, Mr. J. H. Luxford, Professor K. B. Cumberland and Mr. A. P. Postlewaite, and new members to represent the local bodies, Mr. J. M. Simson and Mr. P. T. Watene Our grateful thanks are due to the retiring members, Sir John Allum. Mr. R. S. Harrop, Mr. E. Hav, Mr. W. E. La Roche, and Mr. W. Calder Mackay, for then valuable services over the past years and particularly for their support leading to the passing of the Auckland War Memorial Museum Maintenance Amendment Act, 1953 We are pleased that Sir John Allum is continuing his active interest in the Museum as Chairman of the Auckland War Memorial Citizens' Committee.

Mr. J. C. Rennie was appointed on the Trust Board to replace Mr. E. Anderson.

At its meeting on June 17, 1953, the Council recorded its high appreciation of Professor H. W. Segar's services to the Institute and Museum. He is the senior member of the Institute, having joined in 1895 He was thrice President. in 1900, 1912 and 1933, and a member of the Council continuously from 1900. He was one of the original Fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand, President in 1931–1932 and member of the Council representing the Auckland Institute from 1914–1945. We should all like to pay the highest tribute to Professor Segar. both for his activities in the Institute and for his general influence on education and culture in Auckland.

Staff. The Director, New Zealand member of the Pacific Science Council, attended the recent Eighth Pacific Science Congress as the official guest of the Congress He was further honoured in being invited to give the Cawthron Lecture at the Cawthron Institute, Nelson His Lecture on “Maori Art” will be available later as a Museum handbook. The Director was again appointed on the Regional Council of Adult Education, and with Mrs. E. G. Turbott on the Auckland Festival Society for 1953. He is now on six months' study leave in England, where his enquiries into museum buildings and management will be of great benefit in planning the extensions of the Museum.

Mr. Powell has been congratulated by the Council on completing 25 years as a member of the staff. The high standard of his research work has again been recently recognised in his invitation to the Eighth Pacific Science Congress as a Unesco visitor to organise and lead a symposium on oceanographic biology.

Mr. and Mrs Turbott are also on six months' leave for study in England, where they are being assisted by the British Council.

Congratulations have been extended to Dr. R. C. Cooper and Dr. M. H. Battey, who have recently returned from overseas, where they have been successful in gaining their Ph.D. degrees from the Washington University, Missouri, and Cambridge University, respectively.

Mr. J. L. Davy was farewelled during the year on his retirement after 25 years' association with the Museum as custodian. We have appreciated his loyal and conscientious service

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dating front the opening of the new building and extend our best wishes to him in his retirement.

Eighth N.Z. Science Congress. As the Auckland member body of the Royal Society of New Zealand we have been entrusted with organising the Eighth New Zealand Science Congress from May 17 to 22. In planning for the Congress considerable help has been given by the Director and members of his staff.

Transactions of the Royal Society of N. Z. Life members of the Institute continue to receive the Transactions free of charge. With the greatly increased cost of publication, however, it has been suggested that life member's should now voluntarily contribute towards the cost. Twenty-one members have responded with a total contribution of £57 2s 6d.

Gifts. Outstanding gifts of museum articles are mentioned in the Director's and staff's reports, to which must be added a continued grant of £50 from the Auckland Electric Power Board. To all donors of gifts the Council would like to express its sincere thanks.

Scenery Preservation. The Council continues to examine developments in the Upper Waikato and the Okere Falls area for hydro-electric purposes. The Government has given no definite pronouncement of its plans until the generation of power from geothermal sources has been explored.

It is likely that the Institute and Museum will be represented on a new Rangitoto Domain Board, where it will continue to press for the preservation of the unique flora of this area.

Finance. The financial year has ended with a deficit of £1,787. This has been brought about mainly by salary increases in accordance with recent Arbitration Court decisions, and increased charges for Museum services. Until now the major revenue of the Institute and Museum has been from a fixed statutory contribution from the metropolitan local bodies of £10,668. Despite a voluntary increase of 15 per cent. on the contribution by all but four of the contributing local bodies during the year, and a contribution of £568 by over 50 per cent. of the provincial local bodies in response to a request for a voluntary contribution of one penny per person of their population, our income has been quite inadequate.

