Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 83, 1955-56
This text is also available in PDF
(755 KB) Opens in new window
– 453 –

Additions to the Rust Fungi of New Zealand, II

[Received by the Editor, March 30, 1955.]


Rusts recorded for the Dominion now total 162. A new species of Milesia infecting Lindsaya cuneata C. Chr. and eight species introduced into New Zealand are described and illustrated. Eighteen new host records are given.

Since the publication of Additions to the Rust Fungi of New Zealand I. (Cunningham, 1945), the following rusts and hosts have been collected, bringing the total for the Dominion to 162 species. This number includes French bean rust (Uromyces appendiculatus (Pers.) Unger) which was recorded on Phaseolus vulgaris L. by Brien & Jacks (1954), Puccinia alboclava Baylis and Uredo puawhananga Baylis recorded on Clematis species by Baylis (1954).

In this paper species are arranged according to the classification given by Cunningham (1931).

The writer wishes to thank Dr. G. H. Cunningham and Miss J. M. Dingley for their advice and Miss Beryl J. Hooton for Latin description of one species.

Family Melampsoraceae

Tribe Pucciniastreae

Milesia lindsayae n.sp. (Text-fig. I, Fig. 1)

0, I. Ignoti.

II. Uredosori hypophylli, sparsi, subinde 2-3 coniuncti, in inaequalibus castaneis maculis immersi, pustulati rotundi, 0.1-0.25 mm diam., pallide cinnamomeo epidermide tecti, per medium foramen demum rumpentes. Peridium hemisphaericum, cellulis peridii levibus, hyalinis vel pallide flavis, pariete 1-1.5μ crasso, cellulis superioribus inaequaliter polygonalibus ad 20μ diam., cellulis a latere radiatim elongatis ad 50μ. Uredosporae inaequaliter obovatae vel ellipticae, 19-30 × 13-24μ; cellulis stipitis brevibus, 12 × 11μ, epispora hyalina, 1μ crassa, late conicis echinulis 1.5μ altis, 1μ latis, 1 5-2.5μ separatis ornata, foraminibus germinatis 4-6, sparsis, obscuris.

III. Ignoti.

0, I. Unknown.

II. Uredosori hypophyllous, scattered, occasionally two to three together, immersed in irregular chestnut-brown lesions, pustular, round. 0.1-0.25 mm diameter, covered by pale cinnamon epidermis, finally rupturing through central pore. Peridium hemispherical peridial cells smooth, hyaline to pallid yellow, wall 1-1.5μ thick; upper cells irregularly polygonal, up to 20μ diameter; lateral cells radially elongated up to 50μ. Uredospores irregularly obovate or elliptical,

– 454 –

19–30 × 13-24μ, average 24 × 17μ; stalk cells short, 12 × 11μ; epispore hyaline, 1μ thick, ornamented with broadly conical echinulae, 1.5μ high, 1μ wide, 1.5-2.5μ apart; germ pores 4-6, scattered, obscure.

III. Unknown.

Distribution. New Zealand.

Host. Lindsaya cuneata C. Chr.

Auckland: Orewa, April, 1955, V. P. Hastings; Kaukapakapa, May, 1955, V. P. Hastings.

Wellington: Floor of beech forest near Upper Hutt, March, 1953, A. J. Healy; type collection, P.D.D. herbarium No. 14069.

Part of the type collection was sent for identification to Dr. J. H. Faull, Massachusetts. He replied that the species was new and that the genus Lindsaya had not previously been recorded as a host for Milesia.

Following Faull (1932) Milesia White is accepted as valid over Milesina Magnus. Magnus rejected White's name because he did not describe the teleuto-sporial or “perfect” stage, and redescribed the genus under the name Milesina. Rogers (1948), in discussing the conservation of Milesia against Milesina, pointed out that since the type collection shows teleutospores the incompleteness of White's original description should not affect the validity of Milesia.

As yet, Milesia histiopteridis (G. H. Cunn.) Faull is the only other New Zealand representative of this tropical rust genus. It differs from M. lindsayae in having verrueose not echinulate uredospores.

Tribe Melampsoreae

Melampsora euphorbiae (Schubert) Castagne, Obs. Pi. Acotyl., 2, 18, 1843. (Text-Fig. I, Fig. 2.)

