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Volume 83, 1955-56
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Faunal Notes

Protozoa
Ciliata
Loricate Vorticellidae Pachytrocha sp. 2 other ciliates Epizooitic on 1 species of harpacticoid copepod
Mastigophora—1 species Free living and present in very small numbers.
Platyhelminthes
Cestoda
Hymenolepididae Present in large numbers in intestine of dotterel.
Annelida
Polychaeta
Nereis sp. In the surface soil of the Salicornia zone.
Oligochaeta
Rhododrilus cockayni Benham Occurs in hummock soil. First record for New Zealand Previously known only from sub Antatic islands Known to be ercyhaline, and usually lives near the sea.
Haplotaxidae Occurs in increasing abundance from the edge of the inlet towards the grassy meadow. Very abundant in grass meadow. Only oligochacte present on flat part of salt meadow Commonly found in swamps in the South Island.
Pelodrius bipapillatus Michaelson
Nematoda
Dorylaimidae
Dorylaimus sp.
Plectidae
Plectus sp.
Cyatholaimidae
Paracyatholaimus sp. Free living nematodes. All present in soil of salt meadow.
Camacolaimidae
Leptolaimus—probably n sp
Oncholaimidae
Oncholaimus sp.
Trichostrongylidae
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis (Zeder) Large numbers present in small intestine of rabbit.
Graphidium strigosum (Dujardin) In stomach of rabbit.
Oxyuridae
Passalurus ambiguus (Rudolphi) Large numbers in caecum and colon of rabbit.
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Acuariidae
Echinuria sp. 1 specimen recorded from intestine of banded dotterel.
Thelaziidae 3 ♂ and 1 ♀ from gut of skink.
Rotifera
Lepadella sp. Present in small numbers on salt meadow.
Rotaria macruia Ehrenberg Present in small numbers in ecotone.
Abundant in grassy meadow.
Tardigrada
Macrobiotus sp. Only 1 record, from salt meadow.
Arthropoda
Crustacea
Ostracoda Only 1 record, from salt meadow.
Copepoda
Harpacticoida—2 species Common in salt meadow soil.
Other copepods Appear occasionally on salt meadow, probably after tide has been over it.
Amphipoda
Orchestia chiliensis Milne-Edwards Abundant in salt meadow, hummocks, Salicornia zone and ecotone.
Orchestia bollonsi Chilton Occurs on hummocks, under logs on salt meadow and in ecotone.
Talorchestia tumida Chilton Only 1 record from grassy meadow.
Isopoda Occur in ecotone and grassy meadow.
Brachyura-Grapsidae
Helice crassa Dana Burrows occur in Salicornia region in decreasing numbers up to salt meadow where none occur.
Arachnida
Araneina
Agelenidae—1 species Probably new species.
Micryphantidae—1 species Most common spider on salt meadow.
Probably new species.
Linyphiidae—1 species Under logs on salt meadow and ecotone.
Lycosidae—2 species 1 species very common, ubiquitous. 1 species much less common.
Salticidae—1 species Uncommon on salt meadow.
Pseudoscorpiones—1 species Only 1 record in ecotone.
Acarina
Oribatei 5 families occur. The Hermanniidae are commonest in the Salicornia zone, while the rest prefer the higher regions.
Gamasides 3 families occur in the salt meadow region.
Uropodina 1 family which occurs in the salt meadow, but is commonest in the ecotone.
Trombidiform—Erythraeidae Common on the salt meadow in summer.
Chelytidae Occurs on the salt meadow.
Insecta
Collembola
Ceratophysella armata (Nic) Grassy meadow and salt meadow.
Entomobrya multifasciata Tulb. Grassy meadow.
Isotoma maritima Tulb. Ecotone, grassy meadow, and salt meadow.
Most common salt meadow species.
Tullbergia subantarctica Salm. Ecotone First record of this sub-Antarctic species on New Zealand mainland.
Parafolsomia decemoculata Salm. Ecotone. First record of this sub-Antarctic species on New Zealand mainland.
Hypogastrura titahiensis Salm. Salt meadow.
Sminthurinus tunicatus n.sp. Dr. Salmon is to describe this.
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Orthoptera
Blattidae—1 species Only one record, from hummocks.
Gryllidae—2 species Grassy meadow.
Psocoptera—1 species Few present in salt meadow and ecotone.
Anoplura
Mallophaga—1 species 2 specimens recorded from 1 banded dotterel.
Thysanoptera—1 species Few present in salt meadow, ecotone and grassy meadow.