However, it is gratifying to record that, with the almost unanimous support of the metropolitan local bodies, Parliament has passed the Auckland War Memorial Museum Maintenance Amendment Act, providing for a maximum contribution of one shilling per head of the population, a contribution which will increase with the population and meet, we believe, the in creasing costs over the years. The present contribution now amounts to £18,982 10s. Our grateful thanks are due to the local bodies for their continued goodwill and generous support. and to the citizens of Auckland whom they represent.

The additional revenue has enabled us to increase the salaries of the professional staff. which was long overdue, and to establish a superannuation scheme, but it will not enable us to appoint two new members to the staff as was envisaged when the local bodies were first approached.

Auckland Provincial Memorial to the Second World War. In 1947 the citizens of Auckland decided that the memorial to those who died in the Second World War should be the completion of the existing War Memorial Museum and the extension of the Hall of Memories, to enshrine the new Roll of Honour. In 1948 the Citizens' Committee launched an appeal for funds which the Government agreed to subsidise pound for pound. A ready response was given, but difficulties arose in that a building permit was withheld, and in 1951 the campaign was suspended. Approval to build has now been given, and the Citizens' Committee has now resumed its appeal. Contributions to date, £132,696, with interest, £30,000. and the Government subsidy of £162,500, amount to £325,196. As the estimate of the cost of completing the Museum some years ago was £440,000, this leaves £118,804 still to be collected. With the using costs, however, it is likely that a sum of approximately £150,000 is still needed to complete the building.

A further appeal is made to our members who have not yet done so to contribute to this worthy cause, which will make the Auckland War Memorial Museum one of the finest buildings in New Zealand and a fitting and permanent memorial to all who have paid the supreme sacrifice.

Chairman of the Trust Board. During the year an amount of £10,500 in New Zealand Government Inscribed Stock about to mature was converted to 3 ¾ per cent. Stock. As this Stock was previously at 2 ½ per cent. there will now be an annual improvement in the income of the Board of £131 5s in this investment. A further £3,500 of 3 ¾ per cent Stock was also purchased during the year at £3,447 10s. The total nominal value of the New Zealand Government

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Inscribed Stock now held is £39,175, but in the annual accounts it is shown at £38,578 3s 4d, the amount at which it was purchased. The investments held also include £3,666 on first mortgage, £2,662 10s 2d in Local Body debentures, £10,435 17s 9d in N.Z. War Savings Investments, and £1,982 10s in Australian Commonwealth Stock. Life Members' subscriptions during the year amounted to £178 10s.

Hawke's Bay Branch Of The Royal Society Of N.Z. (Inc.).

Chairman's Report for 1953.

The Council of the Hawke's Bay Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand presents its 80th Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 1953.

Public Meetings. Two advertised public meetings were held in the course of the year, the first addressed by Dr. J. S. Cumpston, Assistant High Commissioner for Australia on the Mapping of Antarctica, in which he played an active part. As the speaker had served in the Australian Embassy in Chile, his remarks on that contested sector were of particular interest.

The second meeting, held in Hastings, was addressed by Mr. J. S. Watson, of the Animal Ecology section of D.S.I.R. on Rabbit Control, with especial reference to the work in the experimental area at Gwavas, of which he has been in charge.

Members' Meetings. The intention of the Council to hold monthly meetings, in addition to public meetings addressed by outside speakers, was not carried out in full, but those given were reasonably successful and the idea should be persevered with. The President spoke on the Topography and Vegetative patterns of the Upper Ngaruror, Dr. C. Crawford on the structure and dynamics of rivers. Members were also invited at rather short notice to attend a most interesting address to the Historical section by Mr. W. T. Ngata. on his work of collecting Maori traditional chants and songs.

Sections. The main activities of the Branch continue to be concentrated in the work of the sections, of which there are four—Ornithological, Meteorological, Geographical and Historical. Their reports are summarized in the Bulletin.