(Uredo helioscopiae Pers., Tent. Disp. Method. Fung., 13, 1797.)

Uredo euphorbiae-helioscopiae Pers., Syn. Meth. Fung., 215, 1801.

Uredo helioscopiae Schum. Enum. Pl. Saellandiae, 2, 229, 1803.

Xyloma (Placuntium) euphorbiae Schub. Fic., Fl. Dresd., 2, 31, 1823.

Melampsora helioscopiae (Pers.) Wint., Kryptogamenflora. 1, 240, 1884.

Melampsora cyparissiae W. Muell., Centralb. f. Bakt., 19, 561, 1907.

0, I. Not seen.

II. Uredosori hypophyllous and caulicolous. numerous, singly or in circinnate groups, 0.5-2 mm diameter, pulverulent, orange-yellow. Spores subglobose to obovate, 15-21 × 12-18μ, average 18 × 15μ; contents orange-yellow; epispore hyaline, 2-3μ thick, finely and rather closely echinulate, germ pores several, scattered, obscure. Paraphyses numerous, capitate, hyaline, head 18-24μ diameter, average 20μ, wall about 4μ thick, to 70μ long.

III. Teleutosori hypophyllous, then circinnately arranged around uredosori or caulicolous, confluent, sometimes girdling the stem, up to 2 cm long with uredosori intermixed, compact, dark chestnut-brown to black, subepidermal, indehiscent. Spores prismatic, laterally compacted, unicellular, 33-72 × 8-18μ, average 53 × 11μ, varying according to the size of the sorus; apex bluntly rounded or truncate, to 5μ thick; epispore smooth, olive-brown, 1-2μ thick.

Type Locality. Near Dresden, Germany, on Euphorbia exigua L.

Distribution. Worldwide.

Host. Euphorbia peplus L.

Auckland: Owairaka, February, 1954, F. J. Newhook; Three Kings. February, 1954, S. D. B.; Remuera, March, 1954, J. M. Dingley; Waikowhai, March, 1954,

– 455 –
Picture icon

Text-fig. 1.—Fig. 1.—Milesia lindsayae Baker a. Uredosorus. b. Uredospores. Fig. 2.—Melampsora euphorbiae (Schub.) Cast. a. Part of teleutosorus. b. Uredospores. c. Para-physis. Fig. 3.—Puccinia antirrhini Diet. & Holw. a. Teleutospores. b. Uredospores.

– 456 –

S. D. B.; Mt. Albert, April, 1954, J. D. Atkinson; Owairaka, May, 1954, E. M. Hay; Te Aroha, May, 1954, J. M. Dingley; Mangere, July, 1954, F. J. Newhook; Thames, Kauaeranga Valley, September, 1954, S. D. B.; Thames, Waiomo Valley, September, 1954, S. D. B.; Mt. Eden, December, 1954, January, 1955, G. H. Cunningham.

Canterbury: Riccarton, Christchurch, February, 1955, A. J. Healy.

Since first collected, in February, 1954, the rust has become widespread in the Auckland Province on Euphorbia peplus and has been recorded from Christchurch. A European host, E. helioscopica L., often grows near rusted E. peplus in Auckland without itself becoming infected, a fact which indicates the existence of biological races within the species. Mueller (1907) gave specific rank to these races, but later workers (Jorstad, 1953) recognise Melampsora euphorbiae as a compound species consisting of several biological races confined to various Euphorbia species.

Cunningham (1931) named from New Zealand Melampsora novae-zelandiae on the indigenous Euphorbia glauca Forst. f. Only uredospores are described which differ from those of M. euphorbiae in that the uredospore wall is slightly thicker and more sparsely echinulate. Until teleutospores have been found it is preferable to retain M. novae-zealandiae as a separate species.

Melampsora hypericorum (De Candolle) Winter, Rabh. Kryptogamenflora, 1, 241, 1884.

Uredo hypericorum Dc., Mem. Soc. agric. Fr. 10, 235, 1807.

Melampsora hypericorum (Dc.) Schroct., Abh. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult, Nat. Abth., 1869-72, 26, 1870.

Pucciniastrum hypericum (Dc.) Karst., Bidr. Finl. Nat. Folk, 31, 56, 1879.

