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Volume 88, 1960-61
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Minutes of The Annual Meeting of The Council, Held Wednesday, May 18, 1960

The Annual Meeting of the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand was held on Wednesday, May 18, 1960, commencing at 9.30 a.m. in the Conference Room, Easterfield Building, Victoria University of Wellington.

Chair. The President, Professor R. S. Allan, occupied the Chair.

Present. The following responded to the roll-call: The President, Professor R. S. Allan; Vice-Presidents: Dr. J. K. Dixon, Dr. F. G. Soper; Government Representatives: Dr. G. Archey, Dr. R. A. Falla; Representatives—Auckland Institute: Mr. S. G. Brooker, Dr. A. W. B. Powell; Wellington Branch: Mr. K. R. Allen, Dr. M. A. F. Barnett; Canterbury Branch: Dr. C. D. Ellyett, Mr. C. W. Collins; Otago Branch: Professor G. T. S. Baylis, Mr. W. Martin; Waikato Scientific Association: Mr. F. Dorofaeff; Rotorua Branch: Mr. J. Healy; Hawke's Bay Branch: Mr. N. L. Elder; Nelson Banch: Dr. Elsa B. Kidson; Southland Branch: Mr. R. W. Willett; Fellows: Sir Charles Cotton; Co-opted Member: Dr. J. T. Salmon; Hon. Treasurer: Mr. S. Cory-Wright.

Apologies. The Honorary Patron, Lord Cobham, is at present overseas.

The Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Hon. P. N. Holloway, wrote regretting that previous engagements made it impossible for him to attend. Also Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Dr. C. A. Fleming (Government Representatives) and Sir Ernest Marsden (Fellows' Representative) who are all overseas. These apologies were sustained.

President's Remarks. Professor Allan paid a tribute to the following two Honorary Members who had died during the past year:—

Beno Gutenberg (1889–1960)

The late Professor Beno Gutenberg was a world figure in Geophysics, particularly in Seismology. After being educated at Barmstadt and Gottingen he moved to the United States of America, of which country he became a naturalised citizen in 1936. He had been Professor of Geophysics at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, since 1930. At Pasadena he rapidly built an international reputation. His contributions to the literature of seismology have been many and are of the highest quality.

Professor Gutenberg was elected an Honorary Member of this Society in 1945, and he visited this country during the Seventh Pacific Science Congress in 1949.

Guy A. K. Marshall (1872–1959)

Sir Guy Marshall died in London on April 8, 1960, at the age of 87. For twenty-eight years he was Director of the Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, which “will stand as a permanent memorial of his great services to economic entomology.” Sir Guy was a world authority on the weevils, a large group of Coleoptera, especially those of the African and Oriental regions. His contributions to the knowledge of the New Zealand weevils were extremely valuable. Sir Guy was elected an Honorary Member of the Society in 1933.

The meeting stood in respect to the memory of Professor Gutenberg and Sir Guy Marshall.

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The President then referred to the great success of the Royal Society's Ninth Science Congress, the organisation of which had been undertaken by the Wellington Branch. He congratulated Mr. Willett, Chairman of the Congress Organizing Committee, Mr. R. E. R. Grimmett, and Dr. J. W. Dawson, Joint Secretary Mrs. R. M. Allen, Hon. Treasurer, Mr. M. O'Connor, Publicity Officer, and all who had participated in the work of the Congress and the Ladies' Committee which had looked after the social side of the Congress. Professor Allan stated that from the point of view of numbers the Ninth Congress had constituted a record, and the increase in the number of participating bodies had widened the scope and the interest in the Congress.

Mr. Willett thanked the President and stated that he would convey the congratulations of the Council to his Organising Committee, to which he also paid a tribute.

New and Retired Members. The President then welcomed to the Council Dr. C. D. Ellyett and Mr. C. W. Collins, representatives of the Canterbury Branch, Professor G. T. S. Baylis and Mr. W. Martin, of the Otago Branch, and Dr. Elsa B. Kidson, representative of the Nelson Branch during the absence overseas of Dr. W. Cottier. He paid a warm tribute to the following retiring members for their work:— Professor L. H. Briggs, Immediate Past President, Dr. R. S. Duff (Canterbury Branch), Dr. J. Murray (Otago Branch), and Dr. H. O. Askew (Nelson Branch).

The President announced that Sir Charles Cotton and Sir Ernest Marsden had been re-elected as representatives of the Fellows on the Council.

Notices of Motion were called for, and one was handed in.

Election of Fellow. The Convener of the Fellowship Selection Committee, Professor E. Beaglehole, wrote stating that the 1960 Fellowship Selection Committee nominated Professor H. B. Fell for election to the vacancy in the Fellowship of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

The recommendation of the Fellowship Selection Committee was adopted and Professor H. B. Fell was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Election of Honorary Members. An election for two Honorary Members of the Royal Society of New Zealand resulted in Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet and Professor Sir Marcus Oliphant being elected.

Hector Award. Dr. G. H. Cunningham, Convener of the Hector Award Committee, wrote: “The Committee unanimously recommends that the Hector Award and Prize be awarded to Dr. Edward E. Chamberlain for his outstanding researches in New Zealand plant virology.”

The recommendation of the Hector Award Committee on the motion of Professor Baylis, seconded by Mr. Martin, was adopted.

Amount of Prize. On the motion of Mr. Cory-Wright it was resolved that the prize be the same as formerly—namely, £50.

E. R. Cooper Memorial Award. Dr. M. A. F. Barnett, Convener of the E. R. Cooper Memorial Award Committee, wrote as follows.

“The Award Committee, consisting of Sir George Currie, Mr. I. D. Dick, Professor D. Walker and Dr. M. A. F. Barnett (convener) is unanimous in recommending that the E. R. Cooper Memorial Award for 1960 be made to Mr. G. J. Fergusson of the Institute of Nuclear Sciences.

“The Award Committee was favourably impressed with the general standard of the publications submitted by all the candidates for the award.”

On the motion of Dr. Barnett, seconded by Mr. Willett, the recommendation of the Award Committee was adopted.

Amount of Prize. It was resolved that the prize be to the value of £5.

Votes of Thanks. On the motion of the President, the Committees were thanked for their work.

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Hon. Members, 1961. It was resolved that two Honorary Members be elected in 1961 to fill the vacancies caused by the deaths of Professor Gutenberg and Sir Guy Marshall.

Fellowship. Two vacancies in the Fellowship caused by the death of Professor W. P. Evans and Professor E. Percival were declared.

Report of the Standing Committee. On the motion of Dr. Dixon, seconded by Mr. Allen, the report of the Standing Committee was adopted.

Report of the Standing Committee for the Year Ended March 31, 1960.

The Standing Committee presents its annual report for the year ended March 31, 1960.

Meetings. Nine meetings of the Standing Committee were held during the year, the attendance being as follows:—

The President, Professor R. S. Allan, Christchurch, 1; Dr. J. K. Dixon, Vice-President, Wellington, 9; Mr. K. R. Allen, Wellington, 7; Dr. M. A. F. Barnett, Wellington, 8; Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Wellington, 8; Mr. S. Cory-Wright, Wellington, Hon. Treasurer, 7; Sir Charles Cotton, Wellington, 6; Dr. R. A. Falla, Wellington, 6; Dr. C. A. Fleming, Wellington, 7; Sir Ernest Marsden, Wellington, 8; Dr. J. T. Salmon, Wellington, Hon. Editor, 7; and Mr. R. W. Willett, Wellington, 8.

Leave of Absence. At the March meeting of the Standing Committee leave of absence was granted to Dr. C. A. Fleming for six months, to Mr. F. R. Callaghan, for three months, and to Sir Ernest Marsden, for four months, as they were proceeding overseas.

Obituary. The Council suffered a severe loss by the sudden death of Professor E. Percival, who had been one of the representatives of the Canterbury Branch since 1957.

Professor W. P. Evans, C.B.E., who was in his 95th year, died in September, 1959. Professor Evans had been a President of the Royal Society of New Zealand and for some years a Vice-President and a member of the Council.

Dr. G. H. Uttley, who for some time represented the Southland Branch on the Council, died in January, 1960. He had been joint secretary with Dr. R. R. Forster of the Seventh New Zealand Science Congress, held in Christchurch in 1951.

Obituary Notices of Professor Evans, Professor Percival and of Dr. Uttley are being prepared for publication in the Proceedings.

Financial. In February, the Finance Committee presented to the Minister the 1960–61 budget, which had been approved by the Half-yearly Meeting of the Council in November.

The Minister stated that the Government Grant to the Society would be the same as that for last year—namely, £5,000.

The delegation (Dr. Dixon, Vice-President, Dr. Barnett, and Mr. Willett) stated that it had been a very cordial and useful meeting. The Minister was interested in several aspects of the Society's work, especially in its decision to set up sectional committees of Fellows. He thought that such committees could be of assistance to a Minister and his Government on questions of scientific and public interest. Other matters, also, which had come before the Council, such as Earthquake Risks, the Ninth New Zealand Science Congress, and Technological Museums aroused his comment, and he asked that he be kept informed of their progress.

Prior to the meeting with the Minister the Finance Committee saw Dr. Hamilton, Secretary DSIR, and acquainted him with the budget for the forthcoming year. Dr. Hamilton was glad to learn of the Society's efforts to gain more financial assistance from its Branches.

Half-yearly Meeting of Council. The Otago Branch invited the Council to hold its Half-yearly Meeting in Dunedin. This invitation was accepted and the meeting was held on Friday, November 27, 1959. None of the minor branches was represented, and although this was regrettable, the cost of the meeting was considerably less than it would have been. The question of expense was gone into very thoroughly by the Standing Committee, and every effort was made to minimise the cost by again bringing members' cars into service.

The Otago Branch spared no effort in making the meeting a success, and its hospitality to members could not have been excelled in the time available.

The University of Otago put its Board Room at the disposal of the Council for the meeting and its staff dispensed morning and afternoon tea. The President of the Branch, Dr. F. G. Soper, and members of the Branch entertained members at their homes, and a Mayoral Reception was held at the conclusion of the meeting.

The meeting was outstanding in that at the President's recommendation it established the policy of utilising the services of the Fellows of the Society by appointing them to sectional committees covering all disciplines of science. To this end it was also suggested that the number of Fellows be increased and the Fellowship Selection Committee was directed to report on the matter. It is proposed to elect these Committees at the annual meeting of the Council in May.

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The Fellowship Selection Committee considered the matter and has given its support to a Notice of Motion to the annual meeting of the Council.

Fellowship R.S.N.Z., 1960. Four nominations were received from Member Bodies for the one vacancy in the Fellowship to be filled at the annual meeting of the Council in May.

Publications. In his annual report the Hon. Editor has explained the reason for the delay in the printing of Volume 88. It had been hoped that by recourse to doubling the Parts of Volume 86 and 87 the issue of Volume 88 before March 31, 1960, would bring the volumes into line with their respective years.

The cost of printing completed during the year amounts to £3,794, which is just short of the amount budgetted for—namely, £4,000.