Bulletin. For the information of members a further Bulletin was issued at the end of 1953.

Colenso Memorial. A portion of Colenso's Herbarium in need of more expert care than could be given here was transferred to the Dominion Museum five or six years ago, for the sum of £100. This has been held as a Trust Fund with the intention of providing a fitting memorial to the most famous scientist associated with Hawke's Bay. No obvious solution to the form of such a memorial has been arrived at. so in the meantime one suggestion that the income of the fund should be used to promote research in natural history locally is being investigated by a sub-committee. If a successful scheme can be developed, this may be considered as the form of the memorial, but at the same time the capital will still be available should the Society at some future date decide on a memorial of a three-dimensional form.

Museum Extension. In answer to an appeal from the Council of the Art Society for assistance in the building of the new wing of the Museum, the Council has donated £200 from the accumulated funds of the Society, and members have contributed individually.

Membership now stands at 104, of whom six are life members.

Your Council feels the Branch had a satisfactory year in 1953, but anticipates 1954 will call for more energy.


N L. Elder


Canterbury Branch of The Royal Society of New Zealand.

Annual Report for the Year ended October 31, 1953.

The Council desires to submit the following report on the year's work to the Annual General Meeting, to be held on Wednesday, December 2, 1953.

Membership. At the end of the financial year (October 31, 1952) the ordinary membership showed a decrease of six—from 280 last year to 274. Twenty-one new members have been elected, one transferred from another Branch, and one transferred from the Associate grade. Five members have died, three have been transferred to other Branches, and four have had their names removed from the register by order of the Council. Twelve resignations became effective at the end of 1952, and five resignations became effective at the end of the present financial year.

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Associate membership has increased by four—from 11 in 1952 to 15. Six Associates have been elected during the year, one has resigned, and one has been transferred to full membership.

Obituary. The Society records with deep regret the death of five members during the year. Dr. W. H. Sheffield was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and, after service in the East during World War I, settled at Rakaia. After several years' practice there he studied radiology and skin diseases in London, and then returned to Christchurch, where he assumed general practice as well as being radiologist to Lewisham Hospital.

Mr. C. D. Gilling graduated from the Christchurch Teachers' Training College in 1914, and, after several years at the Hornby School, was appointed headmaster at Makikihi, West Eyreton, and Amberley successively. After other appointments he returned to Christchurch as head of Elmwood School, where he remained until his retirement in 1946.

Mr. R. E. Berry, who had been a member of the Society for many years, was an electrical manufacturer specializing in ovens, and he seldom failed to attend any meetings of the Society when electrical or physical matters were discussed.

Mr. T. H. Langford, J.P., will be remembered as the first Public Relations Officer appointed by the Christchurch City Council, a position which he filled until his death.

Dr. W. Bates was for many years in medical practice in Christchurch.

Council. Up to the end of the financial year eleven meetings of the Council had been held. The following are the attendances (ex-officio members marked *) :—* Allan 4, Blair 10. Chalklin 9, B. W. Collins 9, C. W. Collins 9, Duff 6, Fenwick 8, Forster S, * Garlick 11, * Knox 7, Labatt 7, Maling 11, Page S, Russell 10, * Sawyer 1 (the Mathematical and Physical Sciences Section of which Mr. Sawyer is Chairman was formed only late in the session). Dr. A. J. Campbell was overseas throughout the year, and was granted leave of absence.

Amongst the work carried out by the Council during the year was the organization of the public meeting in support of the Canterbury Museum Centennial Building Fund held on March 23. In the internal affairs of the branch the anomalous position that had arisen over the election of representatives of the Branch on external bodies was corrected by an amendment to the Constitution, which was passed at a Special General Meeting in July. This gave the Council power to elect such representatives.

Centennial Memorial Museum Appeal. In addition to making a grant of £210 last year and sponsoring the public meeting, the Council made a special appeal to members early in March for donations to the Museum Building Fund. As a result £136 was subscribed and handed over to the Museum Trust Board in time to earn the Government subsidy.