Mesopsora hypericorum (Wint.) Diet., Ann. mycol., 20, 30, 1922.

0, I. Unknown.

II. Uredosori hypophyllous on brownish-red indefinite lesions, deeply-sunken, scattered, circular in outline, 0.5-1.5 mm diameter, pulverulent, surrounded by the torn epidermis, orange-gold. Spores polygonal to oblong-ovate, 18-28 × 11-19μ, average 21 × 18μ, borne in chains of 2-3; contents orange-gold; epispore hyaline to pallid yellow, 2-3μ thick, moderately and closely verrucose, germ pores several, scattered, obscure. No paraphyses present.

III. Not seen.

Type Locality. Lectotype on Hypericum perforatum L., Middle Europe.

Distribution. World-wide.

Host. Hypericum androsaemum L.

Auckland: Hamilton, January, 1952, Instr. Agriculture; Raglan, February, 1952, J. Murray.

Wellington: Upper Hutt, January, 1952, March, 1952, A. J. Healy; Wellington, March, 1952, B. F. A. Rough; Akatarawa, Upper Hutt, May, 1952, A. J. Healy.

Canterbury: Fendalton, Chiristchurch, April, 1954, A. J. Healy; Riccarton, October, 1954, A. J. Healy; Akaroa, January, 1955, A. J. Healy.

Marlborough: Mt. Fyffe, Kaikoura, November, 1952, E. C. Brown.

Otago: Tomahawk Lagoon, Dunedin, November, 1953, J. Murray; near Port Chalmers, August, 1954, A. J. Healy.

Stewart Island: Half-Moon Bay, February, 1954, J. M. Dingley.

Chatham Island: Te Whanga Lagoon, Te One, May, 1954, E. A. Madden.

– 457 –

When Schroeter transferred Uredo hypericorum Dc. to the genus Melampsora he described only uredospores. Since Winter first recorded teleutospores in 1884, his name has priority over that of Schroeter.

The taxonomic position of this species has caused much discussion. Dietel (1922) believing it to have characters intermediate between those of Coleosporium and Melampsora, erected the genus Mesopsora, containing but one species Mesopsora hypericorum. However, later workers (Jorstad, 1953; Bisby & Wilson, 1954) considered the evidence insufficient for such a change and continued to use the name Melampsora hypericorum.

Grove (1913) classified the spores as caeomospores, since they were borne in chains Dietel (1922) however, pointed out that uredospores of many genera may be borne singly or in chains and that pycnidia have not been found; by comparison with similar species he suggested an alternate aecidial host, probably a coniferous one.

Tutsan rust was previously recorded for New Zealand by Baker (1955).

Family Pucciniaceae

Tribe Puccineae

Puccinia antirrhini Dietel & Holway in Dietel, Hedwigia, 36, 298, 1897. (Text-fig. I, Fig. 3.)

0, I. Unknown.

II. Uredosori hypophyllous and caulicolous pulvinate, pulverulent, to 1.5 mm diameter, scattered or in circinnate groups, surrounded by the ruptured epidermis, chestnut-brown. Spores subglobose, elliptical or obovate, 20-27 × 18-24μ, average 23 × 21μ; epispore moderately and finely echinulate, to 3μ thick, light chestnut-brown; germ pores 2-3, equatorial.

III. Teleutosori hypophyllous, orbicular, to 2.5 mm diameter, or caulicolous, confluent and linear to 2 cm, bullate, becoming exposed by the epidermis fissuring longitudinally, black. Spores variable in shape, elongate-oblong or subclavate, 34-58 × 16-26μ, average 45 × 20μ, usually two-celled, occasionally 1-, 3- or 4- celled; apex flattened, bluntly rounded or acuminate, sometimes oblique, thickened to 9μ, more deeply coloured; base somewhat attenuated; usually constricted at the septum; epispore smooth, to 3μ thick, chestnut-brown; pedicel partly persistent, hyaline, to 75 × 10μ.

Type Locality. Berkeley, California, U.S A., on Antirrhinum majus L.

Distribution Europe, North America, Africa, Asia Minor, Australia, New Zealand.

Host. Antirrhinum majus L.

Auckland: Remuera, December, 1953, J. M. Dingley; Three Kings, February, 1954, S. D. B., Epsom, November, 1954, S. D. B.