Bulletin: The Standing Committee has authorised the publication of Bulletin No. 7, the cost to be spread over the next two years.

Sales of Publications. Sales have been heavy during the year, two complete sets of Transactions having been ordered by a New York bookseller and paid for, and just after the close of the year a third set was ordered by the same bookseller and has been despatched. These orders have exhausted the stocks of some of the early numbers, and unless some copies of these numbers can be bought in or acquired no further complete sets can be sold. In addition, another overseas bookseller has been purchasing ten or more copies of each of the Society's Bulletins and “Maori Art” has also been in demand. The total amount of publications sold during the year (not necessarily yet paid for) is £620 13s 8d. This figure does not include the volumes of Transactions taken by Member Bodies, the levy on which is £444.

The question of the reprinting of “Maori Art” or at least of the two parts (1 and 2) now out of print has been under discussion by the Standing Committee, and enquiries were to be made.

Presentation of Awards. Hector Medal and Prize: At a meeting of the Wellington Branch in August, the President, Professor R. S. Allan, presented the Hector Medal and Prize to Professor H. B. Fell and the Hutton Medal to Professor L. R. Richardson. An account of these presentations was published in the Proceedings, Volume 87.

The T. K. Sidey Summer-time Medal and Prize were presented to Dr. J. H. Piddington at a General Meeting of the Royal Society of New South Wales on December 2, on behalf of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

The Hamilton Prize for 1959 has not yet been presented, as Mr. Graeme Stevens preferred that the presentation should not be made until he returns to New Zealand from overseas. Advice has just been received that Mr. Stevens, having gained his Ph.D. at Cambridge, is returning to New Zealand in September, 1960.

Member Bodies' Annual Reports and Balance Sheets. The following annual reports and balance sheets have been received from Member Bodies: Auckland Institute, for the year ended March 31, 1959; Wellington Branch, for the year ended September 30, 1959; Canterbury Branch, for the year ended October 31, 1959; Otago Branch, for the year ended October 31, 1959; Waikato Scientific Association, for the year ended October 31, 1959; Hawke's Bay Branch, for the year ended December 31, 1959; Rotorua Branch, for the year ended November 20, 1959; Nelson Branch, for the year ended September 30, 1959; Southland Branch, for the year ended March 31, 1959.

Member Bodies' Contributions. So far the amount received from Member Bodies, either under the old rule or under the new rule of contribution of 5/- per subscribing member, amounts to a total of £192 0s 1d. Individual contributions received are as follows: Wellington Branch (full membership, 5/- basis), £109 17s 7d; Hawke's Bay Branch (full membership, 5/- basis), £18; Nelson Branch (full membership, 5/- basis), £13 10s, £31; Rotorua Branch, (⅙th income), £10 10s; Waikato Scientific Association (½th income), £9 2s 6d. Since March 31, Auckland Institute has forwarded an amount for 16 contributing members.

Hutton Grants. In July, Mr. W. J. Phillipps was granted £18 for travelling expenses to visit museums to study the skins of the Huia. In September, Miss Ann Chapman, of the Department of Zoology of the University of Otago, was granted £50 to enable her to do intensive collecting of the plants and animals of Lake Monk, near Hauroko, in Southern Fiordland. In December, Mrs. Helen Hughes was granted £22 for travelling expenses in field work carried out on further research on the pakihi bogs of the Westport District.

Library. The Library has been busy during the year, approximately 847 volumes or parts of volumes being issued to borrowers. This number includes 281 volumes requested by other libraries on interloan, involving individual wrapping and posting. Increases in the Post and Telegraph Department's postage rates came into force towards the end of last year, equivalent to more than 50% increase on overseas parcels per lb, and this has added greatly to the postage bill, as indicated by the amount of Imprest in the Balance Sheet.

Approximately 2,000 volumes or parts have been received and accessioned, and the shelving of these volumes in the Library has involved a great deal of shifting of books in order to make some more space for their accommodation. More sections have had to be transferred

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to the stack and stock room, and this, too, is rapidly filling. The addition of 60 feet of shelving, all that could be fitted into the main library, gave a certain amount of relief, but congestion is acute.

Dr. A. D. Osborn, of the Fisher Library, and latterly of Harvard, visited New Zealand at the request of the New Zealand Library Association to report on New Zealand Library resources. In his report he referred to the Royal Society's Library, which he visited in company with Mr. A. G. Bagnall, of the National Library.

Dr. Osborn's report on New Zealand Library resources contained a paragraph in which he referred to the large amount of binding required in the Library of the Royal Society. He referred, too, to the long runs of learned societies' publications in the Society's library holdings.

Binding: Some 129 volumes were sent to the binder during the year. Some have not yet been completed. The 80 volumes completed cost £104. The Society's binders have recently moved to more commodious quarters, and it is hoped they will be able to accept more work.

Assistant: At the end of the year, Mrs. J. W. Brodie resigned from the office of Library Assistant owing to pressure of home duties. In March, Miss Anna Szigethy was appointed as Library Assistant, the appointment to be reviewed at the end of four months. This new assistant has a knowledge of some foreign languages and is taking Russian as part of her degree course. This knowledge is an asset in a library with so many foreign publications coming into it.

Insurance: At the Standing Committee meeting in March, a decision was made to increase the present cover of £8,000, which was considered inadequate. Action along these lines has not yet been taken as the State Fire and the National Library Association have yet to be advised. It is proposed to double the amount.

Ninth New Zealand Science Congress. Mr. K. R. Allen and Dr. M. A. F. Barnett were appointed to represent the Royal Society of New Zealand on the Organizing Committee of the Ninth N.Z. Science Congress.

The following additional societies applied for and were granted permission to become Participating Bodies in the Science Congress:—N.Z. Institute of Agricultural Science, Royal Aeronautical Society, N.Z. Archaeological Society.

An amount of £223 7s 10d being £150, three years' allocation from Royal Society funds, and £73 7s 10d being the balance refunded by the Organising Committee of the Eighth Science Congress, was paid over to the Wellington Branch Organising Committee of the Ninth Science Congress.

United States Post-Doctoral Fellowships. There have been many enquiries as to the possibility of Post-Doctoral Fellowships being available in the United States this year, but the National Academy of Sciences has been unable to state definitely when applications may be called. The President of the National Academy of Sciences has stated that to date no allocation of funds for this purpose have been made in Washington, but he assured the Royal Society that as soon as funds became available it should be advised accordingly.

The term of the four graduates who were granted Fellowships in 1958 has been extended for a second year, but due to commitments at home some of them could not avail themselves of the extension.

Royal Society of London Symposium. The Royal Society of London arranged to hold a symposium on the biology of the southern cold temperate zone, and to this end it issued an invitation to Mr. G.A. Knox and Dr. E. Godley, who had taken part in the recent expedition to Chile, to attend and make a contribution to the symposium. The Royal Society offered a sum of £800 towards the expenses of Mr. Knox and Dr. Godley. The Standing Committee subsidised this amount by £200, and Mr. Knox and Dr. Godley attended the symposium. The Royal Society of London then found that it had some funds in New Zealand for a further representative, and invited Dr. Falla to attend. Dr. Falla's report will be presented to the annual meeting of the Council in May.

International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU). The Societys annual subscription (£43) to ICSU has been paid as well as the annual subscription of approximately £180 to the Special Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).

Cospar: ICSU announced the establishment of a Committee on Space Research, and the Standing Committee expressed the Society's approval and interest.

ICSU Review: Copies of the 1959 Quarterly ICSU Review have now been received. This publication is full of interest and will be useful in obtaining an insight and summary into the activities of ICSU. Copies are available for perusal by any members of the Council who are interested.

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Special Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR). The Chairman of this Committee wrote stating that SCOR had been recently established with the primary responsibility of continuing on a long term basis the programme of international co-operation in oceanic exploration so successfully initiated during the International Geophysical Year.

He asked that the Royal Society should designate a Committee which will act as the National Committee for S.C.O.R in New Zealand.

The Standing Committee considered that the New Zealand Oceanographic Committee would be the appropriate committee to act in this capacity, and it was invited to do so. No specific response has been received to this invitation beyond an assurance that in due course the matter would be considered. As nearly a year has elapsed, the Standing Committee now recommends to the annual meeting that it set up a National Committee to deal with matters pertaining to ICSU's Special Committee on Oceanic Research.

Scientific Liaison Officer in Washington. Representations were made to the Minister regarding the need for this office to be reinstated in Washington. The Minister wrote stating that it is proposed to reinstate the office of Scientific Liaison Officer and to make an appointment to this post in 1960.

Conservation. Several matters on conservation have been before the Standing Committee during the year. A protest was made to the Tongariro National Park Board about a proposal to introduce trout into the Tama Lakes before a complete biological survey of the lakes had been made. The National Parks Authority later intimated that it declined to give consent to the liberation of trout in the Tama Lakes.

At a conference on Conservation of Natural Scenic Resources called by the Minister of Public Works, Dr. R. A. Falla had represented the Royal Society, and he reported on this conference to the Half-yearly Meeting in Dunedin.

Seals in Antarctic Waters: In response to a request from the Wellington Branch which was concerned with the wasteful destruction of seals in the Ross Sea area, the Standing Committee forwarded a resolution to the Ross Dependency Research Committee.

Conservation Society: The Otago Branch drew attention to the proposed formation of a Conservation Society in New Zealand and asked whether this Society would be likely to undermine the status of the Conservation Committee of the Royal Society. The matter was referred to the Conservation Committee for report.

Museum Management Committee. The term of office of the Society's nominees, Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Dr. C. A. Fleming, Dr. W. M. Hamilton, Sir Ernest Marsden, Mr. R. A. McLellan, Mr. H. C. McQueen, and Professor H. A. Murray expired on March 31, 1960. The Standing Committee nominated them for a further term of office and the nominations have gone to the Board of Trustees of the National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum.

Overseas Meetings. Tercentenary of the Royal Society of London. An invitation to be represented at the Royal Society's Tercentenary in July, 1960, was received. The Standing Committee appointed Dr. C. A. Fleming, who would then be in England on leave to represent the Royal Society of New Zealand.

A formal greeting from the Royal Society of New Zealand to the Royal Society of London has been prepared and will be forwarded in time for the opening ceremony. The following other members of the Royal Society of New Zealand will also attend the Tercentenary celebrations in other capacities: —Sir Ernest Marsden, Mr. R. W. Willett, Dr. W. M. Hamilton, Dr. G. H. Cunningham, and Professor R. H. Clark.

Centenary Symposium of the Royal Society of Victoria: Dr. C. A. Fleming was appointed to represent the Royal Society of New Zealand at the Centenary Symposium of the Royal Society of Victoria, held early in December, 1959. The sum of £50 was contributed by the Society towards Dr. Fleming's expenses.

ANZAAS: Dr. G. H. Gibbs and Dr. H. J. Harrington were appointed to represent the Society at the ANZAAS meeting in Perth in August, 1959.

Dr. Harrington reported “the task of representing the Royal Society at ANZAAS was a light one involving attendance at one Council meeting for less than two hours”. He reported that the next ANZAAS meeting would be held in Brisbane in May, 1961.