Sections. All Sections have had successful sessions during the year. In April the Scientific Photography Section organised an exhibition of scientific photographs in the Students' Union at Canterbury University College. The exhibition was attended by a large number of members and friends, as well as members of the public, and the display was considered to be of a very high standard.

The need for a section where mathematical and physical science problems could be discussed had been apparent for some time, and in August last a Mathematical and Physical Sciences Section was formed, with Mr. W. W. Sawyer as Chairman and Dr. C. D. Ellyett as honorary secretary.

The Field Club continued its activities, which include both excursions and film evenings and discussions. This section derives much of its strength from sectional members, but it is considered that it is deserving of more support from members of the Branch.

Accounts of the activities of Sections will be found on a later page Membership of all Sections is open to all members and associates without extra charge.

Seventh Science Congress. In January, 1953, the Report of the Seventh Science Congress. held in Christchurch in May, 1951, was published and distributed to members of the Congress, and the organizations on the exchange list of the Royal Society of New Zealand Congratulations are extended to Mr. R. R. Forster, on whom fell most of the work in connection with editing and seeing the volume through the press. Copies of this volume are available from the secretary, Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington, at £1.

The Branch Treasurer finalized the accounts of the Congress during the year, and the credit balance of more than £39 after all expenses had been met has been transferred to the Royal Society of New Zealand. It is a pleasure to be able to record that the Congress was a financial as well as a scientific success.

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General Meetings. The following was the year's programme: March 4, “On the Viruses” (Presidential Address), Dr. I. D. Blair. April 1, “Chemist or Engineer: Chemical Engineering as a Discipline,” Mr. S. R. Siemon. May 6, “The Canterbury Museum's Expedition to Fiord-land,” Messrs. R. R. Forster and H. B. Wisely, and Dr. W. R. Philipson. June 3, “Humus and Health,” Professor T. W. Walker. August 5, “Photography in the Service of Science,” a symposium by Messrs. G. A. Knox. E. R. Mangin, and C. R. Russell (organized by the Scientific Photography Section). September 2. “Some Theories and Experiments on the Behaviour of Simple Mixtures of Molecules,” Dr. M. L. McGlashan October 7, “Mussels. Drugs and Muscles,” Dr. R. Pilgrim. December 2. Annual Meeting.

Papers. At a meeting on July 1 the following papers were read: “The Life History of a Rhynconellid Brachiopod,” Professor E. Percival; “A Disease of Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium Forst)”, Mr. A. P. Mulcock; 'A New Species of Errococcus Targ. Attacking Lepto-spermum,” Mr. J. M. Hoy. At the meeting on November 4 the following paper was read by title: “Additions to the Rotatoria of New Zealand, Part 6,” Mr. C. R. Russell.

Public Meetings. March 23 A public meeting to inaugurate Museum Week and in support of the Museum Building Fund was sponsored by the Branch in collaboration with the Canterbury Museum Trust Board. Held in the Civic Theatre, whose capacity is about 1,200, the meeting was very well attended, several hundred people having to be turned away as the theatre was full. The Branch President (Dr I. D. Blair), who presided. welcomed the Mayor of Christchurch (Mr. R. M. Macfarlane), who expressed his appreciation of the efforts of the Branch to assist the Museum Appeal. The history of the Canterbury Museum was then described by Professor R. S. Allan. Dr. R. A. Falla, Director of the Dominion Museum. Wellington, then gave an address, illustrated by lantern slides and a moving picture, on the Notornis. A film of the Canterbury Museum expedition to Fiordland earlier in the year was then shown, with a commentary by Mr. H. B. Wisely. At the conclusion of the meeting cheques in aid of the Building Fund were presented to Mr. J. L. Hay. as Chairman of the Museum Trust Board on behalf of the Canterbury Branch of the Royal Society, the Association of Friends of the Museum, and the Christchurch Numismatic Society.

November 4: Another successful public meeting was held in Room 15 at Canterbury University College on the subject: “Economic Development and Population Growth” Speakers were Professor H. Belshaw (Victoria University College) and Mr. H. E. Garrett (Canterbury Agricultural College, Lincoln). Mr. A. J. Danks (Canterbury University College) opened the discussion. The attendance was about 80.