Nelson: Nelson City, January, 1955, I. L. Brown.

Marlborough: Blenheim, October, 1954, D. W. McCallum.

Canterbury: Christchurch, December, 1954, J. Coombe; Riccarton, Christchurch, February, 1955, A. J. Healy.

Since Puccinia antirrhini was first recorded by Helson (1953) it has become widespread on Antirrhinum majus L. in Auckland City and has been recorded from Nelson, Blenheim and Christchurch.

Although P. antirrhini is a cosmopolitan species and has been known from America for over sixty years, the alternate aecidial host has not been found.

– 458 –

Mains (1924) showed that teleutospores are unable to reinfect antirrhinum plants. The rust appears to maintain itself by a repeating uredo-cycle.

Puccinia cynodontis Lacroix in Desm., Pl. Crypt. II, 655, 1889. (Text-fig. II, Fig. 1.)

Dicaeoma cynodontis Ktze., Rev. Gen., 3, 468, 1898.

Aecidium planiaginis Ces., Erb. Critt. Ital. 247, 1859.

0, I. Not seen.

II. Uredosori mainly hypophyllous, sometimes on purple lesions, scattered or gregarious, oval to elliptical in outline, 0.5-1 mm, pulverulent, surrounded by the ruptured epidermis, cinnamon. Spores subglobose to obovate, 21-28 × 19-26μ, average 23 × 21μ; epispore pallid brown, closely and finely echinulate, 2-3μ thick, germ pores 2, sometimes 3, equatorial.

III. Not seen.

Type Locality. France, on Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

Distribution. Warmer parts of Europe and North America, West Indies, Central and South America, Asia, Africa, India, Japan, Australia, New Zealand.

Host. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

Auckland: Piha, January, 1951, J. M. Dingley; Raglan, March, 1951, J. M. Dingley.

Wellington: Upper Hutt, July, 1952, A. J. Healy.

Puccinia cynodontis, native to the Mediterranean region, has become widespread in most warm countries of the world.

Much work has been carried out to relate P. cynodontis with its alternate aecidial host. Guyot & Viennot-Bourgin (1942), discussing these alternate hosts, stated that Tranzschel first established the relationship of P. cynodontis with Aecidium plantaginis Ces., which infects plantains. He and other workers showed by inoculation experiments that P. cynodontis has numerous aecidial hosts belonging to several genera including Plantago, Viola, Delphinium, Valerianella and Mercurialis. No alternate host has yet been established for New Zealand.

Puccinia porri (Sowerby) Winter, Rabenh. Kryptogamenflora, 1, 200, 1884. (Text-fig. II, Fig. 2)

Uredo porri Sow., Engl. Fungi, pl. 411, 1810.

Uredo alliorum Dc., Fl. Franc., 6, 82, 1815.

Dicaeoma porri (Sow.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen., 3, 470, 1898.

II. Uredosori mainly amphigenous, scattered, elliptical, to 1.5 mm long, pulverulent, surrounded by the ruptured epidermis, ferrugineus. Spores elliptical, subovate or subglobose, 23-27 × 18-24μ, average 26 × 22μ; epispore pallid yellow, finely and moderately echinulate, 1 5μ thick, germ pores 8-10, scattered.

III. Not seen.

Type Locality. England, on Allium porrum L.

Distribution. Europe, Asia, North America, New Zealand.

Host. Allium ascalonicum L.

Auckland: Rotorua, December, 1949, H. C. Smith.

Allium cepa L.

Auckland: Rotorua, December, 1949, H. C. Smith.

Puccinia porri differs from P. allii Rud., a Mediterranean species infecting Allium species, in possessing cupulate aecidia and a higher proportion of mesospores to teleutospores. Jorstad (1932) finding it difficult clearly to delimit the

– 459 –
Picture icon

Text-fig. II.—Fig. 1.—Puccinia cynodontis Desm. Uredospores. Fig. 2—Puccinia porn (Sow.) Wint. Uredospores. Fig. 3.—Uromyces armeriae (Schlecht.) Lev. a. Teleutospores. b. Uredospores. Fig. 4.—Uromyces bidentis. Lagerh. Uredospores Fig. 5.—Uromyces scillaruri (Grev.) Wint. Teleutospores.