A discussion on the future of ANZAAS took place at the Half-yearly Meeting of the Council, when Dr. G. J. Williams was invited by the President to place the views of a meeting held in Sydney recently. Dr. Williams stated that the meeting expressed its opinion that there should be no dissolution between Australia and New Zealand in the Association.

Although the Standing Committee has had no official communication on the matter, it has been led to understand that at least a section of the Association is still seeking a dissolution.

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International Botanical Congress, Montreal: Professor G. T. S. Baylis was appointed to represent the Royal Society at the Botanical Congress in August, 1959.

International Oceanographic Congress, New York: Mr. N. F. Barber was appointed to represent the Royal Society of New Zealand at this Congress, which was held in August, 1959.

International Geological Congress: This Congress is to be held in Denmark, in August, 1960, when Mr. R. W. Willett will represent the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Natal University Celebrations: The Royal Society was invited to be represented at the Golden Jubilee of the University of Natal, in April, 1960.

Professor L. C. King, a life member of the Wellington Branch, who holds the Chair of Geology at the University of Natal, was asked to represent the Society, and he wrote stating that he would be glad to do so.

Scientific News. Arising from comments made by Dr. Hamilton during the course of an interview with the Finance Committee, the Vice-President, Dr. Dixon, discussed with the Standing Committee the possibility of its doing more to disseminate scientific news in the shape and form in which it would appeal to the layman. The discussion led to the setting up of a sub-committee to give consideration to the need for such a measure and means by which it could be put into operation.

The sub-committee recommended that a scheme be instituted as soon as possible for weekly press articles and for radio talks, at least for the winter months.

At its March meeting the Standing Committee approved the scheme of arranging for weekly press articles and radio talks of approximately five minutes per topic, either as straight out talks or interviews or discussions by panels.

Press articles would be accepted by the Evening Post for P.A. coverage.

The committee suggested subjects and prospective speakers and writers.

Dr. J. W. Dawson was appointed organiser for the sub-committee (Dr. Dixon, Dr. Salmon and Mr. Willett, with power to co-opt).

Rutherford Lectures. Arrangements have been made for Sir Lawrence Bragg to visit New Zealand in September, 1960, and two Member Bodies, Wellington and Nelson Branches, have secured him to give lectures in those centres.

The President has the details of the itinerary, and is negotiating with the University of New Zealand, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, and other organisations regarding financial assistance for the Rutherford Lecture tour in New Zealand.

Ross Dependency Research Committee. Professor R. H. Clark, who represents the Royal Society on the Ross Dependency Research Committee, applied for leave of absence as he is proceeding overseas on refresher leave. Dr. Colin Bull was appointed to act for Professor Clark during his absence.

Walter Burfitt Prize, 1959. The Royal Society of New South Wales called for nominations for the Walter Burfitt Prize and the Standing Committee nominated Sir Charles Cotton. Once again the award was given for medical research.

N.Z. Universities Committee. The President prepared a submission for the N.Z. Universities Committee. The Standing Committee determined, however, that as the Council had not had an opportunity to consider the submission it should go to the Committee under the President's name, not as a Royal Society submission. This was accordingly done.

Technological Museums. At the Standing Committee meeting in March, consideration was again given to the subject of Technological Museums by a prepared statement on the subject by Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Convener of the Technological Museums Committee, and because of a request which had been received from the Art Galleries and Museums Association that the Royal Society should be represented at its meeting in April, when the subject of Technological Museums would be discussed. Mr. Callaghan was unable to attend that meeting, and Dr. Falla agreed to represent the Society. The Standing Committee approved Mr. Callaghan's statement on the subject and decided to accept it as the policy of the Standing Committee, and as such to place it before the meeting of the Association. This statement will be circulated with the Annual Meeting papers, and Dr. Falla will report on the Association's discussion.

Tenth Pacific Science Congress. Copies of the Preliminary Announcements of the Tenth Pacific Science Congress, which is to be held in Honolulu, August 21 to September 6, 1961, were received from the Secretary of the Pacific Science Association and were circulated to all members of the Council, to Member Bodies, to the Universities and Colleges, and to interested Government Departments.

Advice has also been received from Miss Bishop regarding possible accommodation costs in Honolulu for the Conference. Prices of hotels range from 7–9.50 dollars per day, but there will be some dormitory accommodation at the University of Hawaii which is expected to be

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2.50—3 dollars per person per night for a twin bed-room, and meals will be available at the University cafeteria.

Air fares between Auckland and Honolulu are: £372 5s. (First) return, plus £14 4s from Wellington to Auckland. £260 10s (Tourist) return, plus £14 4s from Wellington to Auckland.

Parties of more than ten going to the Congress may secure a 10% reduction.

An allocation of £200 from the Society's funds towards the expenses of the delegation to the Pacific Science Congress appears for the first time in the year's Balance Sheet.

Report of the honorary treasurer

I have the honour to present the Statement of Accounts for the year ended March 31, 1960, subject to audit.

Income has approximately equalled expenditure, on a general pattern, and with the balance carried forward similar to last year. The position is satisfactory.

The Government Annual Grant was again £5,000, the same as last year. Expenditure was less in connection with Antarctic Research and Pacific Expeditions, but greater in respect to the Pacific Science Association secretariat, to which two years' allocation appears in this balance sheet. Our financial years do not synchronise, and the payment made in April, 1959, was actually for the year 1958. The payment made in September, 1959, was for the year 1959, and brings our payments up to date. Also allocation was made of £200 towards our delegation to the Tenth Pacific Science Congress in 1961 at Honolulu, and £100 to establish our Staff Benefit Fund.

Printing costs at £3,794 were some £900 higher because four double parts of Transactions (Volumes 86 and 87) and also Proceedings (Volume 87), came to charge during the year. Against these costs we have increased earnings from sales of publications, which rose to £620. As a forecast for the coming year, the Standing Committee has given authority for the printing of Bulletin 7 at an estimated cost of £1,500, to be spread over two years (1960–61 and 1961–62), in addition to the usual publications.

Contributions received from Member Bodies have increased to £192, more of the Branches having adopted the new rule of 5/- for each full member, as shown in the Standing Committee's Report. Wellington, Hawke's Bay and Nelson have adopted this rule; Auckland so far contributes for 16 members; Rotorua and Waikato still contribute ⅙th of income as previously. Otago Branch, since the closing of the accounts, has sent in a contribution on a basis of 5/- per member. Canterbury and Southland have not yet contributed.

The Trust Funds are satisfactory. These are invested mostly in Government stock, with some balances in the Post Office Savings Bank from which another £500 could be drawn for investment in higher interest bearing scrip.

The Endowment Fund has a balance of revenue £163 1s 1d available for allocation, and as usual I seek direction of the Council how to apply this.

S S. Cory-wright

Honorary Treasurer.

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The Royal Society Of New Zealand
Statement Of Receipts And Payments For The Year Ended March 31, 1960
Receipts Payments
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Balance at March 31, 1959 3,333 11 8 Printing—
Annual Government Grant 5,000 0 0 Transactions, 86 (½, ¾), 87 (½, ¾), Proceedings, 87 3,794 3 3
Levy on Transactions, Volume 87 472 15 0 Salaries 1,184 6 2
Sales of Publications— Honoraria. Editors, Dr. Barwick (designing Plaque) 135 10 0
Transactions, etc 461 7 7 Stationery 40 7 5
Bulletin 5 28 0 3 Library—
Bulletin 6 14 18 4 Binding 103 19 0
Maon Art 14 18 0 Shelving, Cartage, Student Labour 51 12 0
Proc 7th Pacific Science Congress 38 9 8 Book Purchased 26 5 6
557 13 10 181 16 6
Travelling Expenses, Member Bodies' Share 138 19 4 Imprest (Secretary) 73 15 3
Member Bodies' Contributions 192 0 1 (Hon. Editor) 10 0 0
Donations to Publications Fund 10 0 0 Charges (Telephone, Insurance, Code, Bank, etc) 43 19 7
Endowment Fund, Interest 163 1 1 Travelling Expenses (two meetings) 317 17 11
Hector Memorial Fund, Interest 49 17 10 Royal Society of London Symposium: Grant to Delegates 200 5 0
Hutton Memorial Fund, Interest 59 4 5 Royal Society of Victoria Centenary: Grant to Delegate 50 0 0
T. K. Sidey Summertime Fund, Interest 23 15 3 N.Z. Science Congress: Grant to Wellington Branch 223 7 10
Cockayne Memorial Fund, Interest 15 2 8 Pacific Science Association Secretariat: Allocation (two years) 240 2 10
Plant Research Fund, Interest 34 11 8 ICSU: Annual Subscription 43 7 0
Hamilton Memorial Fund, Interest 5 14 3 SCAR: Annual Subscription 180 13 11
Carter Library Legacy, Interest 8 10 5 Hutton Grants 102 5 4
E. R. Cooper Trust Fund, Interest 14 6 10 Hutton Medal Engraving 1 2 6
Interest at Bank of New Zealand 46 7 6 Fragments N. Z. Entomology 8 8 9
Fragments N. Z. Entomology (on behalf of owner) 5 1 3 Hector Prize and Engraving Medal 51 8 0
Favourable Exchange 0 12 1 T. K. Sidey Summer-time Prize and Engraving Medal 101 2 6
Transfer from Trusts POSB to General Account 288 16 8 Trust Accounts Audit Fees 8 5 0
Interest Paid Direct 37 12 7
Transfers from General Account to Trust Accounts 38 15 3
Balance as Under 3,351 9 3
£10,420 1 10 £10,420 1 10
£ s. d.
Bank of New Zealand 2,083 17 2
Less Unpresented Cheques 185 11 4
1,898 5 10
P.O. Savings Bank 1,448 11 9
Cash in Hand 4 11 8
£3,351 9 8

S. Cory-Wright

Honorary Treasurer.