Honorary Treasurer's Report. There is a small surplus of income over expenditure for the year of £23 18s 3d. The portion of the Post Office Savings Bank account applicable to the Fari Fund has now been used for purchase of periodicals and binding costs, leaving the balance of the fund at £500, represented by Government Stock at 3 per cent., which will mature on December 15, 1956. Subscriptions in a [ unclear: ] rrears total £57 15s, the amount for the previous year being £54 14s; it is expected that all these subscriptions will be recovered. Owing to rising costs, all expenditure has increased during the year, and it will probably be necessary to review the amount of the annual subscription at the end of 1954. The sum of £136 4s 6d was received by the Society for the Centennial Memorial Museum Appeal, and the excess of income over expenditure of £39 8s 3d in the Seventh Science Congress Account was transferred to the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Honorary Librarian's Report. The past year has seen continued steady use by our members of the combined libraries of the Society and of Canterbury University College, including the special facilities such as postal borrowing, microfilms, and bibliographical services. The provision of an additional fifty readers' seats in the “Hut” has not directly affected our members, but, by easing somewhat the pressure on space, has already made conditions a little better all round. There is no other progress to record in solving space problems. The Society's material itself receives preferential treatment in the matter of shelving, but conditions generally are distressing in the extreme. One notable event of the year has been the publication, after 15 years' preliminary work, of the “Union List of Serials in New Zealand Libraries.” In this are recorded the periodical holdings of the principal New Zealand libraries, including our own, which contributes its full share to the strength of New Zealand's total resources. A considerable amount of binding, both current and arrears, has been done during the year— at a cost. One new periodical subscription has been added for the benefit of our Scientific Photography Section, the “Journal of the Biological Photographic Association.” Other journals have been coming regularly, including those which we are glad to receive as donations from institutions and individuals. Mr. C. E. Fenwick now provides the “Geographical Journal,”

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while the “Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society” is provided by Mr. C. R. Russell, who has also presented during the year some volumes on scientific photography.

Report of Representative on the Riccarton Bush Board of Trustees. The availability of extra labour has enabled increased attention to be paid to the removal of exotic weeds, and the last remaining area of blackberry has been cleared. Most of the paths have been raised above winter water level so that it is possible to inspect the bush dry footed, even after heavy rain. Natural regeneration in the area previously cleared of oaks is now at such an advanced stage that it is difficult to realize that a few years go it was bare ground. The area of degenerate bush purchased at the time of acquiring the Riccarton Estate has been completely cleared of weeds. Several hundred native trees and shrubs were planted in this area, many of them being supplied from the newly established nursery.

All stumps were removed from the area under the deciduous trees to the left of the entrance drive. The surface was levelled and sown down in grass so that the whole of the area surrounding Riccarton House can now be closely mown.

Major reconstruction work has now been completed. If during the next five years the destruction of weeds is paralleled by an intensive programme of replanting vacant areas with natives, together with suitable silvicultural practices on the older trees, I have no doubt that the perpetuation of the bush in a state approaching its natural condition is assured.

Report of Representative on the Canterbury Museum Trust Board. Early in 1953 an expedition to Fiordland, west of Lake Te Anau, was made by a party representing the Museum for the purpose of extending the knowledge of Notornis and of the flora and other fauna of the area. Material was collected and photographs were taken in a region visited for the first time.

In order to add to the amount of money collected for extension of the Museum during the celebrations of the Centennial of Canterbury, an appeal to the people of Christchurch and of Canterbury was made by committees representing various interests, including the Canterbury Branch of the Royal Society. At a meeting sponsored by the latter, films made by members of the Fiordland Expedition were shown to the public. The efforts of the various bodies yielded more than £10,000, which, with its Government subsidy, was added to the amount already collected and subsidized.

In view of the results of the appeals for money, the Board decided to authorise the architects to proceed with the preparation of working plans and specifications in expectation that a start on building the proposed extension of the Museum would be made in the near future.