– 460 –

two species, preferred to consider P. porri in a wide sense to include P. allii and also P. blasdalei Diet. & Holw., a western North American species.

Since there have been no further records, the rust does not appear to have become established in New Zealand.

Uromyces armeriae (Schlechtendal) Leveille ex Kickx, Fl. Crypt. Flandres, 2, 73, 1867. (Text-fig. II, Fig. 3.)

Caeoma armeriae Schlecht. Fl. Berol. 2. 126, 1824.

Uredo armeriae (Schlecht.) Duby, Bot. Gall. 889, 1830.

Erysibe armeriae Wallr. Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2. 208. 1833.

Nigredo armeriae (Schlecht.) Arthur, N. Amer. Fl. 7, 11, 768, 1926.

Uromyces armeriae ssp. armeriae Savile & Conners, Mycologia, 43, 189, 1951.

O. Not seen.

I. Aecidiosori amphigenous, in small groups, pallid yellow, 0.3 mm. diameter. Peridia cupulate, margins erect or somewhat incurved. Spores polygonal or ellipsoid, 19-26 × 17-21μ, average 23 × 18μ; epispore hyaline to pallid yellow, finely and closely verrucose, to 2μ thick.

II. Uredosori amphigenous, scattered or gregarious, circular to elliptical, 0.5-2 mm long, pulverulent, surrounded by the ruptured epidermis, cinnamon Spores subglobose, obovate, elliptical or somewhat angular, 26-30 × 20-26μ. average 29 × 23μ; epispore closely and coarsely echinulate, pallid yellow-brown, 1.5-2.5μ thick, germ pores 2-3. equatorial.

III. Teleutosori amphigenous, scattered or gregarious, circular to elliptical, 0.5-2 mm. long, pulverulent, surrounded by the ruptured epidermis, dark chestnut-brown. Spores angular or short oblong, 23-33 × 23-30μ, average 29 × 26μ, apex truncate, thickened to 6μ; epispore smooth, 2.5-3.5μ thick, chestnut-brown, apical germ pore; pedicel partly persistent, fragile, hyaline.

Type Locality. Berlin. Germany, on Armeria maritima (Mill.) Willd.

Distribution. North America, Europe, New Zealand.

Host. Armeria plantaginea Willd.

Auckland: Three Kings, August, 1949, H. C. Smith.

For North America, Savile & Conners (1951) distinguished three geographical subspecies which they separated on host species, on the number of germ pores in uredospores and the position of thickening on the teleutospore wall. The New Zealand collection is comparable with their subspecies armeriae.

In the collection examined, immature aecidiosori are present on the same leaf as teleuto- and uredosori, a feature which according to Saville & Conners (1951) distinguishes Uromyces armeriae from U. limonii (Dc.) Lev. the rust infecting Limonium species. Pycniosori which have seldom been recorded overseas are not present on the New Zealand collection.

Uromyces bidentis Lagerheim, Bull. Soc. Myc. Fr. 11, 213, 1895. (Text-fig. II, Fig. 4.)

Uredo bidentis P. Henn., Hedwigia, 35, 251, 1896.

Uredo bidenticola P. Henn., Hedwigia. 37, 279, 1898.

Caeomurus bidentis Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 3, 449, 1898.

Uredo amaniensis P. Henn., Bot. Jahih. 38, 106, 1905.

Klebahnia bidentis (P. Henn.) Arth., Mycologia, 7, 196, 1915.

Uromyces densus Arth., Mycologia, 7, 196, 1915.

Uromyces bidenticola Arth., Mycologia, 9, 71, 1917.

Teleutospora bidentis (Lagerh.) Arthur & Bisby, N. Am Fl. 7. 520. 1922.

0, I. Not seen.

– 461 –

II. Uredosori amphigenous and caulicolous, more numerous on the lower leaf surface, scattered or gregarious, orbicular, 0.1-1 mm diameter, bullate, partly enclosed by the ruptured epidermis, cinnamon. Uredospores obovate, shortly elliptical or subglobose, 25-32 × 19-25μ, average 28 × 24μ; epispore sparsely and coarsely echinulate, 1-1. 5μ thick, pallid yellow, germ pores 2, equatorial or supraequatorial; intermixed with scattered cylindrical or slightly clavate, hyaline paraphyses to 60 × 6μ.