Hemiptera—Heteroptera
Capsidae—1 species Occurs regularly though in moderate numbers on salt meadow, grassy meadow and hummocks.
Homoptera
Cercopidae—at least 1 species Grassy meadow.
Jassidae—1 species Grassy meadow, ecotone, hummocks.
Coccidae—3 species, including 2 species of Trionymus Most important bugs on salt meadow and hummocks. Also occur in ecotone and grassy meadow.
Lepidoptera
Geometridae—1 species Caterpillars occur on salt meadow.
Pyralidae—Scoparia tetracycla Meyr. Caterpillar common, burrowing to a depth of about 8 cm in salt meadow, ecotone and Salicornia zone.
Nymphalidae
Argyrophenga antipodum Doubleday. Adults found in grassy meadow.
Several other Lepidoptera are known to be present in the grassy meadow.
Coleoptera
Carabidae—at least 2 species 1 species in ecotone and hummocks. 1 species in grassy meadow.
Staphylinidae
Carpclimus sp. Small species, most abundant on salt meadow.
Also present in ecotone and grassy meadow.
Xantholmus socius Fauvel Larger species, occurs on hummocks, but not numerous.
Pselaphidae—1 species Present in ecotone and grassy meadow, where ant-nests occur. Probably myrmecophiles.
Curculionidae—
Dryopais variabilis Broun. Common on salt meadow, hummocks and ecotone.
Melolonthidae—
Pyrnoto festiva Fabricius Occurs in grassy meadow.
Odontna sp. Occurs in grassy meadow.
Several other species of beetle are known to be present in the ecotone and grassy meadow.
Hymenoptera
Formicoidea Occur on salt meadow, but nests are in ecotone and grassy meadow.
Apoidea, Bombidae Bumblebees have occasionally been observed on the salt meadow in summer.
Other hymenoptera—at least 4 species Occur in Salicornia zone, salt meadow, ecotone, and grassy meadow.
Diptera
A Nematocera
Tipuhdae—2 species The small species is common on the salt meadow throughout the year. The large species has been observed occasionally in summer on the salt meadow and grassy meadow.
Chironomidae—1 species Occurs on grassy meadow.
Ceratopogonidae—1 species Occurs on salt meadow.
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B. Brachycera
Dolichopodidae—2 species at least Very common in Salicornia zone and salt meadow.
Another brachyceran—1 species Larva present commonly in salt meadow.
C. Cyclorrhapha
Lonchopteridae—
Lonchoptcra duleia Curran Occurs in grassy meadow.
Ephydridae—
Scatella nelsoni (?) Tonn & Mall. Salicornia zone and salt meadow.
Scatella nitidifrons Tonn & Mall.
Ephydra novae-zelandiae Tonn & Mall. Salicornia zone.
Ephydra sp.
Hydrellia n.sp Salicornia zone and salt meadow. To be described by Mr. R. Harrison.
Muscidae—at least 2 species Salt meadow.
Callriophoridae—at least 2 species
Calliophora erythrocephala Mergen Salt meadow, Salicornia zone, grassy meadow.
Reptilia
Lygosoma smithu Gray Skink, once found in grassy meadow.
Aves
Circus approximans gouldi Bonaparte Harrier Hawk About 6 harriers include the spit in their feeding range. Several roost in the salt meadow region.
Limosa lapponia baueri Naumann Eastern bar-tailed godwit Occasionally on the Salicornia at high tide.
Charadrius bicinctus Jardine and Selby Banded Dotterel A flock of about 90 winters on the Salicornia and salt meadow zones.
Haematopus ostralegus finchi Martens
South Island Pred Oyster-catcher
Himantopus himantopus leucocephalus Gould Occasionally feed and roost at high tide in Salicornia zone, and salt meadow.
Pied stilt
Larus dominicanus Lichtenstern
Southern Black-backed Gull Roost occasionally in large numbers at high tide on salt meadow.
Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus Forster
Red-billed Gull
Alauda arvensis Linn. Up to 6 birds at a time have been seen feeding on the salt meadow.
Skylark
Sturnus vulgaris Linn.
Starling
Carduelis flammea cabaret (P. L. S. Mueller) Flocks feed on Salicornia and salt meadow.
Lesser Redpoll
Mammalia
Erinaceus europaeus Linn. Found occasionally on salt meadow and grassy meadow. Probably also in ecotone.
Hedgehog
Oryctolagus caniculus Linn. Feeds on salt meadow, ecotone and grassy meadow.
Rabbit
Mustela erminea Linn. Common in grassy meadow and ecotone.
Stoat

Miss K. Paviour-Smith

Dept. of Zoology
University of Otago
Dunedin