In the course of time, after application for a permit from the Building Controller to allow building of the Museum extension to begin, events are now in train which, it is expected, will lead to an early start on the erection of the Memorial Wing.

The educational work in the Museum continues with increasing demands on staff and accommodation.

The library receives more documents of historical value to the district. It is being continually organized and its usefulness as a storehouse of information increases.

Otago Branch of The Royal Society of New Zealand.

Annual Report for Session 1953.

Membership. The total membership stands at 182. This is an increase of three on last year's total New members elected: Mr. D. Byars (student member), Mr. E. L. Eastgate. Mr. C. R. Edwards, Mr. in Joel, Dr. D. D. McCarthy, Professor A. K. McIntyre, Mrs. D. McKinlay, Mr. A. J. Pottinger and Dr. J. B. Stott. Resignations: Mr. A. G. Y. Connor, Mr. J. S. Coombs. and Mr. S. S. Hall Transfers: To the Branch—Dr. Greta Cone from Wellington Branch; Mr. D. Hamilton, from Canterbury Branch. From the Branch—Mr. L. Crawford, Mr. J. Finkelstein, Mr. G. W. Grindley, Mr. W. I. Reilly, and Miss K. Soper, all to Wellington Branch; Mr. F. Wilson, to Canterbury Branch.

Deaths. Mr. A. J. Gillman and Mr. Alexander McGeorge.

Distinctions Gained by Members. Dr. W. N. Benson was awarded the Mueller Medal for his researches in Geology. Dr. D. A. Brown was awarded the Lyell Fund of the Geological Society of London for his researches on the Tertiary Polyzoa of New Zealand. Sir Charles Hercus was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh. Dr. C. O. Hutton, Professor of Petrology at Stanford University, U.S.A., has been awarded a

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Guggenheim Fellowship. Professor B. J. Marples was elected to Fellowship of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Dr. L. E. Richdale was awarded the Hector Medal and Prize of the Royal Society of New Zealand for his researches on bird behaviour.

Attendances at Branch Meetings. 80, 105, 70, 37, 28, 55, 107; an average of 69.

Representatives on Museum Management Committee. Miss Beryl Brewin and Dr. Basil Howard have continued to represent the Branch on this Committee.

Representatives on the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Professor W. E. Adams, President of the Branch, and Mr. O. H. Keys, J.P., Vice-President, again represented Otago on the governing body of the Society.

Joint Meeting. The second monthly meeting of the Branch, in May, was a joint one with the Classical Association of Otago and the Historical Section of the Branch, to hear Dr. Blake Palmer lecture on “Lepcis Magna: a Coastal City of Roman Tripolitania”. A large audience of 105 heard a most interesting address, illustrated by lantern slides and material exhibits, on the rise and decline of this ancient city in relation to its agricultural background.

Visit of President. Dr. W. R. Oliver, President of the Royal Society of New Zealand, was invited to Lecture to the Branch in October. He chose as his subject, “New Species of Plants and Animals in New Zealand”. Dr. Oliver, who has made many noteworthy contributions to both Zoology and Botany, dealt mainly with evolutionary trends, illustrating his remarks with epidiascope pictures and specimens. The Branch is indebted to Dr. Oliver for giving up his time in order to pay us a visit.

Conversazione. The annual Museum Conversazione, held on October 27, under the auspices of the Association of Friends of the Museum and this Branch, was, attended by some 250 persons. The meeting was opened by Mr. A. C. Cameron, M.C., President of the Association of Friends of the Museum, after which Dr. Skinner, D.C.M., F.R.S.N.Z., Acting Director, spoke of the earlier days of the Museum Hall in which the meeting took place. Dr. Skinner mentioned the names of four men who had been intimately connected with the hall: they were James Hector, Frederick Wollaston Hutton, T. J. Parker and W. B. Benham. All four were Fellows of the Royal Society of London, and the first and last were knighted for their services, to science. Following Dr. Skinner came Dr. D. S. Fainer, Professor of Zoophysiology at the State College of Washington, Washington, U.S.A., who is at present working at Otago University. Dr. Fainer spoke on the National Parks of U.S.A., illustrating his address with some very beautiful coloured slides. A film on the operations of the Galathea deep-sea expedition in the vicinity of the Kermadec Islands brought the formal part of the evening to an end, after which members and guests were free to inspect new acquisitions to the Museum and partake of supper in the Maori House.