– 24 –

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The Royal Society Of New Zealand Statement Of Assets And Liabilities At March 31, 1960
Liabilities Assets
£. s. d. £. s. d.
Hector Memorial Fund, Capital Account 1,184 18 1 d. Hector Memorial Fund Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £1,270) 1,184 18 1
Hector Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 72 16 9 P.O.S. Bank Account 72 16 9
Hutton Memorial Fund, Capital Account 1,506 8 6 Hutton Memorial Fund Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £1,580) 1,506 8 6
Hutton Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 81 11 8 Hutton Memorial Fund: P.O.S. Bank Account 81 11 8
T. K. Sidey Summertime Fund, Capital Account 574 6 1 T. K. Sidey Summertime Fund Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £510) 500 2 6
T. K. Sidey Summertime Fund, Revenue Account T. K. Sidey Summertime Fund P.O.S. Bank Account 87 9 5
Plant Research Trust Fund, Capital Account 800 0 0 T. K. Sidey Revenue Account, owed to General A/c. 9 10 4
Plant Research Trust Fund, Revenue Account 116 3 5 Plant Res. Trust: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £500) 500 0 0
Cockayne Memorial Fund, Capital Account 249 12 0 Plant Res. Trust: P.O.S. Bank Account 416 3 5
Cockayne Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 114 9 4 Cockayne Memorial Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £260) 249 12 0
Carter Library Legacy, Capital Account 162 19 0 Cockayne Memorial Fund: P.O.S. Bank Account 114 9 4
Carter Library Legacy, Revenue Account 106 12 0 Carter Library Legacy: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £160) 162 19 0
Hamilton Memorial Fund, Capital Account 199 10 11 Carter Library Legacy: P.O.S. Bank Account 106 12 0
Hamilton Memorial Fund, Revenue Account 10 18 11 Hamilton Memorial Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £60) 60 0 0
E. R. Cooper Trust Fund, Capital Account 180 0 0 [ unclear: ] 150 9 10
E. R. Cooper Trust Fund, Revenue Account 26 18 2 E. R. Cooper Trust: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £180) 180 0 0
Endowment Fund, Capital Account 3,015 15 9 E. R. Cooper Trust: P.O.S. Bank Account 26 18 2
Endowment Fund, Revenue Account 182 6 2 Endowment Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £2,975) 2,926 2 5
Research Grants Fund 35 7 4 Endowment Fund: Part P.O.S.B. Account 182 6 2
Library Binding Fund 156 8 6 Sundry Debtors 325 1 3
N.Z. Science Congress Fund 50 0 0 Bank of New Zealand 1,898 5 10
Pacific Science Congress 200 0 0 Post Office Savings Bank (Part) 1,266 5 7
Overseas Congress Fund 5 5 0 Cash in Hand 4 11 8
Accounts in Credit 16 3 6
Staff Benefit Allocation 100 0 0
Balance of Assets over Liabilities 2,864 2 10
£12,012 13 11 £12,012 13 11

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Property Assets Estimated And Insured Value
Nominal Value Insured Value
£. s. d. £.
Library and Stack Room, Victoria University 11,592 12 0 5,800
Furniture and Library Fittings 1,564 0 0 2,000
Stock in Store Room, Parliament Buildings 500
Carter Library, Dominion Museum 500

S. Cory-Wright

Honorary Treasurer.

– 25 –

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The Royal Society Of New Zealand
Statement Of Income And Expenditure For The Year Ended March 31, 1960
Expenditure Income
£. s. d. £. s. d.
To Printing Transactions Vol. 86 (½, ¾); 87 (½, ¾); Proceedings Vol. 87 3,794 3 3 By Balance at March 31, 1959 3,179 1 3
" Salaries 1,184 6 2 " Annual Government Grant 5,000 0 0
" Honoraria: Editors and Artist 135 10 0 " Contributions from Member Bodies 192 0 1
" Editoral Postages, Etc. 10 0 0 " Levy on Transactions Vol. 87 444 0 0
" Travelling Expenses 228 18 7 " Sales of Publications 620 13 8
" Stationery 40 7 2 " Donations to Publications Fund 10 0 0
" Library (Purchases, Shelving, Cartage, Student Labour) 77 17 6 " Interest from Endowment Fund (Resolution Annual Meeting, 1959) 69 0 0
" Library, Binding Allocation 100 0 0 " Interest at Bank of New Zealand 46 7 6
" Interest 73 15 3 " Administration Expenses from Trust Accounts 5 5 0
" Charges (Telephone, Insurance, Audit Fee, Bank, Etc.) 42 18 0
" ICSU: Annual Subscription 43 7 0
" ICSU: Anual Subscription SCAR 180 13 11
" Pacific Science Association Secretariat: Allocation, Two Years 240 2 10
" Royal Society of London Symposium: Grant two Delegates 200 5 0
" Staff Benefit Allocation 100 0 0
" N.Z. Science Congress Allocation 50 0 0
" Tenth Pacific Science Congress Allocation for Delegation 200 0 0
" Balance Forward to meet first six months period, 1960–61 2,864 2 10
£9,566 7 6 £9,566 7 6
By Balance £2,864 2 10

S. Cory-Wright.

Honorary Treasurer.

– 26 –

The Royal Society Of New Zealand
Trust Funds For The Year Ended March 31, 1960

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Hector Memorial Fund
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Prize 50 0 0 By Capital Invested 1,184 18 1
" Engraving Medal 1 8 0 " Balance Revenue A/c., 31/3/59 76 11 11
" Audit Fee 1 5 0 " Interest 49 17 10
" Administration Expenses 1 0 0
" Balance 1,257 14 10
£1,311 7 10 £1,311 7 10
By Balance Capital A/c. 1,184 18 1
" Balance Revenue A/c. 72 16 9

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Hutton Memorial Fund
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Grants 102 5 4 By Capital Invested 1,506 8 6
" Engraving Medal 1 2 6 " Balance Revenue A/c. 31/3/59 128 0 1
" Audit Fee 1 5 0 " Interest 59 4 5
" Administration Expenses 1 0 0
" Balance 1,588 0 2
£1,693 13 0 £1,693 13 0
By Balance Capital A/c. 1,506 8 6
By Balance Revenue A/c. 81 11 8

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T. K. Sidey Summertime Fund
Dr. Cr.
£. s. d. £ s. d.
To Prize 100 0 0 By Capital Invested and in P.O.S.B. 571 18 7
" Engraving Medal 1 2 6 " Balance Revenue A/c. 31/3/59 72 9 5
" Audit Fee 1 5 0 " Interest Rev A/c. 21 7 9
" Administration Expenses 1 0 0 Capital A/c. 2 7 6
" Balance 574 6 1 " Revenue A/c. owed to General A/c. 9 10 4
£677 13 7 £677 13 7
To Revenue Account £9 10 4 By Balance Capital A/c. £574 6 1

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Plant Research Trust
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit Fee 0 15 0 By Capital Invested and in P.O.S.B. 542 13 5
" Administration Expenses 0 2 6 " Balance Revenue A/c. 31/3/59 (£257 6s 7d transferred to Capital) 339 15 10
" Balance 916 3 5 " Interest 34 11 8
£917 0 11 £917 0 11
By Balance Capital A/c. £800 0 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. £116 3 5
– 27 –

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Cockayne Memorial Fund
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit Fee 0 15 0 By Capital Invested 249 12 0
" Administration Expenses 0 2 6 " Balance Revenue A/c. 31/3/59 100 4 2
" Balance 364 1 4 " Interest 15 2 8
£364 18 10 £364 18 10
By Balance Capital A/c. £249 12 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. £114 9 4

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Carter Library Legacy
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit Fee 0 15 0 By Capital Invested and in P.O.S.B. 162 19 0
" Administration Expenses 0 10 0 " Balance Revenue A/c. at 31/3/59 99 6 7
" Balance 269 11 0 " Interest 8 10 5
£270 16 0 £270 16 0
By Balance Capital A/c. £162 19 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. £106 12 0

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Hamilton Memorial Fund
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit Fee 0 10 0 By Capital Invested and in P.O.S.B. 196 13 11
" Administration Expenses 0 2 6 " Balance Revenue A/c. 31/3/59 8 14 2
" Balance 210 9 10 " Interest Revenue A/c. 2 17 3
" Interest Capital A/c. 2 17 0
£211 2 4 £211 2 4
By Balance Capital A/c. £199 10 11
" Balance Revenue A/c. £10 18 11

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E. R. Cooper Trust Fund
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit Fee 0 10 0 By capital Invested 180 0 0
" Administration Expenses 0 2 6 " Balance Revenue A/c., 31/3/59 13 3 10
" Balance 206 18 2 " Interest 14 6 10
£207 10 8 £207 10 8
By Balance Capital A/c. £180 0 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. £26 18 2
– 28 –

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Endowment Fund
Dr. Cr.
£. s. d. £. s. d.
To General Account—
(Resolution Annual Meeting, 1959) 69 0 0 By Capital Invested and P.O.S.B. 2,930 15 9
" Audit Fee 1 5 0 " Balance Revenue A/c., 31/3/59 (£85 transferred to Capital) 175 15 1
" Administration Expenses 1 5 0 " Interest 163 1 1
" Balance 3,198 1 11
£3,269 11 11 £3,269 11 11
By Balance Capital A/c £3,015 15 9
" Balance Revenue A/c £182 6 2

S. Cory-Wright

Honorary Treasurer.

On the motion of Mr. Cory-Wright, seconded by Mr. Willett, the report and balance sheet were adopted.

In speaking to his report, Mr. Cory-Wright sought direction regarding the allocation of the current year's interest in the Endowment Fund. On his motion, seconded by Dr. Archey, it was resolved:

That £80 be transferred to the Revenue Account for general purposes, and the balance (£83 1s 1d) to the Endowment Fund Capital Account.

Report Of Honorary Editor

During the year just closed Volume 86 (¾) and Volume 87 (½, ¾) of the Transactions, together with Volume 87 of the Proceedings, were issued. These taken together represent 714 printed pages, which is one page more than in the previous year.

However, Volume 88 Part 1 should have been issued before March 31 last but, unfortunately, it was held up for approximately six months by the non-return of proofs of a very large article from an author in the United States of America. These proofs are still not to hand, and the papers for Parts 1 and 2 and 3 of Volume 88 have had to be reorganised so that Part 1 can be completed. This part, comprising approximately 175 pages, is now being printed, and will be distributed within the next few weeks. It will be followed shortly by Part 2, and I hope to have the issue of the Transactions again up to date with Part 3 of Volume 88. If Part 1 had been issued on time the total printing for the 1959–60 period would have amounted to approximately 889 pages, which is a considerable increase upon that of the previous period.

The pressure of papers at present is considerable, and I expect that the Transactions will be even larger in the 1960–61 period if sufficient finance is available to print all the papers offering.

A start has been made on the printing of Bulletin No. 7, which was authorised by the Standing Committee during the year.

Once again I should like to record my appreciation of the help I receive from Sir Charles Cotton, from the many persons who help me as referees of papers, and from the Society's printers.

John. T. Salmon

Hon. Editor

– 29 –

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Publications Account
Dr. Cr.
£. s. d. £ s d
To Printing Transactions, Vol. 86 (½) 759 2 9 By Balance not spent at 31/3/59 857 14 10
" Printing Transactions, Vol. 86 (¾) 765 7 3 " Amount Allocated 3,000 0 0
" Printing Transactions, Vol. 87 (½) 715 4 7 " Sales of Publications 519 4 2
" Printing Transactions, Vol. 87 (¾) 645 10 6
" Proceedings, Vol. 87 612 0 4
" Balance 879 3 7
£4,376 9 0 £4,376 9 0
Estimated cost, approved by Standing Committee, 1959–60, of— By Balance Forward £879 3 7
Vol. 88 (1) 641 16 9
Vol. 88 (2) 849 1 0
Vol. 88 (3) 761 5 8

On the motion of Dr. Salmon, seconded by Sir Charles Cotton, the Hon. Editor's Report was adopted. Dr. Salmon referred to the help he had received from Sir Charles Cotton and from the referees.

Report of Honorary Librarian

The work of the Library continues actively. Reassessment of the annual accession shows that previous statements on this point have been misleading and that actually some 2,000 items are received during the working year.