Type Locality. Ecuador, South America, on Bidens andicola H. B. K.

Distribution. North and South America, Canary Islands, Africa, India, Australia, New Zealand.

Host. Bidens pilosa L.

Auckland: Mt. Wellington, June, 1944, J. M. Dingley.

The host, an introduced species, is locally abundant in the north of the North Island.

Arthur & Bisby (1922) recognised two species of rust infecting the genus Bidens; one with a life cycle involving pycniospores, uredospores and teleutospores was described by Arthur as Klebahnia bidentis (P. Henn.) Arth. (= Uromyces bidenticola Arth.) while a second with a life cycle involving only teleutospores was named Teleutospora bidentis (Lagerh.) Arthur & Bisby (= Uromyces bidentis Lagerh.). Since teleutospores in both appear to be identical, it seems preferable to follow Sydow (1910) who regarded them as forms of a single species.

Uromyces scillarum (Greville) Winter in Rabh. Kryptogamenflora, 1, 142, 1884. (Text-fig. II, Fig. 5.)

Uredo scillarum Grev, ex Berk, in Smith, Engl. Fl. 5, 376, 1836.

II. Not seen.

III. Teleutosori amphigenous, 0.5 mm diameter, crowded together, circinnately arranged on yellow lesions, to 6 mm diameter, often confluent, 2 cm in length, bullate, surrounded by the ruptured epidermis, dark cinnamon. Spores irregularly truncated or pyriform, apex somewhat flattened, not thickened, base attenuated, 23-32 × 17-22μ, average 26 × 19μ; epispore smooth or with two or three faint lines running from apex to base, 1-1.5μ thick, yellow ochre; pedicel fragile, persistent for a short time, to 30μ long.

Type Locality. England, on Scilla nonscripta (L.) Hoffing. & Link.

Distribution. Europe, North Africa, North America, New Zealand.

Host. Scilla campanulata Ait.

Otago: Dunedin, July, 1950, G. T. S. Baylis.

Uromyces scillarum does not appear to have become established in New Zealand since there have been no further recordings.

Teleutosori, which are very common on Scilla species in Europe, are characterised by their marked circinnate arrangement.

Additional Host Records

Puccinia anomala Rostrup.

Host. Hordeum murinum L.

Canterbury: Riccarton, Christchurch, December, 1954, A. J. Healy.

Puccinia caricina Dc. ex Jorstad.

Host. Carex gaudichaudiana (Boott) Kunth.

– 462 –

The host species is confined to New Zealand, Australia and Tasmania.

This species was recorded for New Zealand as Puccinia caricis (Pers.) Reb. by Cunningham (1931). Jorstad (1932) showed that this name “cannot be used as it concerns a rust on Carex praecox Jacq. no doubt of P. silvatica type (to P. dioicae s. lat.) as pointed out by Arthur (1910, p. 223). Uredo caricis Schum. (Enum. pl. Saell., 2, p. 22, 1803) which has been considered the oldest valid name is a homonym; the older Uredo caricis Pers. (Syn. Fung., p. 225, 1801) refers to Cintractia caricis Magn.” Therefore on grounds of priority he revived the specific epithet “caricina”.

Puccinia elymi Westendorp.

Host. Bromus gussonii Parl.

Wellington: Upper Hutt, November. 1952, A J. Healy.

Canterbury: Riccarton, Christchurch, December, 1954, A. J. Healy.

Puccinia graminis Pers.

Host. Anthoxanthum odoratum L.

Auckland: Waiomo, Thames, October, 1950, J. M. Dingley.

Wellington: Upper Hutt, December, 1952, A. J. Healy; Wallaceville, January, 1953, A. J. Healy.

Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) Beauv.

Otago: Tapanui, January, 1928, H. H. Allan.

Poa anceps Forst.

Wellington: Waimarino, May, 1930, H. H. Allan.

The host is endemic.

Poa aquatica L.

Hawke's Bay: Arataki, February, 1922, G. H. Cunningham.

Puccinia hydrocotyles (Link.) Cke.

Host. Hydrocotyle elongata A. Cunn.

Wellington: Haywards, May, 1953, A. J. Healy.

The host is confined to New Zealand, growing in damp, shady woods (Cheeseman, 1925, p. 644).