Main Branch Meetings. These were held without change, as notified in the printed session card.

Original Papers. The following papers were read by title before the Branch during the session:—” Studies on the New Zealand Amphipodan Fauna, No. 2. The Family Talitridae: the Fresh-water Genus Chiltonia Stebbing,” by Mr. D. E. Hurley. “Studies of the New Zealand Amphipodan Fauna. No. 3. The Family Phoxocephalidae,” by Mr. D. E. Hurley. “Studies of the New Zealand Amphipodan Fauna. No. 4. The Family Gammaridae, including a Revision of the Fresh-water Genus Phreatogammarus Stebbing,” by Mr. D. E. Hurley. “A New Species of Polyzoan, and Notes on Taxonomy,” by Dr. D. A. Brown. “Studies of the New Zealand Amphipodan Fauna. No. 5. Pleonexes lessoniae. a new species of the Family Amphithoidea,” by Mr. D. E. Hurley. “The Chemical Composition of the two New Zealand Species of Durvillea,” by Dr. Betty Moss, King's College. Newcastle-on-Tyne, and Dr. Margaret Naylor, Otago University. “Zeolitization and Incipient Metamorphism of Tuffs and Grey-wackes from Taringatura Survey District, Southland,” by Dr. D. S. Coombs. “A Note on the Female Conceptacle and Young Sporeling of the Four New Zealand Species of Carpophyllum,” by Dr. Margaret Naylor. “The Structure and Development of Monoclea forsteri, Hook,” by Miss Ella Campbell. “Geonemertes pantum, a new land Nemertine from the Dunedin District,” by Mr. A. J. Southgate. “A Description of a New Species of Compound Ascidian from Cape Campbell,” by Miss Beryl Brewin.

Historical Section. Six meetings were held during the year, including one in conjunction with the Classical Association and the Royal Society. The average attendance at lectures was slightly lower than in 1952; but membership, which stands at 24, has been well maintained. This figure excludes those who are full members of the Royal Society.

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We offer our sympathy in his illness to Mr. W. R. Mayhew, our secretary. Until his return to duty next year, secretarial tasks are being carried out by Mr. David Esplin.

Astronomical Section. During the year one general and two committee meetings were held.

Office-bearers. Mr. G. S. Smith was elected chairman, Mr. G. G. Couling honorary secretary, and Mr. E. W. Chrisp, honorary Observatory Director.

Beverly-Begg Observatory. The winter observing season composed 21 Saturday evening sessions, from May 9 to September 26, ten nights being suitable for observation. The sessions were conducted by Committee members on a rota system and many other clear nights were utilised to entertain interested people. About 350 members of the public visited the Observatory in addition to Associates of the Section and members of the Telescope Makers' Club.

Equipment. During the year the hon, secretary arranged for the 12-inch mirror and diagonal mirror to be sent to Wellington, where they were successfully aluminised by the Dominion Physical Laboratory in Lower Hutt. It is hoped that this type of reflective coating will give longer service than silver.

All other equipment has been maintained in good order.

Attention might be drawn, however, to the observatory dome, which is in need of recovering, and to the sliding shutter, which is warped and in need of repau.

Occultations. The honorary secretary has continued observations of lunar occultations. assisted by Mr. R. N. Campbell. To date eight results have been obtained and forwarded to Carter Observatory, Wellington.

Aurorae. The year 1953 has been a lean one for displays of the polar aurora as we are at present at the low ebb of the eleven-year cycle Committee members have kept fairly constant witch, but only two displays have been observed.

Transit of Mercury. The planet Mercury will cross the sun's disc on the morning of November .15, N.Z. time, and it is hoped that accurate observations will be possible if weather conditions permit.