Borrowings, direct and through inter-loan, were 847, of which 281 went out through the library interloan service.

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Binding has continued, but at a pace slower than the accession rate. Only 129 volumes were sent to the binder during the year. Council has been kept informed of the situation with regard to the costs of binding and the difficulty of placing runs of volumes in the hands of the binder. A factor not yet brought to the attention of Council can now be illustrated. Figures published or known from other libraries show that the cost of accession of an item is from 7/- to 10/- per item. Our Library is operating at a very low cost, in the vicinity of 4/6 per accession, but this figure also covers the cost of the work entailed with borrowings, interloans, and arrangements for binding, charges not included in the costing quoted above for other libraries.

A visit to the Library was included in the survey of N.Z. Library Resources conducted by Dr. A. D. Osborn on behalf of the N.Z. Library Association. Dr. Osborn recognised the great value of the Library of the Royal Society as a national research asset. He was satisfied with the genuine expressions of the goodwill of the University of Wellington to the library conveyed to him by the Vice-Chancellor of the University.

As Honorary Librarian I warmly commend to Council the work of our Secretary and of Mrs. J. W. Brodie, Library Assistant until recently. Mrs. Brodie was most heavily engaged in the setting up of the large stack and subsequent general rearrangement of our holdings. At the same time she operated our accessions and loans. In the course of the latter work, Mrs. Brodie also carried out much of the functions of a research librarian and was of the greatest assistance to a large number of scientists.

L. R. Richardson,

Honorary Librarian

On the motion of Dr. Salmon, the report of the Hon. Librarian was adopted.

Reports From Hutton Grantees

Miss Ann Chapman, who in 1959 was granted £50 to cover part of the cost of charter flights by amphibian plane to and from Lake Monk, Southern Fiordland, reported on February 17 that four members of the expedition spent 13 days in the area from January 16 to 28, 1960. The plants and animal collections are now being sorted, the former to be lodged

– 30 –

in the Herbarium, Botany Division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch, and the latter in the Otago Museum.

Field work included the collection of plants and invertebrates in the Lake Monk Valley, and these were made as complete as possible; some collecting was also done in the Jeannie Burn–Long Sound area and in the upper part of the Big River, although time was limited.

Quantitative sampling of the invertebrate populations in various habitats (shrubs, litter, bark, etc.) were taken from different types of vegetation (beech, beech-podocarp forests, sub-alpine scrub and tussock) which will provide a basis for comparison.

Counts of bird populations were made in the Lake Monk and Jeannie Burn Valleys, and records of relative abundance of different species were kept during traverses of the region. The different plant communities were described and dominance, regeneration, etc., noted.

Grantee thanks the Royal Society for the grant which made the trip possible.

Mr. L. Gurr, who in 1957 was granted £80 for research on the Black-billed and Red-billed Gulls, reported that work this year has been mainly concerned with obtaining basic taxonomic data on the Red-billed Gull. All the skins of this species in the Otago Museum, Canterbury Museum and Dominion Museum have been measured and their wing colour patterns photographed. Visits were made to colonies at Kaikoura, Grassmere and Nelson, and all birds ringed (some 140) similarly treated. During December and January behaviour studies were continued in the Nelson colony. Nest recording was not carried out this year as it was not possible to place the records in the colony early enough in the breeding cycle.

Extension of these studies is planned for the coming season, when further use will be made of the equipment bought with money from the grant.

Mrs. Helen Hughes, who was granted £22 in 1959 for field work on Pakihi Bogs of Westport, reported on April 11 that the grant covered mileage costs from Christchurch to Westport and return and mileage in the field.

Field work at Westport involved a general survey of pakihi areas studied eight years previously. Changes over that period were recorded, and some sociological analysis and some soil analyses have been done to check former results.

Comparative results have been written up and will shortly be submitted for publication.

Mr. W. J. Phillipps was in 1959 granted £18 for travelling expenses to enable him to visit Museums to study the skins of Huia. He reported on April 12, 1960, that the grant had facilitated visits to Museums in Auckland and Wanganui, as well as in Christchurch and Dunedin, where all mounted huia as well as huia skins were examined and the necessary measurements taken. Examinations made proved useful and informative, supplying useful data on growth changes in both structure and colour of individuals. Such evidence as could be adduced will be incorporated in a book now more or less complete and provisionally entitled “Huia Days with Maori and Pakeha”. In this book an endeavour has been made to discuss all aspects of the life of the huia.

Dr. J. T. Salmon was granted £25 in 1954 for purposes of translation of scientific papers. On April 12 Dr. Salmon reported that during the past few months a substantial amount of translating had been done for him. The account for this is not yet available.

On the motion of Dr. Falla, seconded by Mr. Willett, the reports submitted by the Hutton Grantees were received.

Great Barrier Reef Committee. Dr. Beryl Brewin, the Society's representative on the Great Barrier Reef Committee, wrote stating that as no material had been received from the Committee she had nothing to report. Received.

Report of Representatives on Board of Trustees or National Art Gallery
and Dominion Museum

As Dr. C. A. Fleming is overseas at the time of the preparation of this report, it is signed only by H. C. McQueen, but before leaving New Zealand Dr. Fleming agreed that the report might well contain an expression of the feelings of frustration we have once again had over the question of the staff establishment of the Dominion Museum.

There have been two occasions during the year on which we have been driven to wonder whether the Royal Society and its representatives can ever make any impression on the administrative machinery affecting the Museum. On the first occasion a deputation from the Board, introduced by the Mayor of Wellington, Mr. F. H. Kitts, as Deputy Chairman of the Board and as a Member of Parliament, waited on the Minister of Internal Affairs to ask that Cabinet remove the restriction that was placed on staff establishment in 1951. The deputation met with categorical refusal from the Minister. He qualified his refusal, however, by saying if there were a greater degree of financial support from local bodies in the Wellington area the matter could be re-opened with him.

– 31 –

Here at least there are hopeful signs. Mr. Kitts, as Deputy Chairman, convened a meeting of representatives of local bodies on March 17, 1960, to consider the question of greater assistance to the institution. He and the Chairman of the Management Committee of the Art Gallery and the Museum, presented a case to the meeting. They were very sympathetically received, and the representatives present undertook to discuss with their councils or boards a system of per capita payments which would, if adopted, greatly increase the Board's revenue. It will be some time, however, before the results of this appeal will be known.

The other occasion for our frustration occurred between the interview with the Minister and the meeting mentioned above, and it shows clearly the queer administrative structure that now exists. It appears that the Treasury had queried the exact number of people on the Museum establishment, holding that the actual number in 1951, and not the approved number (there being a vacancy at the time) should be the recognised one. As the Department of Internal Affairs and the Public Service Commission held that the approved number was correct, the matter was referred to Cabinet, which decided on the Treasury view. The several tiers of administration in a staff matter are therefore: Committee of Management, Board of Trustees, Department of Internal Affairs, Public Service Commission, Treasury, Cabinet. The statutory bodies, Board of Trustees, and Committee of Management, are completely ignored in the matter.

The need for an autonomous body controlling the Museum is once again made evident, and it is hoped that a draft proposal will be available for discussion later this year.

Fortunately the staff of the Museum are able to continue their work with their usual zest, notwithstanding the administrative problems that concern the Society's representatives. Some have added to their academic qualifications, one has been appointed to the Directorship of the Southland Museum, and two have had the satisfaction of having the value of their work recognised by the award of fellowships for travel and study overseas.

The public use the Museum in ever increasing numbers. Thus the scientific work of the staff, well known to other scientists, is also recognised by the public.

H. C. McQueen,

Representative on Board of Trustees

The report of the representatives on the Board of Trustees was submitted by Mr. H. C. McQueen, Dr. Fleming being overseas. In moving the adoption of this report, Dr. Salmon drew attention to the frustrating situation outlined by Mr. McQueen.

Dr. Barnett commented that it would be helpful if representatives could attend the annual meeting and present their reports in person. It was agreed that in future an endeavour be made to have the representatives present.

On the motion of Dr. Archey, it was resolved that the Standing Committee consult with Mr. McQueen and give consideration to the matters dealt with in the report.

Interview with Minister. Dr. Dixon reported on the Finance Committee's interview with the Minister and the cordial reception given to it. The Minister, to whom the 1960–61 Budget was presented, agreed that the Society's grant should be the same as that for the present year.

Notice of Motion re Fellowship R.S.N.Z. Notice had previously been given of the following motion, moved by Dr. Salmon, seconded by Sir Charles Cotton, on the recommendation of the Fellowship Selection Committee:—

  • 1. That the number of elected Fellows be increased by a total of ten as follows:—

    Five additional Fellows to be elected per year for two years by the procedure that operates at present.

  • 2. That the Royal Society appoints a total of 100 associates (A.R.S.N.Z.) from the ranks of New Zealand scientists; these associates should be appointed at the rate of 20 per year for a period of five years; that election to the ranks of associates be made by the Council of the Royal Society at its annual meeting on the recommendation of the Fellowship Selection Committee after Fellows have indicated their choices in a postal ballot (in other words, the procedure for election of Fellows should be applied to the election of associates).

– 32 –

The President stated that he did not like the proposal to establish associates of the Royal Society of New Zealand; other members endorsed this opinion, and on a vote the motion was lost.

The meeting then went into committee to discuss the proposal to increase the number of Fellows.

In open Council Professor Allan moved:

That the number of Fellows be increased to 100.

The motion was carried.

Dr. Salmon, seconded by Sir Charles Cotton, then formally moved the following motion, notice of which had been given:

That Rule 2 in Section G.I. relating to Fellows be amended by the deletion of the word “fifty” and the insertion of the word “sixty” in place thereof.

That Rule 4 in Section G.I. relating to Fellows be amended by the addition after the words “in any one year” of the words “provided that in the years 1961 and 1962 the Council may elect sufficient Fellows to bring the number of Fellows to fifty-five and to sixty respectively”.

Mr. K. R. Allen, seconded by Dr. Archey, then moved that to give effect to the resolution to increase the number of Fellows to 100, the motion be amended to read—

That Rule G.I. (1) be amended by the deletion of the word “knowledge” and the substitution of the word “sciences”.

That Rule G.I. (2) be amended by the deletion of the word “fifty” and the substitution of the words “one hundred”.

That Rule G.I. (4) be amended by the addition after the words “in any one year” of the words “provided that the Council may elect in each of the years 1961 to 1965 inclusive ten Fellows in addition to any vacancies in the Fellowship caused by death”.

The amendment was carried.

Dr. Salmon, seconded by Sir Charles Cotton, then moved as a further amendment:

That the section of the motion relating to Rule G.I. (4) be amended to read: That Rule G.I. (4) be amended by the addition after the words “in any one year” of the words “provided that the Council may elect in the year 1961 twenty Fellows, and in each of the years 1962, 1963 and 1964 ten Fellows in addition to any vacancies in the Fellowship caused by death”.

On being put to the meeting this amendment was also carried.

The amended motion was then put and carried.