Puccinia juncophila Cke. & Mass.

Host. Juncus effusus L.

Canterbury: Woodend, north of Kaiapoi, September, 1952, A. J. Healy.

Juncus pusillus Buchen.

Wellington: Upper Hutt, October, 1952, A. J. Healy.

This host is found in New Zealand, Tasmania and Australia.

Puccinia lapsanae Fckl.

Host. Lapsana communis L.

Canterbury: Riccarton, Christchurch, October, 1954, A. J. Healy.

Aecidiosori, not previously recorded for New Zealand, where abundant on leaves and petioles of these specimens.

Puccinia malvacearum Bert.

Host. Lavatera cretica L.

Wellington: Upper Hutt, February, 1953, A. J. Healy.

Malva neglecta Wallr.

Canterbury: N. W. of Waikare, April, 1950, A. J. Healy; Mt. Highfield, Mason River, Waiau, December, 1954, A. J. Healy.

– 463 –

Malva parviflora L.

Auckland: Frankton Junction, October, 1945, A. J. Healy.

Puccinia tararua G. H. Cunn.

Host. Gentiana antarctica T. Kirk.

Campbell Island, November, 1951, ex Botany Division.

The host, a very distinct species, is confined to Campbell Island (Cheeseman, 1925, p. 735). P. tararua has been recorded previously from Auckland Islands as well as mountain ranges of New Zealand.

Uromyces edwardsiae G. H. Cunn.

Host. Edwardsia prostrata Buch.

Canterbury: Waiau River, near Hanmer, June, 1947, A. J. Healy.

E. prostrata has a restricted distribution from Marlborough to South Canterbury and is fairly common on Banks Peninsula (Cheeseman, 1925, p. 530).

Uromyces striatus Schroet.

Host. Medicago hispida Gaertn.

Auckland: Piha, November, 1951, J. M. Dingley.

Canterbury: Port Hills, near Sumner, December, 1954. A. J. Healy.

Uromyces trifolii (Hedw. f.) Lev.

Host. Trifolium repens L.

Auckland: Orewa, November, 1950, J. M. Dingley.

Uromycladium notabile (Ludw.) McAlp.

Host. Acacia baileyana. F. v. Muell.

Auckland: Mt. Albert, December, 1948. J. M. Dingley.

Literature Cited

Arthur, J. C. and Bisby, G. R., 1922. N.Amer Fl, 7. 516-520

Arthur, J. C., 1933. Bull. Torrey. Bot. Club, 60, 475-476.

Baker, Shirley D., 1955. N.Z. J. Sci. Tech., 37. 483-484.

Baylis. G. T. S., 1954. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z, 81. 633-637

Brien, R. M. and Jacks, H., 1954 N.Z. J. Sci Tech. 36. 280-284.

Cheeseman, T. F., 1925. Manual of the New Zealand Flora, Ed. 2, 1163 pp.

Cunningham, G. H., 1931. The Rust Fungi of New Zealand, 261 pp

—— 1945. Trans. Roy. Soc N.Z. 75, 324-327.

Dietel, P., 1922. Ann. Mycol, 20, 27-33.

Faull, J. H., 1932. Contr. Arnold Arboretum Harvard University, No. 2. 138 pp.

Grove, W. B., 1913, The British Rust Fungi, 421 pp.

Guyot, A. L. and Viennot-Bourgin, G., 1942. Ann. Ec. Agric. Grignon, 3, 100-105.

Helson, G. A. H. 1953 F.A O. Pl. Protection Bull., 1, 121-122.

Jorstad, I., 1932. Nytt. Mag. Naturv., 70, 325-408.

—— 1953. Uredineana. 4, 91-123.

Mains, E. B., 1924. Phytopathology, 14, 281-287.

Mueller, W., 1907. Centralbl. f. Bakt., 19, 544-563.

Rogers, D. P., 1948. Mycologia. 40, 241-254.

Savile, D. B. O., and Conners. I. L., 1951. Mycologia. 43, 186-195.

Sydow, P. and H., 1910. Monographia Uredinearum, 2, 1-144.

Wilson, M. and Bisby, G. R., 1954. Trans. Brit. Myc. Soc. 37, 61-86.

Miss Shirley D. Baker. M.Sc.

Plant Diseases Division
Private Bag