Queenstown Transit Site. The memorial at Queenstown commemorating observation of the 1874 transit of Venus by an American expedition was formally unveiled at a ceremony attended by Messrs. W. D. Anderson and J. C. Begg.

The Section, which instigated the formation of this memorial, supplied the bronze plaque bearing the legend relating its significance.

Membership. The roll stands at 12 full members and 30 Associates.

Nelson Philosophical Society

Annual Report for Year ended September 30, 1953.

The Annual Meeting was held on Monday, October 20, 1952.

The following officers were elected for the 1952–53 session. President, Dr. H. O. Askew. Vice-President, Mr. R. S. S. Meredith. Secretary-Treasurer, Mr. R. J. Monk. Committee. Mrs. J. Hodgson, Messrs. G. M. Smait, A. W. Bowman, L. Gurr, E. Gourley, B. B. Given Representative on Council Royal Society, Dr. D. Miller. Hon. Auditor, Mr. T. Christie.

Meetings. During the session seven meetings were held, at which addresses, covering a wide range of subjects, were given. These were: “French Furniture,” by Mrs. P. Moncrieff. “Plant Life and Its Chemistry,” by Dr. H. O. Askew (Presidential Address). “European Agriculture in Indonesia,” by Dr. R. H. Roborgh. “Gothic Architecture in the Cathedrals of England, “by Mr. G. C. Lane. “Establishment and Development of Dehydration on a Commercial Basis in N.Z.,” by Mr. J. T. Price “Impressions of England.” by Mr. B. H. Wood Three Lecturettes: “A New Record Concerning the ‘Powder-post’ Beetle,” by Dr. D. Miller. “Some Aspects of Wood.” by Mr. G. H. Chapman “The Mystery of the Bubble in the Tunnel.” by Mr. R. S. S. Meredith.

Membership. During the session the deaths occurred of two members, Mr. F. G. Gibbs and Mr. W. Keesing. Five members resigned and two new members were enrolled. The total membership is now 46—comprised of 33 Full Members and 13 Associate Members.

Finances. The Balance Sheet shows a credit balance of £4 6s 6d. Accounts still to be paid amount to approximately £2 5s 6d. while subscriptions still outstanding amount to £4.

Attendance. The attendance at the monthly meetings was fairly constant, and averaged 21—that is less than half the total membership.

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Papers Read. Only one paper was read (by title only)—this was by Mr. A. W. Parrott.

Coronation Medals. Five present and two past members of the Society were awarded coronation medals.

Southland Branch of The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Annual Report for year ended March 31, 1954.

Membership. For 1952 season, 45. For 1953 season, 50.

Dr. L. E. Richdale's Ornithologican Research on Whero Island. Our responsibility for this work—viz, the maintenance of a hut on the island, has had excellent results, as Dr. Richdale reports that last season was highly (successful in his work of mutton-bud population study. Although Dr. Richdale is now at Oxford for a period of two years, the marked nesting sites and banded birds will, as he says, “work for him” dining his absence. The hut is in good order and will be so maintained by this Branch.

The programme for the year was as follows. Annual Meeting, April. “Science and the Modem World,” the President, Mr. A. J. Deaker. May 'The Fishing Industry in New Zealand” (with special reference to Crayfish), Mr. J. H. Sorensen. June; “Water,” Mr. D. H. Keys, Government Analyst. July: “Two Hundred Million Years Ago,” Mr. Ian McKellar (Geological Survey). September: Films, “Atomic Energy,” “Voices Under the Sea.” “British Expedition to Jan Maycn. Greenland,” “Legend of the Wanganui River” October. “Television, Past and Present,” Mr. F. R. Rose.

Representation on Standing Committee. We are deeply indebted to Dr. H. H. Allan, who has been our representative on Standing Committee, Wellington. Owing to ill-health he has now resigned this position Dr. Geo. Uttley, founder and first president of this Branch, has been appointed in his place.

Thanks. For assistance during the year the Council desires to thank the Museum Board, the Press, the Lecturers, the National Film Library, the S.B H.S., and Mr. E. McK. Lyon, auditor.