New Member Body. The President of the Geological Society of New Zealand wrote stating that the Geological Society of New Zealand wished to become a Member Body of the Royal Society of New Zealand, and as the Society was able to comply with the requisite conditions he made application on its behalf.

Pleasure was expressed by members at the receipt of this application, and on the motion of the President, seconded by Dr. Soper, it was resolved:

That the Geological Society of New Zealand be admitted as a Member Body of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Later it was agreed that the Geological Society should have one representative on the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Member Bodies' Contributions. In addition to the amounts received from Member Bodies as notified in the annual report of the Standing Committee, it was reported that since March 31 the Auckland Institute had contributed on the basis of 16 members and the Otago Branch on the basis of 185 members.

Sectional Committees. At the Half-yearly Meeting of the Council in November the establishment of four Sectional Committees was approved and nominations were left in the hands of the President to be made at the annual meeting.

– 33 –

Professor Allan submitted certain nominations, and after some discussion in committee the nominations were approved subject to the consent of the nominees.

On the motion of Professor Allan, seconded by Dr. Dixon, it was resolved:

That each Committee be invited to report on the status of the science in New Zealand which it represents in time for the reports to be circulated before the annual meeting.

On the motion of Dr. Archey it was resolved:

That travelling expenses for one meeting of each committee be paid by the Society.

Some discussion took place on the composition of the committees, it being pointed out that the “Biology Committee” for instance covered many sub-sections.

On the motion of Dr. Salmon, seconded by Dr. Archey, it was resolved:

That the Standing Committee look into matters that had been raised in discussion.

Conservation Committee. Dr. Archey, convener of the Conservation Committee, stated that as the committee had not met there was no written report before the meeting.

Report of Committee on ICSU

As convener of this committee I have little to report in the way of activity during the past year. ICSU Review has now been received at the Society's Library, and in the early issues appears to be a valuable journal on the international level.

In December last the Standing Committee expressed its approval of the setting up by ICSU of the International Committee on Space Research (COSPAR).

J. T. Salmon,


Dr. Salmon stated that he had nothing further to add to the brief report on ICSU, the adoption of which he moved Carried.

Report on Royal Society of New Zealand Expeditions Committee

There were no approaches made during the year to this Committee, and accordingly there seemed no reason to bring this Committee into full being.

At this time, it still seems preferable to hold the Committee in an unformed state so that when an approach is made to the Royal Society a Committee can be assembled from persons having particular concern with the type of expedition proposed.

L. R. Richardson,


Report or Committee on Darwin Expeditions

All five members of the 1958–59 Expedition to Southern Chile returned to their various occupations and institutions by the end of April, 1959.

Collections which had been sent from Punta Arenas to London took much longer to reach their destination but have now been received, geological material being in the care of Dr. W. A. Watters, Geological Survey, botanical specimens with Dr. E. Godley, Botany Division, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Christchurch, and zoological shore collections with Professor G. A. Knox, Canterbury University. Entomological material is with Dr. W. Kuschel. Santiago, Chile, and other terrestrial invertebrates with Dr. Martin Holdgate, University of Durham, England, and at the British Museum.

Late in 1959 the Royal Society organised a series of meetings for the presentation of Expedition reports and a general discussion on the biological problems of the cool temperate zones. This was held in London from December 10 to 15, 1959, and to it were invited all members of the Expedition and a number of specialists from Europe and the United States. The sum of £800 provided by the Royal Society of London with a further £200 provided by the Royal Society of New Zealand enabled Dr. Godley and Professor Knox to attend, and the expenses of the Convener of the Darwin Committee, Dr. Falla, were also defrayed by the Royal Society of London. There was a large attendance at the meetings and useful discussion included plans for future work. A good summary of the proceedings has been

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prepared by Dr. Martin Holdgate and published in “Nature,” January 23, 1960. The actual contributions, in the form of papers, are to be published as a special part of the Proceedings of the Royal Society.

Although no firm approved plans for future work have yet been announced, there has been approval for the planning of separate investigations in several areas of the Southern Hemisphere and the South Antarctic. As some of these are likely to affect New Zealand, it is recommended that the Council should retain the Darwin Expeditions Sub-Committee in the meantime.

R. A. Falla,

Convener Darwin Expeditions Committee.

Dr. Falla moved the adoption of the report he submitted as Convener of the Darwin Expedition Committee. Carried.

A letter from Dr. E. Godley acknowledging his indebtedness to the Royal Society of New Zealand was read and received.

Report of Representative on N.Z. National Oceanographic Committee

The Committee has not met during the year. Your representative has had discussions with several members of the Committee. It is quite evident that there is a genuine wish that the Committee shall continue. A tentative effort to bring about a meeting of the Committee during the year did not succeed, but this effort must be repeated and more firmly pressed. During its fruitful period, the Committee gave an effective and wide liaison with scientists in this country and overseas. It aided the development of oceanographic work. It still has an important function as an advisory body to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research on national and international matters relating to oceanography.

It is my opinion that on its present constitution it will have difficulty in re-establishing itself, but it should be given this opportunity. I suggest the Council of the Royal Society request the Minister of S.I.R. to instruct the Chairman to call a meeting of the Committee at an early date.

L. R. Richardson,

Representative on Committee.

The report of the Society's representative, Professor L. R. Richardson, was adopted.

Report Of Committee On Earthquake Risk

The Committee established by the N.Z. Institute of Engineers in connection with earthquake risk has formally accepted the Royal Society's participation and the undersigned your nominee.

From time to time I have met with the Chairman of the Committee and discussed various aspects of the problems associated with earthquake risk—foundations, etc.

Although as yet no full meeting of the Committee has been held, this is likely to take place after the overseas visits of various members of the Committee.

The Committee has a definite programme in front of it, the results of which it hopes will have important implications from the point of view of foundation engineers and those who are involved in the planning and preparation of building codes.

R. W. Willett,


Mr. Willett, Convener of the Earthquake Risk Committee, stated that he had nothing further to add to his report, which was adopted.

Rutherford Lecture. The President outlined the itinerary as planned for Sir Lawrence Bragg, who is to reach New Zealand in September. As the dates for Dunedin clashed with another overseas visitor the matter of adjusting that part of the itinerary was left in the hands of the President and Dr. Soper.

The President undertook to obtain the co-operation of the University of New Zealand, the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, and the Institute of Chemistry in regard to financing the visit of Sir Lawrence Bragg in New Zealand.

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Report on National Parks Authority

The Authority met on four occasions during the year under the chairmanship of Mr. D. N. R. Webb, Director-General of Lands. Three of these meetings were held in Wellington and that of March, 1960, at Mt. Cook, in order that a conference might be held with the Mt. Cook National Park Board, which is making rapid development in its area. One additional area, the Westland National Park, embracing forested country on the western alpine slope of the Mt. Cook region, was proclaimed by Order in Council in March, 1960. This brings the number of New Zealand National Parks under the control of the Authority to nine, with a total acreage in excess of 4,000,000.

Funds appropriated for the National Parks for the year ended March 31, 1960, amounted to £50,104, of which some £20,130 was for capital expenditure and £25,124 for annual maintenance charges. Provision for the erection of rangers' houses in most parks and for administration and service buildings to deal with the increasingly large number of visitors to the Tongariro, Arthurs Pass and Mt. Cook Parks, account for much of the capital expenditure.

Scientific work involving botanical, geological and animal biology studies is proceeding in a number of the Parks, the Botany Division and the Geological Survey and Animal Ecology Sections, all of the DSIR, and some University groups and the Wild Life Section of the Department of Internal Affairs being active in this respect.

Unfortunately, there are grounds for fearing that the depredations of vermin, deer, opossums, stoats and weasels still continue to increase, and in some parks are constituting a serious menace and indeed threatening their very existence. Present empirical methods of control are only partially effective, and reports are that certain noxious animal populations are not being held in check. This is a major New Zealand problem, affecting not only the National Parks, but also all Scenic Reserves and forests. Most of the problems affecting the control of noxious animals in New Zealand are in need of much more research, in order to devise more effective measures for control, and it is regrettable that this seems to be a field of study in which very few biologists engage. It may be that the serious nature and magnitude of the problem of controlling noxious animal life in our forests and the great need for research into the species concerned has not been realised by New Zealand scientists.

During the year a decision was made to place Scenic Reserves under the care of the National Parks Authority, and arrangements are now in progress to establish an organisation to give effect to the decision.

The success attending the Wild Life Section, Internal Affairs Department's efforts to rear Takahe in the Wairarapa and the tracing of evidence that the Kakapo still exists in the Fiordland has been very gratifying.

All the Parks report that visitors are attending in increased numbers, and showing a greater awareness of the great heritage which these provide. The Mt. Cook National Park Board during the year issued a booklet giving concisely much information about the Park and supplied with useful maps, making it a very attractive publication. Other Park Boards have similar publications under way.

The Authority has been much concerned over the proposal to use Lake Manapouri for industrial purposes and has pointed out to the Government that this is in direct contravention to the National Parks Act, under which the Fiordland National Park is controlled. The Park Board and the Authority are seeking information as to the precise effect which the use of Lake Manapouri will have on the areas which will be used for industrial purposes.

F. R. Callaghan,

Representative on National Parks Authority.

Mr. F. R. Callaghan, the Society's representative on the National Parks Authority, submitted the above report which, on the motion of Dr. Salmon, was adopted.

Report on Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture

Conference. The Institute held its 37th Annual Meeting and Conference of delegates in Rotorua on February 18, 1960.

At the conclusion of the business, Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Smith, of Rotorua, jointly gave an informal address on “Personal Experiences in Harnessing Thermal Heat for Horticultural Production”. Members had an opportunity of inspecting the installations in Mr. and Mrs. Smith's glasshouses.

In the evening, Mr. A. M. Linton, F.R.I.H. (N.Z.), Mayor of Rotorua, delivered the Banks Lecture on the subject “The Urewera National Park and the Exotic Forests of the Rotorua District”.

The lecture is printed in the March, 1960, issue of “New Zealand Plants and Gardens”.

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Publication. The Institute's Journal “New Zealand Plants and Gardens” continues to maintain a high standard. An increasing percentage of the articles are by New Zealand authors (90% as compared with 40% three years ago). The Publications Account was credited with 8/- from each member's subscription, as well as a Government grant, and just managed to break even. Advertising revenue is small; efforts are being made to increase it.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Membership and Finance. During the year ended September 30, 1959, membership increased from 1996 to 2157. In the general accounts (excluding the Journal) income exceeded expenditure by £276 after providing for an increase in the capitation paid to District Councils from 2/6 to 5/- per member.

Affiliated Societies. Two specialist societies became affiliated to the Institute during the year—viz., the N.Z. Rhododendron Association and the N.Z. Camellia Society. The Institute has made provision to publish in its Journal special supplements for such affiliated societies.

Agricultural Education. Following the publication of the Report of the Consultative Committee on Agricultural Education, a small deputation from the Institute waited on the Minister and raised the question of whether Horticultural Education was meant to be included in the scope of the Committee's enquiry, or whether it would be considered separately. In either case the Institute expects to submit further views to the Minister.

Examinations. I have continued to act as chairman of the Institute's Examining Board. An important innovation at the 1959 examinations was the holding of the Oral and Practical Examinations in one centre only (Christchurch) instead of in two (Christchurch and Palmerston North) as in previous years. For some time the Board and its examiners have been concerned about the difficulty of providing comparable conditions in different centres, and the examiners report that the change was a considerable improvement. On the other hand it does, of course, increase some candidates' travelling expenses, and this matter is still under consideration.

A new prize award was subscribed and established during the year—viz., the Junior Memorial Prize. This is intended as a memorial to horticultural apprentices and young journeymen who died in World War II, and is to be awarded on the results of the Junior Oral and Practical Examinations.

The special prizes were awarded as follows:—

  • (a) Cockayne Gold Medal (most successful candidate completing the National Diploma in Horticulture): R. Boggust (Palmerston North).

  • (b) J. A. Campbell Memorial Prize (Intermediate section of N.D.H.): E. J. Martin (Christchurch).

  • (c) David Tannock Memorial Prize (final stage Oral and Practical for N.D.H.): R. Boggust (Palmerston North).

  • (d) Junior Memorial Prize (Junior Oral and Practical Examination): R. F. Millichamp.

H. D. Gordon,

Representative on Council of Royal Institute of Horticulture.

Professor H. D. Gordon, the Society's representative on the Council of the Royal N.Z. Institute of Horticulture, submitted the above report. On the motion of the President this was adopted, and Professor Gordon was thanked for an interesting report.

Report On Carter Observatory

The constitution of the Carter Observatory Board was as follows:—Wellington City Council: Mr. E. P. Norman (Chairman), Mr. M. A. Castle. N.Z. Government: Mr. R. G. Dick, Mr. R. C. Hayes, Professor F. F. Miles, Mr. R. C. Christie, Mr. W. Pilliet Pringle. Royal Society of New Zealand: Dr. M. A. F. Barnett, Professor D. Walker.

Educational Work. The Observatory was opened to the public every Friday evening except in the months of December and January. Sky conditions being very poor, the attendances for the year were not as great as could be expected, and there were many occasions when no charge was made. There were 879 visits by adults and 1,171 by children, giving a total of 2,050. This gives a grand total of 29,557 since 1946.

A considerable number of school classes visited the Observatory, some from as far afield as the Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay. Particularly interesting were two visits by a group from the Geology Department, Victoria University of Wellington. Two elementary lectures on solar and terrestrial relationships were given to trainees of the New Zealand Broadcasting Service.

Many external lectures were given locally, as well as to local societies in Nelson, Wanganui, New Plymouth and Rotorua. Information has been supplied to various newspapers in the form of notes and articles, mostly upon request.

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Printed programmes of observatory activities for the years 1959 and 1960 included general information on astronomical events for those years and have proved useful. As an experiment, cyclostyled notes under the title of “Astronomical Review” were commenced. It is intended that each monthly issue will provide brief news of astronomical activities and events both overseas and in New Zealand.

Much clerical assistance has been given to the Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand, and the Lecture Room has been made available for their meetings.

The Lecture Room has also been available to the Astronomical and Geophysic Section of the Wellington Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Solar Observations. Sunspot observations by the projection method have continued, the results of which have been regularly distributed to overseas authorities. Due to staff and other difficulties it has not been possible to expand this work as much as desired. Some statistical experiments have been undertaken in connection with sunspot activity.

Radio Disturbance Forecasts. Short-term ionosphere disturbance forecasts have been supplied to the New Zealand Broadcasting Service and the Post and Telegraph Department. Enquiries directed to both these Departments revealed that the service was still desired.

The peculiarity of the maximum solar activity characteristics reported last year still remained, and there have been only a few instances of events comparable with the 1947 maximum. Nearly all predictions have been based on a study of the 27-day pattern generated by evaluation reports from the N.Z.B.S. It would seem that such simple methods as used at the observatory are sufficient until a major break-through in the whole subject has been made.

Auroral Work. By the end of 1959 all visual reports of the Aurora Australis to December, 1958, were completely catalogued and analysed and the results reported to the Cambridge Air Force Research Centre, U.S.A. This completed the contract with that body, without whose assistance it would not have been possible to undertake the work. In producing results covering the period 1930 to 1958 it is believed that the Observatory has covered the most extensive period in the world. This now brings all auroral work at the Observatory to an end.

Noon Position Programme. No further work was undertaken during the year, but consideration is being given to its resumption in the future.

Artificial Satellites. The position remains the same as last year. Early information is regularly received from the United States Air Force, and this is used at present mainly for possible identification or in special cases for searching.

Computation and Information. Short tables were supplied to the Marine Department for the easy calculation of sunrise and sunset over the whole New Zealand area, and printed in the New Zealand Almanac for 1960. Special astronomical information has been supplied to official and professional interests as required.

Staff. Mr. I. L. Thomsen (Director), Mr. G. W. McQuistan (Astronomical Assistant), Miss M. O. Jones (clerk). Mr. A. G. E. Taylor (auroral assistant) resigned on April 30, 1959. Honorary assistants for public evening, Messrs G. A. Eiby, R. B. Orton, P. A. Read, and R. D. Belesky.

M. A. F. Barnett
D. Walker


The report of the representatives of the Society on the Carter Observatory Board, Dr. M. A. F. Barnett and Professor D. Walker, was on the motion of Dr. Barnett adopted. The representatives were thanked for their comprehensive report.

Report on Medical Research Council

The amount of the Government contribution for this the third year of the current triennium, was £97,000 which, together with the balance from the previous year has enabled the Council to approve a budget of approximately £106,000 for the current year. This is about 2% below last year's expenditure. In view of the ever expanding demands being made on the Council's funds for research, the amount of the grant to be negotiated with the Government for the ensuing triennium is expected to be substantially larger than for the present period.

Following on a review of the Council's method of administrating its research activities through research committees, it was been resolved progressively to abolish this committee system. In its place, project grants will be made to responsible individuals, who will then be answerable to the Council for the judicious expenditure of the moneys and for the conduct of research by the team which they lead. It is also planned to obtain an independent assessment of current research projects by appointing ad hoc advisory committees, including such specialist referees as are appropriate, to review and evaluate projects in operation.

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Plans are maturing to enable the Council to offer financial assistance to Clinical Medical Research Units in several of the metropolitan hospitals, provided that contributions are forthcoming also from Hospital Boards and other involved sources. It is anticipated that this new phase of the Council's activities may grow into a substantial development in the next few years.

Publications during the year by staff and associated workers supported by the Council have amounted to about 40 papers. Copies of these have been deposited in the Society's Library.

Lyndon Bastings,

Representative of the Royal Society of N. Z. on the Medical Research Council.

Dr. L. Bastings, representative of the Society on the Medical Research Council, submitted a report and wrote tendering his resignation from the Medical Research Council. On the motion of Mr. Willett, seconded by Dr. Soper, it was resolved that the report be adopted and that Dr. Bastings' resignation as the Society's representative be accepted with regret. On the motion of the President it was resolved:

That a letter conveying the Royal Society's thanks and appreciation be sent to Dr. Bastings for his services over a long period on the Medical Research Council.

Report or Representative On National Historic Places Trust

Negotiations for the purchase by the Trust of the old Vicarage and Mission House at Waimate North are almost completed. The buildings are to be restored to their original form, and plans are being developed for their preservation, maintenance and use. The Trust is heading a move in Canterbury for the purchase of Eteveneaux House, at Akaroa. This was built over a century ago and is a good example of the French colonial style, and is in good order. In a number of other cases grants-in-aid have been made to other corporate bodies for the restoration or preservation of buildings of historic interest. Similar grants have been made to individuals in cases where the owner has agreed to the setting up of a private historic reserve.

Work on the Te Porere fortifications and the Paremata Redoubt has put these sites into good condition for preservation. The Te Porere site has been fenced, cleared and sown. The only uncompleted job there is the building of a foot-bridge to give access to the redoubt. At Paremata the site has been cleared and the walls partially restored. Some final protective work still has to be done. It was reported to the Trust that an important Maori burial cave at Taupo had been rifled. Representatives of the Trust arranged a meeting with the local tribe. The Maoris gave full approval to the suggestion that the cave should be closed by an iron grille; and they offered to pay a substantial part of the cost. This work was urgent and has already been done. It should be mentioned that in all these three cases voluntary labour has been readily available both from individuals and from organisations.

The Trust again sent a party early this year to carry on the recording of sites and rock-paintings in the Waitaki Valley, which will be submerged by the Benmore hydro-electric scheme. A systematic record of other rock shelters and paintings in South Canterbury is being made. Regional Committees have also organised the adequate recording of old buildings and the preservation of significant local records. The Trust has issued directives to ensure that these projectives are dealt with systematically.

The matter of the preservation of the Cathedral Church of St. Paul has not for several reasons, been pushed very vigorously during the past year. Various legal points have been examined, and a request for a further meeting of the church authorities and the Trust have been made. Later in the year it is likely that more positive steps will be taken.

The finding of competent assistant staff for the Secretary is increasingly important and increasingly difficult. An excellent clerk who had been with the Trust for three years, almost from its inception, had to leave the Trust in order to gain promotion in the Civil Service. For over six months no replacement was available and the Secretary carried the now considerable volume of administrative work with only a part-time typist. After little more than four months the new clerk has applied for, and has been appointed to a post in another department. It is obvious that unless a reasonably stable staff can be built up the work of the Trust must suffer.

The Government grant of £4,500 has not been enough to meet the Trust's expenditure during the year and reserves have had to be drawn on. If the grant remains at £4 500, the

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balance of the reserves will not meet the Trust's commitments for projects already in hand and the costs of administration. The possibility of obtaining an increased grant is being looked into.

J. D. H. Buchanan,

Royal Society's Representative.

At a later stage Mr. J. D. H. Buchanan attended the meeting to present his report as the Society's representative on the National Historic Places Trust. Mr. Buchanan spoke of the difficulties the Trust was experiencing by lack of funds and by depletion of staff. The Trust was in receipt of an annual grant of £8,000, but this was not sufficient to meet all the preserving projects it envisaged.

It desired to build up a fund on which to call when opportunity offered to procure historic sites or buildings of importance for preservation purposes.

Mr. Buchanan paid a tribute to Mr. John Pascoe, secretary of the Trust, who was working more or less single-handed because of the difficulty of obtaining permanent staff. Mr. Pascoe's work was invaluable and the contacts made in the course of his work were of great importance. The Trust was helped considerably by a number of voluntary workers.

A discussion followed, and on the motion of Dr. Archey it was resolved:

That the Royal Society noted with pleasure the amount of voluntary work that has been done in the preservation of historic sites and buildings, and asked the Trust to convey its appreciation to donors and other helpers.

After further discussion the report was adopted, and Mr. Buchanan was cordially thanked for attending the meeting and presenting his report.

Report or Representative On Ross Dependency Research Committee

The New Zealand base on Ross Island, Scott Base, is small but a well-found and efficient establishment. Although at present laboratory facilities and accommodation are a little restricted, with quite minor improvements the base could be even more effective.

It is possible for any New Zealand scientist who wishes to undertake Antarctic research to do so, provided he can set out his programme clearly to the Ross Dependency Research Committee and this programme is approved by the Committee.

It appears that New Zealand scientific activities in Antarctica are likely to continue at about the same rate as in the last two years. Most of the work has been by members of DSIR; exceptions have been the various expeditions which have carried out the Dry Valley survey programme of Victoria University; the ionosphere work of Dr. Gregory, of Canterbury University; and the recent venture of the Alpine Club.

I wish to apply for leave of absence from my post as Royal Society representative on the Ross Dependency Research Committee from May 15, 1960, until March 15, 1961. I shall be proceeding overseas in May to visit Britain, Europe and America on sabbatical leave from Victoria University. During this period I shall attend a SCAR meeting in Cambridge and consult Polar scientists in Britain and North America. If leave of absence could be granted to me, I would suggest that the Council consider appointing Dr. Bull in my place during my absence.

R. H. Clark,

Royal Society's Representative on RDRC.

On the motion of Mr. Willett the report submitted by Professor R. H. Clark, the Society's representative on the R. D. R. C. was adopted.

Report of Representative on Ross Sea Committee

The Committee stands waiting the winding up of the affairs of the Expedition. It had been previously anticipated that this might be concluded during the present year, but continuing financial matters of the T. A. E. make this impossible, and no terminal date is in sight.

Scientific results are being published under the direction of Sir Vivian Fuchs. It is sincerely hoped that New Zealand researches will appear in this series.

There will be a credit balance from the finances of the Expedition.

It is anticipated that this will be funded to provide assistance for further expeditions. Arrangements to this end have not been finalised.

L. R. Richardson,

Representative on the Ross Sea Committee.

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The report presented by Professor Richardson, representative on the Ross Sea Committee, was adopted.

Report of Technical Sub-Committee for Science, of UNESCO

Of the several sub-committees advising the National Commission on details of the general programme, the natural science group has probably the most connection with the Royal Society.

The programme of UNESCO has now settled fairly steadily into four sections:—

  • (1) The promotion of international scientific co-operation. This includes scientific documents, bibliography and the publication of a quarterly periodical, “The Impact of Science on Society”.

  • (2) Promotion of studies and research relating to the natural resources of the earth's crust, hydrosphere and the atmosphere. This advice includes the long term work on arid and humid tropical zones which has been promoted for some time and which it is now proposed to taper off as national and regional organisations take over. Increased attention is, however, being given to the stimulation of increased oceanographic research. Two items of interest to New Zealand in this sphere are the provision of one Fellowship which has been awarded to a New Zealander, Mr. M. Cassie, and also proposals for a regional conference on oceanography in the South Pacific. A similar regional conference was held last year and attended by a New Zealand delegate.

  • (3) Promotion of teaching and dissemination of science. This includes not only exhibitions at the elementary level of one which was circulated in New Zealand last May, but also the award of the Kalinga Prize for popularisation of science.

  • (4) Regional activities connected with the four permanent science co-operation offices in Latin America, the Middle East, South Asia and South East Asia.

The Standing Committee has been regularly advised by the Secretary of the National Commission on all matters considered to be of interest to the Royal Society, and there are periodic invitations to make nominations for vacancies on the National Commission and membership of the Technical Sub-Committee for Natural Science.

R. A. Falla.

On the motion of Dr. Falla, the report on the Technical Sub-commission for Science, a committee of UNESCO, was adopted.

Member Bodies' Reports and Balance Sheets for the past year were laid on the table.

Technological Museums

As convener of the Royal Society's sub-committee on Technological Museums I have come to the following conclusions:—

  • (1) That there is widespread interest in the historical and technical features of New Zealand's development. This interest appears, however, to be sporadic, localised, and to possess little knowledge of the details and techniques necessary for the housing and display of museum collections.

  • (2) Most of the existing Museums, although claiming as their primary purpose the curation of natural history and ethnology objects, have already substantial collections of historical and technical material.

  • (3) There seems to be little likelihood of a National “Technological” Museum being established either by public subscription or by the Government in view of the cost of construction, high annual maintenance charges, the prevalence of strong localised interests, and the absence of any concerted interest in a central institution.

  • (4) The cost situation is exemplified by the figures provided by Dr. Focken, Director of the Museum of Applied Science, Melbourne. Building, £280,000; staff, 15; salaries, £24,000 p.a.; maintenance, £14,000.

  • (5) It would seem that any local body—e.g., Hutt City Council or Hamilton City Council, contemplating the erection of a new museum would prefer to develop it so that it would embrace a wide range of exhibits rather than specialise on either natural history, historical, technical or applied science material, as a wide variety of interests would require to be catered for. Major localised interests, however, may be catered for in appropriate centres—e.g., Hamilton might specialise in historical and technical exhibits of the dairy industry.

  • (6) If “technological” (historical, technical, applied science) material is to be preserved for museum purposes the realities of the New Zealand situation seem to indicate that such should be conserved by museums already established and that buildings, staff, equipment and facilities necessary for such purposes be arranged. An appropriate organisation would also require to be established.

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  • (7) Following the above comments, it appears that the question of Technological Museums is properly the concern of A.G.M.A.N.Z. for in principle the basic idea of both natural history and technology museums is conservation and curation, exercised in the different ways appropriate to the material concerned.

F. R. Callaghan,

Convener, Technological Museums Committee.

In speaking to the report on Technological Museums prepared by Mr. Callaghan which had been placed before Art Galleries and Museums Association of New Zealand at a recent meeting of the Association Dr. Archey stated that the suggestion in the report that Technological Museums should stem from the existing museums could not be supported. He said that the existing museums were restricted in their scope and in their funds and they were not in a position to develop technological museums. Dr. Archey said that there was a move in Auckland to establish a technological museum in the north of Auckland, but this was being done independently of the Auckland Museum. After some discussion the report was received.

Tenth Pacific Science Congress. Professor L. H. Briggs wrote tendering his resignation as representative of the Royal Society on the Pacific Science Council as he was no longer on the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Professor Briggs was thanked for his work on the Pacific Science Council, and Professor R. S. Allan was appointed to succeed him on the Pacific Science Council as representative of the Royal Society.

Scientific News. Dr. Dixon reported that the Standing Committee had concluded arrangements for the dissemination of scientific news in broadcast talks and in newspaper articles.

Material for these talks and articles was in course of preparation, and now that the Science Congress was concluded the first series would soon commence.

Special Committee of Oceanic Research. The Royal Society of New Zealand had been asked to set up a national committee to deal with matters pertaining to S.C.O.R. In the first place the New Zealand Oceanographic Committee was considered to be a suitable organisation, but it had taken no action. It was resolved:

That the matter of setting up a national committee for S.C.O.R. be referred to the Standing Committee for action.

Notice of Motion. Earlier in the meeting a Notice of Motion moved by Dr. Ellyett, and seconded by Dr. Powell, had been handed in:

“That consideration be given to the calling of tenders for the printing of Royal Society publications.”

In speaking to the motion, Dr. Ellyett stressed the unsatisfactory delay in the delivery of separates by the present printers' methods. He instanced the fact that separates of the Hudson Lecture printed in Volume 87 of the Proceedings which were distributed in December had not yet reached him. Some other members endorsed Dr. Ellyett's remarks.

Dr. Salmon, Hon. Editor, stated that although he agreed that certain delays had occurred in distributing reprints there were many arguments in favour of retaining the present printers. Their proof-reading was excellent and saved authors a tremendous amount of time; they have installed most up-to-date machinery and special type founts for scientific work. Moreover, an approach made to other printers to tender for the printing of the Transactions met with little result.

On being put to the meeting the motion was lost.

Mr. Martin undertook to see the printers and endeavour to obtain a better distribution service.

Travelling Expenses. It was resolved that travelling expenses for the meeting be paid.

The meeting adjourned for lunch, resuming at 2.30 p.m.

Afternoon Roll Call. The roll call was the same as for the morning session.

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Election of Officers. The President announced that the Nominations Committee had considered the nominations and recommended that Dr. J. K. Dixon be the incoming President and Dr. C. A. Fleming and Mr. K. R. Allen be the incoming Vice-Presidents. The election of Officers resulted in the following being elected:—

President: Dr. J. K. Dixon.

Vice-Presidents: Mr. K. R. Allen, Dr. C. A. Fleming.

Hon. Treasurer: Mr. S. Cory-Wright.

Hon. Editor: Dr. J. T. Salmon.

Hon. Librarian: Professor L. R. Richardson.

Co-opted Member: Dr. J. T. Salmon.

Election of Committees:

Hector Award: Professor L. H. Briggs (convener), Dr. F. B. Shorland, and one other, to be appointed.

Hamilton Award: Dr. C. A. Fleming (convener), Professor L. R. Richardson, and Dr. R. A. Falla.

Fellowship Selection Committee: Sir Charles Cotton (convener), Dr. J. T. Salmon, Miss L. B. Moore, Sir Ernest Marsden, and Dr. F. G. Soper.

Nominations Committee: Dr. J. K. Dixon, Dr. G. Archey, Sir Ernest Marsden, Mr. F. R. Callaghan and Professor R. S. Allan.

Library Committee: The Hon. Librarian (Professor L. R. Richardson), Sir Charles Cotton, Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Dr. J. T. Salmon.

Conservation Committee: Dr. R. A. Falla (convener), Dr. J. T. Salmon, Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Mr. A. L. Poole and Professor G. Jobberns.

Research Grants Committee: Mr. F. R. Callaghan (convener), Dr. C. A. Fleming, Mr. K. R. Allen.

Antarctic Research Committee: Dr. R. A. Falla and Mr. R. W. Willett.

National Academy of Science Fellowships Committee: Left in abeyance.

Royal Society's N.Z. Expedition Committee: Professor L. R. Richardson, Mr. R. W. Willett, and Dr. A. W. B. Powell.

N.Z. National Committee for ICSU: Dr. J. T. Salmon (convener), and representatives of the various unions.

Election of Representatives: Medical Research Council, Dr. F. G. Soper; Royal N.Z. Institute of Horticulture, Professor H. D. Gordon; Great Barrier Reef Committee, Dr. Beryl Brewin.

Next Meeting of Council. Dr. Kidson undertook to see if the Nelson Branch could issue an invitation to the Council to hold its Half-yearly Meeting in Nelson.

Votes of Thanks. On the motion of the President, Professor Allan, it was resolved that a letter of thanks be sent to the Vice-Chancellor of Victoria University for the use of the Conference Room.

Professor Allan also thanked the Vice-Presidents and the Secretary for their work.

Dr. Dixon moved a very hearty vote of thanks to the President, Professor Allan, for his leadership during his term of office as President, referring to the progressive policy he had pursued as instanced by the establishment of sectional committees set up earlier in the meeting. Carried by acclamation.

The meeting concluded at 4.45 p.m.


J. K. Dixon,

Chairman. June 23, 1960.